Searched for: subject:"Double%5C-Blind%5C%2BMethod"
(1 - 19 of 19)
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Bakker, G.C.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Low-grade chronic inflammation in overweight subjects is thought to play an important role in disease development. Objective: It was hypothesized that specific dietary components are able to reduce low-grade inflammation as well as metabolic and oxidative stress. Design: Dietary products [resveratrol, green tea extract, α-tocopherol,...
article 2010
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Hellgren, M. (author), Conard, J. (author), Norris, L. (author), Kluft, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To study cardiovascular risk markers in women taking estradiol/trimegestone or estradiol/dydrogesterone. Design: Multicenter, randomized, prospective, double-blind study of 184 healthy post-menopausal women randomized to 6 cycles of either estradiol (2 mg) + trimegestone (0.5 mg) (T-group) or estradiol (2 mg) + dydrogesterone (10 mg) ...
article 2009
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Brouns, F. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Consumption of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) has been shown to improve mineral absorption in the short term, but no long-term effects were studied in girls with a low calcium intake. Therefore, we hypothesized that short- and long-term consumption of short-chain FOS (sc-FOS) improves calcium and magnesium absorption in girls with a low habitual...
article 2009
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van Uffelen, J.G.Z. (author), Chinapaw, M.J.M. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To examine the effects of aerobic exercise or vitamin B supplementation on cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Design: Randomised placebo-controlled trial. Setting: General community. Participants: Community-dwelling adults aged 70-80 with MCI. Interventions : The 152 participants were randomly...
article 2008
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van Doorn, M. (author), Vogels, J. (author), Tas, A. (author), van Hoogdalem, E.J. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), Cohen, A. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims: To explore the usefulness of metabolomics as a method to obtain a broad array of biomarkers for the pharmacological effects of rosiglitazone (RSG) in plasma and urine samples from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and healthy volunteers (HVs). Additionally, we explored the differences in metabolite concentrations between T2DM...
article 2007
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van Vliet, T. (author), Jacobs, R.G.J.M. (author), de Deckere, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), de Bree, A. (author), van der Put, N.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the effect of folic acid, vitamin B6 and B12 fortified spreads on the blood concentrations of these vitamins and homocysteine. Design and setting: A 6-week randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel trial carried out in a clinical research center. Subjects: One hundred and fifty healthy volunteers (50% males...
article 2007
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van Doorn, M.B.A. (author), Espirito Santo, S.M. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Kamerling, I.M. (author), Schoemaker, R.C. (author), Dirsch, V. (author), Vollmar, A. (author), Haffner, T. (author), Gebhardt, R. (author), Cohen, A.F. (author), Princen, H.M. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Epidemiologic studies suggest that garlic may have beneficial effects on risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, these findings are not unambiguously supported by randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials. Objective: We sought to investigate the effects of a chemically well-characterized garlic...
article 2006
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Wils, D. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: It is well documented that fermentation of carbohydrates that escape digestion exert several effects supposed to be beneficial for (colonic) health, including an increase in stool volume, a shorter intestinal transit time, production of short chain fatty acids and a decrease of colonic pH (Kritchevsky 1988). NUTRIOSE®FB is a dextrin...
article 2005
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Vogelvang, T.E. (author), Mijatovic, V. (author), Kenemans, P. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Heijst, J.A. (author), van der Mooren, M.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective: To investigate the short-term effects of HMR 3339, a novel selective estrogen receptor modulator, on markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis. Study design: In a multicenter, 14-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, dose-ranging study, healthy postmenopausal women received daily placebo (n = 22), HMR 3339 2.5 mg (n = 25),...
article 2005
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de Jong, R.J. (author), Verwei, M. (author), West, C.E. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Siebelink, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Castenmiller, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether milk fortified with folic acid enhances the folate status of humans and whether the presence of folate-binding proteins (FBP) in pasteurised milk affects the bioavailability of folic acid from fortified milk. In untreated and pasteurised milk, folate occurs bound to FBP, while FBP is ...
