Searched for: subject%3A%22Dose%255C-response%255C%2Brelationship%22
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Verwei, M. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The new EU legislations for chemicals (Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals, REACH) and cosmetics (Seventh Amendment) stimulate the acceptance of in vitro and in silico approaches to test chemicals for their potential to cause reproductive effects. In the current study seven compounds with known in vivo developmental effects...
article 2006
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Beulens, J.W.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2006
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Schutte, M.E. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present study describes the effect of different flavonoids on the absorption of the pro-carcinogen PhIP through Caco-2 monolayers and the development of an in silico model describing this process taking into account passive diffusion and active transport of PhIP. Various flavonoids stimulated the apical to basolateral PhIP transport. Using...
article 2006
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Fässler, C. (author), Arrigoni, E. (author), Venema, K. (author), Hafner, V. (author), Brouns, F. (author), Amadò, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Resistant starch (RS) is known for potential health benefits in the human colon. To investigate these positive effects it is important to be able to predict the amount, and the structure of starch reaching the large intestine. Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to compare two different in vitro models simulating the...
article 2006
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Mommers, C. (author), de Heer, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A literature study was performed to evaluate dose-response relationships and no-effect levels for sensitization and elicitation in skin- and respiratory allergy. With respect to the skin, dose-response relationships and no-effect levels were found for both intradermal and topical induction, as well as for intradermal and topical elicitation of...
article 2006
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Pasman, W. (author), Wils, D. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To determine the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance of NUTRIOSE®FB in men. Design: A randomized, placebo-contro lled, parallel, double-blind study. Setting: The metabolic ward of TNO Quality of Life. Subjects: Forty-eight subjects started the study: 16 men participated in one of the three treatments. Subjects consumed either 22.5 g of...
article 2006
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Jellema, W.T. (author), Groeneveld, A.B.J. (author), Wesseling, K.H. (author), Thijs, L.G. (author), Westerhof, N. (author), van Lieshout, J.J. (author)
OBJECTIVE: To establish the heterogeneity of hemodynamic responses to dobutamine in patients with septic shock and to identify the predictive factors of these hemodynamic responses. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING AND PATIENTS: A total of 12 patients with septic shock in a tertiary medical intensive care unit. INTERVENTIONS: A 20-min...
article 2006
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den Boer, M.A.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Insulin is an important inhibitor of both hepatic glucose output and hepatic VLDL-triglyceride (VLDL-TG) production. We investigated whether both processes are equally sensitive to insulin-mediated inhibition. To test this, we used euglycemic clamp studies with four increasing plasma concentrations of insulin in wild-type C57Bl/6 mice. By...
article 2006
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Duivenvoorden, I. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The prevalence of dyslipidemia and obesity resulting from excess energy intake and physical inactivity is increasing. The liver plays a pivotal role in systemic lipid homeostasis. Effective, natural dietary interventions that lower plasma lipids and promote liver health are needed. Objective: Our goal was to determine the effect of...
article 2006
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McKee, R.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Barsotti, D.A. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a preliminary step to evaluating the acute neurobehavioral effects of hydrocarbon solvents and to establish a working model for extrapolating animal test data to humans, joint neurobehavioral/toxicokinetic studies were conducted which involved administering ethanol to rats and volunteers. The specific objectives of the present studies were to...
article 2006
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Lina, B.A.R. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Suwa, Y. (author), Fujikawa, S. (author), Ishikura, Y. (author), Tsuda, S. (author), Dohnalek, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are natural constituents found in human milk, fish oil or egg yolk. Until recently, infant formulas, though providing the essential fatty acid precursors for these PUFAs, did not contain preformed ARA or DHA. In this study the safety of SUNTGA40S...
article 2006
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), van Vliet, S.A.M. (author), Jongsma, M.J. (author), Vanwersch, R.A.P. (author), Olivier, B. (author), Philippens, I.H.C.H.M. (author)
Rationale: Modafinil is increasingly used in sleep disturbances in general and in neurodegenerative diseases and is recently being used in healthy people for attention control. However, the application of modafinil is possibly not only restricted to alertness enhancing effects. More insight in this compound may lead to new applications. Not all...
article 2006
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Wils, D. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: It is well documented that fermentation of carbohydrates that escape digestion exert several effects supposed to be beneficial for (colonic) health, including an increase in stool volume, a shorter intestinal transit time, production of short chain fatty acids and a decrease of colonic pH (Kritchevsky 1988). NUTRIOSE®FB is a dextrin...
article 2005
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Verhoef, P. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Olthof, M.R. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: A high plasma concentration of total homocysteine (tHcy) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. A high protein intake and hence a high intake of methionine-the sole dietary precursor of homocysteine-may raise plasma tHcy concentrations. Objectives: We studied whether high intake of protein increases plasma...
article 2005
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Vogelvang, T.E. (author), Mijatovic, V. (author), Kenemans, P. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Heijst, J.A. (author), van der Mooren, M.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective: To investigate the short-term effects of HMR 3339, a novel selective estrogen receptor modulator, on markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis. Study design: In a multicenter, 14-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, dose-ranging study, healthy postmenopausal women received daily placebo (n = 22), HMR 3339 2.5 mg (n = 25),...
article 2005
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van Erk, M.J. (author), Roepman, P. (author), van der Lende, T.R. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Many different mechanisms are involved in nutrient-related prevention of colon cancer. In this study, a comprehensive assessment of the spectrum of possible biological actions of the bioactive compound quercetin is made using multiple gene expression analysis. Quercetin is a flavonoid that can inhibit proliferation of tumor cells and...
article 2005
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Buist, H.E. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), de Heer, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The dermal route of exposure is important in worker exposure to biocidal products. Many biocidal active substances which are used on a daily basis may decrease the barrier function of the skin to a larger extent than current risk assessment practice addresses, due to possible skin effects of repeated exposure. The influence of repeated and...
article 2005
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), de Mul, A. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the present study, the effects of myricetin on either MRP1 or MRP2 mediated vincristine resistance in transfected MDCKII cells were examined. The results obtained show that myricetin can inhibit both MRP1 and MRP2 mediated vincristine efflux in a concentration dependent manner. The IC50 values for cellular vincristine transport inhibition by...
article 2005
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study investigated whether integrated analysis of transcriptomics and metabolomics data increased the sensitivity of detection and provided new insight in the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity. Metabolite levels in plasma or urine were analyzed in relation to changes in hepatic gene expression in rats that received bromobenzene to induce acute...
article 2005
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Smilde, A.K. (author), Jansen, J.J. (author), Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Timmerman, M.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Motivation: Datasets resulting from metabolomics or metabolic profiling experiments are becoming increasingly complex. Such datasets may contain underlying factors, such as time (time-resolved or longitudinal measurements), doses or combinations thereof. Currently used biostatistics methods do not take the structure of such complex datasets into...
article 2005
Searched for: subject%3A%22Dose%255C-response%255C%2Brelationship%22
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