Searched for: subject:"Double%5C-Blind%5C+Method"
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Ceconi, C. (author), Fox, K.M. (author), Remme, W.J. (author), Simoons, M.L. (author), Deckers, J.W. (author), Bertrand, M. (author), Parrinello, G. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Blann, A. (author), Cokkinos, D. (author), Ferrari, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The PERTINENT study measured biomarkers of atherosclerosis and thrombosis in a stable coronary artery disease population from EUROPA receiving ACE inhibition with perindopril 8 mg/day or placebo. Biomarkers of inflammation, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and a biomarker of thrombosis, d-dimer, were...
article 2009
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van der Laan, W. (author), Molenaar, E. (author), Ronday, K. (author), Verheijen, J. (author), Breedveld, F. (author), Greenwald, R. (author), Dijkmans, B. (author), Tekoppele, J. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Objective. To investigate the effects of doxycycline on disease activity and joint destruction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. A 36 week double blind, placebo controlled crossover trial was conducted. Patients (n = 66) received 50 mg doxycycline or placebo twice a day during 12, 24, or 36 weeks. Patient assessments were...
article 2001
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Wils, D. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: It is well documented that fermentation of carbohydrates that escape digestion exert several effects supposed to be beneficial for (colonic) health, including an increase in stool volume, a shorter intestinal transit time, production of short chain fatty acids and a decrease of colonic pH (Kritchevsky 1988). NUTRIOSE®FB is a dextrin...
article 2005
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Valk, P.J.L. (author), van Roon, D.B. (author), Simons, M. (author), Rikken, G. (author)
Sustained vigilance is required by pilots and crew during flight; therefore, the use of antihistamines with sedating properties is widely prohibited. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of desloratadine, a long-acting, nonsedating antihistamine, on healthy volunteers placed under conditions of simulated cabin pressure. Methods...
article 2004
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van Dokkum, W. (author), Wezendonk, B. (author), Srikumar, T.S. (author), van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To study the effect of the intake of 15 g nondigestible oligosaccharides per day on various parameters of large-bowel function, as well as on blood lipid concentrations and glucose absorption in man. Design: Latin square, randomized, double-blind, diet-controlled. Setting: Metabolic research unit. Subjects: Twelve apparently healthy...
article 1999
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Albers, R. (author), van der Wielen, R.P.J. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Dorovska-Taran, V.N. (author), Mohede, I.C.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objectives: To study the effects of two different mixtures of the main conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers cis-9, trans-11 CLA and trans-10, cis-12 CLA on human immune function. Design: Double-blind, randomized, parallel, reference-controlled intervention study. Subjects and intervention: Seventy-one healthy males aged 31-69y received one of...
article 2003
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Emmen, H.H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, W.A.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Ravensberg, J.C. (author), Alexander, D.J. (author), Borkhataria, D. (author), Rusch, G.M. (author), Schmit, B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
HFC 134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane) and HFC 227 (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane) are used to replace chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in refrigerant and aerosol applications, including medical use in metered-dose inhalers. Production and consumption of CFCs are being phased out under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer....
article 2000
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Vogelvang, T.E. (author), Mijatovic, V. (author), Kenemans, P. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Heijst, J.A. (author), van der Mooren, M.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective: To investigate the short-term effects of HMR 3339, a novel selective estrogen receptor modulator, on markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis. Study design: In a multicenter, 14-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, dose-ranging study, healthy postmenopausal women received daily placebo (n = 22), HMR 3339 2.5 mg (n = 25),...
article 2005
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de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Arnold, A.E.R. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), Wilson, J.H.P. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Elevated plasma fibrinogen levels are associated with an increased risk for cardiac events. Ticlopidine is a drug that inhibits the ADP-induced aggregation of blood platelets and it also has been described that ticlopidine can decrease the plasma fibrinogen level in patients with vascular diseases. The mechanism of this decrease has not yet been...
article 1996
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Myrup, B. (author), Jensen, T. (author), Gram, J. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Jespersen, J. (author), Deckert, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
OBJECTIVE - The high risk for cardiovascular disease in IDDM patients with nephropathy may be mediated by abnormal function of the vascular wall. We investigated whether heparin was able to modulate markers of vascular wall and hemostatic function in patients with incipient nephropathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Thirty-five IDDM patients...