article 2005
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Ghrelin plays an important role in the regulation of food intake. Little is known about how ghrelin concentrations are modified by dietary factors. Objective: We examined the effects of both amount and type of carbohydrate on ghrelin concentrations and all correlations among the variables ghrelin, glucose, insulin, leptin, and all 4...
article 2005
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Olthof, M.R. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), Verhoef, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: A high homocysteine concentration is a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease that can be reduced through betaine supplementation. Choline is the precursor for betaine, but the effects of choline supplementation on plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations in healthy humans are unknown. Objective: The objective was to...
article 2005
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Boelsma, E. (author), Lamers, R.-J.A.N. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), Roza, L. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Ginkgo biloba extract has been advocated for the improvement of blood circulation in circulatory disorders. This study investigated the effect of the Gingko biloba extract EGb 761 on skin blood flow in healthy volunteers and accompanying changes in urinary metabolites. Twenty-seven healthy middle-aged subjects participated in a randomized,...
article 2004
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Albers, R. (author), van der Wielen, R.P.J. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Dorovska-Taran, V.N. (author), Mohede, I.C.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objectives: To study the effects of two different mixtures of the main conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers cis-9, trans-11 CLA and trans-10, cis-12 CLA on human immune function. Design: Double-blind, randomized, parallel, reference-controlled intervention study. Subjects and intervention: Seventy-one healthy males aged 31-69y received one of...
article 2003
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Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), Weststrate, J.A. (author), Tijburg, L.B.M. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), Vink, A.A. (author), Berendschot, T.T.J.M. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), Castenmiller, W.A.M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author)
Excessive consumption of energy and fat increases the risk for obesity. Snacks containing sucrose polyesters (SPE) as a dietary fat replacer are on the market in the United States. SPE products have been shown to lower concentrations of serum carotenoids in short-term studies. Experimental studies on the longer-term effects on health of...
article 2003
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Rhodes, L.E. (author), Shahbakhti, H. (author), Azurdia, R.M. (author), Moison, R.M.W. (author), Steenwinkel, M.J.S.T. (author), Homburg, M.I. (author), Dean, M.P. (author), McArdle, F. (author), Beijersbergen van Henegouwen, G.M.J. (author), Epe, B. (author), Vink, A.A. (author)
Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) protect against photocarcinogenesis in animals, but prospective human studies are scarce. The mechanism(s) underlying the photoprotection are uncertain, although ω-3 PUFAs may influence oxidative stress. We examined the effect of supplementation on a range of indicators of ultraviolet...
article 2003
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van der Laan, W. (author), Molenaar, E. (author), Ronday, K. (author), Verheijen, J. (author), Breedveld, F. (author), Greenwald, R. (author), Dijkmans, B. (author), Tekoppele, J. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Objective. To investigate the effects of doxycycline on disease activity and joint destruction in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. A 36 week double blind, placebo controlled crossover trial was conducted. Patients (n = 66) received 50 mg doxycycline or placebo twice a day during 12, 24, or 36 weeks. Patient assessments were...
article 2001
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de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Arnold, A.E.R. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), Wilson, J.H.P. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Elevated plasma fibrinogen levels are associated with an increased risk for cardiac events. Ticlopidine is a drug that inhibits the ADP-induced aggregation of blood platelets and it also has been described that ticlopidine can decrease the plasma fibrinogen level in patients with vascular diseases. The mechanism of this decrease has not yet been...
article 1996
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van Poppel, G. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
β-carotene has been hypothesised to reduce lung cancer risk. We studied the effect of 14 weeks of β-carotene supplementation (20 mg d-1) on the frequency of micronuclei in sputum in 114 heavy smokers in a double-blind trial. Micronuclei reflect DNA damage in exfoliated cells and may thus provide a marker early-stage carcinogenesis. Pre-treatment...
article 1992
Searched for: subject:"Double%5C-Blind%5C%2BMethod"
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