Searched for: subject%3A%22Drug%255C%2BResistance%22
(1 - 20 of 21)

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Brouwer, C.P.J.M. (author), Gemmel, F.F.A.Y. (author), Welling, M.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aim. The aim of this paper was to test the ability of technetium-99m labelled synthetic peptide UBI 29-41 scintigraphy (<sup>99m</sup>Tc-UBI 29-41), composed of the antimicrobial peptide ubiquicidin, specifically targets microorganisms in to discriminate between infected and uninfected endocarditis using a rat model previously validated. Methods...
article 2010
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Brand, W. (author), Schutte, M.E. (author), Williamson, G. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The transcellular transport of ingested food ingredients across the intestinal epithelial barrier is an important factor determining bioavailability upon oral intake. This transcellular transport of many chemicals, food ingredients, drugs or toxic compounds over the intestinal epithelium can be highly dependent on the activity of membrane bound...
article 2006
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Cnubben, N.H. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Membrane transport proteins belonging to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) family of transport proteins play a central role in the defence of organisms against toxic compounds, including anticancer drugs. However, for compounds that are designed to display a toxic effect, this defence system diminishes their effectiveness. This is typically the...
article 2005
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), de Mul, A. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the present study, the effects of myricetin on either MRP1 or MRP2 mediated vincristine resistance in transfected MDCKII cells were examined. The results obtained show that myricetin can inhibit both MRP1 and MRP2 mediated vincristine efflux in a concentration dependent manner. The IC50 values for cellular vincristine transport inhibition by...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), van Kranenburg, R. (author), Golic, N. (author), Bongers, R. (author), Leer, R.J. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Siezen, R.J. (author), Kleerebezem, M. (author)
Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 harbors three plasmids, pWCFS101, pWCFS102, and pWCFS103, with sizes of 1,917, 2,365, and 36,069 bp, respectively. The two smaller plasmids are of unknown function and contain replication genes that are likely to function via the rolling-circle replication mechanism. The host range of the p WCFS101 replicon includes...
article 2005
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), Geraets, L. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The objective of this study was to investigate the structural requirements necessary for inhibition of glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and GS-X pump (MRP1 and MRP2) activity by structurally related flavonoids, in GSTP1-1 transfected MCF7 cells (pMTG5). The results reveal that GSTP1-1 activity in MCF7 pMTG5 cells can be inhibited by some...
article 2004
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Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van der Velde, A.E. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Spenkelink, B. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author)
The multidrug resistance proteins MRP1 and MRP2 are efflux transporters with broad substrate specificity, including glutathione, glucuronide, and sulfate conjugates. In the present study, the interaction of the dietary polyphenol curcumin with MRP1 and MRP2 and the interplay between curcumin-dependent MRP inhibition and its glutathione-dependent...
article 2003
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Peschel, A. (author), Jack, R.W. (author), Otto, M. (author), Collins, L.V. (author), Staubitz, P. (author), Nicholson, G. (author), Kalbacher, H. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), Jung, G. (author), Tarkowski, A. (author), van Kessel, K.P.M. (author), van Strijp, J.A.G. (author)
Defensins, antimicrobial peptides of the innate immune system, protect human mucosal epithelia and skin against microbial infections and are produced in large amounts by neutrophils. The bacterial pathogen Staphylococcus aureus is insensitive to defensins by virtue of an unknown resistance mechanism. We describe a novel staphylococcal gene, mprF...
article 2001
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Kamphuisen, P.W. (author), Rosendaal, F.R. (author), Eikenboom, J.C.J. (author), Bos, R. (author), Bertina, R.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Clotting factor V has a dual function in coagulation: after activation, procoagulant factor V stimulates the formation of thrombin, whereas anticoagulant factor V acts as a cofactor for activated protein C (APC) in the degradation of factor VIII/VIIIa, thereby reducing thrombin formation. In the present study, we evaluated whether plasma factor...
article 2000
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Welters, M.J.P. (author), Braakhuis, B.J.M. (author), Jacobs-Bergmans, A.J. (author), Kegel, A. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), van der Vijgh, W.J.F. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Response to cisplatin-therapy is assumed to be related to the formation of platinum (Pt)-DNA adducts. Measurement of these adducts prior to therapy could be of value to improve cisplatin based cancer therapy. Materials and methods: We determined Pt-GG and Pt-AG adduct levels by use of 32P-postlabeling after ex vivo cisplatin...
article 1999
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Blommaert, F.A. (author), Floot, B.G.J. (author), van Dijk-Knijnenburg, H.C.M. (author), Berends, F. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), Schornagel, J.H. (author), den Engelse, L. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
We have studied the formation and repair of cisplatin-DNA adducts in wild-type mouse leukemia L1210/0 cells and in the sublines L1210/2 and L1210/5, which differ in cisplatin sensitivity. In a colony-formation assay these sublines were 9- and 22-fold more resistant compared to L1210/0, respectively. Cisplatin-induced DNA modification was studied...