article 1997
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van Poppel, G. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
β-carotene has been hypothesised to reduce lung cancer risk. We studied the effect of 14 weeks of β-carotene supplementation (20 mg d-1) on the frequency of micronuclei in sputum in 114 heavy smokers in a double-blind trial. Micronuclei reflect DNA damage in exfoliated cells and may thus provide a marker early-stage carcinogenesis. Pre-treatment...
article 1992
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van Doorn, M.B.A. (author), Espirito Santo, S.M. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Kamerling, I.M. (author), Schoemaker, R.C. (author), Dirsch, V. (author), Vollmar, A. (author), Haffner, T. (author), Gebhardt, R. (author), Cohen, A.F. (author), Princen, H.M. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Epidemiologic studies suggest that garlic may have beneficial effects on risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, these findings are not unambiguously supported by randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials. Objective: We sought to investigate the effects of a chemically well-characterized garlic...
article 2006
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Rieckmann, P. (author), Kruse, N. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), Beckmann, K. (author), Miller, D. (author), Polman, C. (author), Dahlke, F. (author), Toyka, K.V. (author), Hartung, H.P. (author), Stürzebecher, S. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Background: Subcutaneous IFNβ-1b (Betaferon®) is an established immunomodulatory treatment for relapsing remitting MS and active secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS). It modulates cytokine and adhesion molecule expression but long term in vivo effects of IFNβ-1b on the immune system are not known in multiple sclerosis. Objective: To...
article 2005
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Vlaming, M.L. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), Dillingh, M.R. (author), Brands, R. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Hendrikse, N.H. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), de Koning, M.C. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Mocking, J.A. (author), Sandman, H. (author), de Ligt, R.A. (author), Fabriek, B.O. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Seinen, W. (author), Alves, T. (author), Carrondo, M. (author), Peixoto, C. (author), Peeters, P.A. (author), Vaes, W.H. (author)
Preclinical development of new biological entities (NBEs), such as human protein therapeutics, requires considerable expenditure of time and costs. Poor prediction of pharmacokinetics in humans further reduces net efficiency. In this study, we show for the first time that pharmacokinetic data of NBEs in humans can be successfully obtained early...
article 2015
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Brussaard, H.E. (author), Gevers Leuven, J.A. (author), Frölich, M. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Krans, H.M.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Oestrogen replacement therapy is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. Patients with non-insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) have an increased cardiovascular risk. However, oestrogen replacement therapy is only reluctantly prescribed for patients with NIDDM. In a double blind randomized...
article 1997
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van Doorn, M. (author), Vogels, J. (author), Tas, A. (author), van Hoogdalem, E.J. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), Cohen, A. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims: To explore the usefulness of metabolomics as a method to obtain a broad array of biomarkers for the pharmacological effects of rosiglitazone (RSG) in plasma and urine samples from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and healthy volunteers (HVs). Additionally, we explored the differences in metabolite concentrations between T2DM...
article 2007
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van Vliet, T. (author), Jacobs, R.G.J.M. (author), de Deckere, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), de Bree, A. (author), van der Put, N.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the effect of folic acid, vitamin B6 and B12 fortified spreads on the blood concentrations of these vitamins and homocysteine. Design and setting: A 6-week randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel trial carried out in a clinical research center. Subjects: One hundred and fifty healthy volunteers (50% males...
article 2007
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Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Prinsen, M.K. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The objective of this study was to establish the possible occurrence of eye irritation and subjective symptoms in human volunteers exposed to propylene glycol monomethyl ether (PGME) vapour at concentrations of 0, 100 and 150 ppm. Testing was conducted in 12 healthy male volunteers using a repeated measures design. Each subject was exposed for 2...
article 2003
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Smits, R.C.F. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Bertelmans, F.W. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), van Loenen, A.C. (author), Polman, C.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
4-Aminopyridine (4-AP) has a favorable effect on the disability of certain patients with MS. We investigated the effect of 4-AP on neuropsychological performance in 20 MS patients using a randomized, double-blind, placebo- controlled, crossover design. Although there was a trend for improved performance with 4-AP for two of the tests, we could...
article 1994
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de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Kastelein, J.J.P. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Zwinderman, A.H. (author), Jansen, H. (author), Groenemeier, B. (author), Bruschke, A.V.G. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Increased plasma fibrinogen levels have been identified as a risk indicator for myocardial infarction, stroke, and thrombosis. Both environmental and genetic factors make an important contribution to plasma fibrinogen levels in humans. In the present study we evaluated, in patients with serum cholesterol levels between 4 and 8 mmol/L, the...
article 1998
Searched for: subject:"Double%5C-Blind%5C+Method"
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