article 1998
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Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author), Welters, M.J.P. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.M.J. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), Flens, M.J. (author), Scheper, R.J. (author), Braakhuis, B.J.M. (author)
Resistance to chemotherapy is a major problem in the treatment of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Important factors involved are drug detoxification by glutathione (GSH) and reduced drug accumulation due to active transport out of the cell by so-called 'multidrug resistance-related proteins'. We have studied a panel...
article 1998
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Ridley, R.G. (author), Matile, H. (author), Jaquet, C. (author), Dorn, A. (author), Hofheinz, W. (author), Leupin, W. (author), Masciadri, R. (author), Theil, F.P. (author), Richter, W.F. (author), Girometta, M.A. (author), Guenzi, A. (author), Urwyler, H. (author), Gocke, E. (author), Potthast, J.M. (author), Csato, M. (author), Thomas, A. (author), Peters, W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The S,S enantiomer of the bisquinoline trans-N1,N2-bis(7- chloroquinolin-4-yl)cyclohexane-1,2-diamine, Ro 47-7737, is significantly more potent against chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum than the R,R enantiomer and the previously described racemate. Both the enantiomers and the racemate are more potent inhibitors of heme polymerization...
article 1997
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Nijhuis, E.W.P. (author), Oostervink, F. (author), Hinloopen, B. (author), Rozing, J. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 40 consecutive patients entering a screening program on cognitive impairment were studied in vitro with respect to their sensitivity to dexamethasone (DEX). Phytohemagglutinin-induced proliferation by PBMC from patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT) was less sensitive to the...
article 1996
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van den Brink, H.J.M. (author), van Nistelrooy, H.J.G.M. (author), de Waard, M.A. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), van Gorcom, R.F.M. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
In this paper we describe the effects of over-expression of the Penicillium italicum gene encoding eburicol 14α-demethylase (cyp51), in Aspergillus niger strains with one or multiple copies of the gene encoding cytochrome P450 reductase (cpr A), on the eburicol 14α-demethylase activity. Eburicol 14α-demethylase activity was determined by...
article 1996
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Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author), Zaman, G.J.R. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Evers, R. (author), Borst, P. (author)
The multidrug resistance protein MRP has been shown to mediate the transport of glutathione S-conjugates across membranes. In this study we demonstrate that the glutathione S-conjugate of the diuretic drug ethacrynic acid, which is an efficient inhibitor of glutathione S-transferases, is a high-affinity substrate and inhibitor of the glutathione...
article 1996
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Dirven, H.A.A.M. (author), Megens, L. (author), Oudshoorn, M.J. (author), Dingemanse, M.A. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Development of drug resistance against alkylating cytostatic drugs has been associated with higher intracellular concentrations of glutathione (GSH) and increased expression of glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes. Therefore, enhanced detoxification by the glutathione/glutathione S-transferase pathway has been proposed as a major factor in...
article 1995
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Dirven, H.A.A.M. (author), Dictus, E.L.J.T. (author), Broeders, N.L.H.L. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Nonenzymatic and glutathione S-transferase (GST) catalyzed glutathione (GSH) conjugation has been postulated as a mechanism by which alkylating cytostatic drugs can be inactivated intracellularly. In this study, we describe studies on the glutathione-dependent biotransformation of thiotepa (tris(1-aziridinyl)phosphine sulfide), a trifunctional...
article 1995
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Nijhuis, E.W.P. (author), Hinloopen, B. (author), Odding, J. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The suppressive effect of the glucocorticoid dexamethasone (DEX) on purified CD4+ T cells was found to depend on the activation pathway. In contrast to anti-CD3- or PHA-induced T cell proliferation, the alternative pathway of T cell activation, i.e., through anti-CD2 and anti-CD28, appeared largely resistant to DEX. By titrating anti-CD28 or the...
article 1994
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Davidse, L.C. (author), Flach, W. (author), Centrum voor Plantenfysiologisch Onderzoek Nationale Raad voor Landbouwkundig Onderzoek TNO (author)
Chemicals/CAS: benomyl, 17804-35-2; carbon 14, 14762-75-5; colchicine, 64-86-8; fuberidazole, 3878-19-1; griseofulvin, 126-07-8; mebendazole, 31431-39-7; melatonin, 73-31-4; nocodazole, 31430-18-9; parbendazole, 14255-87-9; podophyllotoxin, 518-28-5; tiabendazole, 148-79-8; vinblastine, 865-21-4; Benzimidazoles; Carbamates; Colchicine, 64-86-8;...
article 1977
Searched for: subject%3A%22Drug%255C%2BResistance%22
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