Searched for: subject:"Dogs"
(1 - 20 of 41)

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Vos, P.A.J.M. (author), Degroot, J. (author), Barten-Van Rijbroek, A.D. (author), Zuurmond, A.-M. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), Mastbergen, S.C. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author)
Osteoarthritis is a highly prevalent disease, age being the main risk factor. The age-related accumulation of advanced-glycation-endproducts (AGEs) adversely affects the mechanical and biochemical properties of cartilage. The hypothesis that accumulation of cartilage AGEs in combination with surgically induced damage predisposes to the...
article 2012
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Vos, P. (author), Intema, F. (author), van El, B. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), Lafeber, F. (author), Mastbergen, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Many animal models are used to study osteoarthritis (OA). In these models the role of joint loading in the development of OA is not fully understood. We studied the effect of loading on the development of OA in the canine Groove-model. In ten female beagle dogs OA was induced in one knee according to the Groove-model. The animals were divided in...
article 2009
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Frost-Christensen, L.N. (author), Mastbergen, S.C. (author), Vianen, M.E. (author), Hartog, A. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Voorhout, G. (author), van Wees, A.M.C. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), Hazewinkel, H.A.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The most used model for joint instability is the canine anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT)-model. The ACLT-model can be extended with a medial meniscectomy (MX) (i.e., ACLT-MX-model) to avoid unintentional, and with that variable, meniscal damage. The present study compares the ACLT-MX-model with the more recently...
article 2008
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Intema, F. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Elshof, B. (author), Vianen, M.E. (author), Yocum, S. (author), Zuurmond, A. (author), Mastbergen, S.C. (author), Lafeber, F.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In studies aimed at local treatment of experimental osteoarthritis (OA) it is optimal to have an internal (untreated) OA control. Such an approach excludes interanimal variation, and allows paired statistical evaluation of treatment efficacy. For this purpose, we developed and characterized a bilateral version of the canine Groove model. We...
article 2008
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Sinds begin jaren tachtig gebruikt de burgerluchtvaart speurhonden voor de opsporing van verboden stoffen, zoals drugs en explosieven. Ondanks de goede reputatie van de speurhond werd nooit een groot internationaal en onafhankelijk onderzoek uitgevoerd. Samen met internationale partners deed TNO – als afsluitend onderdeel van een Europees...
article 2008
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Lankhorst, C. (author), Tran, Q.D. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Hendriks, W.H. (author), van der Poel, A.F.B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A 3 × 2 × 2 factorial trial was designed to investigate the effect of different extrusion conditions and product parameters on the nutritional quality as determined by a number of in vitro measurements (e.g. reactive lysine, and starch gelatinization degree) as well as physical quality of the kibble (durability and hardness) of a canine diet....
article 2007
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Dekkers, S. (author), Telman, J. (author), Rennen, M.A.J. (author), Appel, M.J. (author), de Heer, C. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this study, the within-animal variation in routinely studied continuous toxicological parameters was estimated from temporal fluctuations in individual healthy nonexposed animals. Assuming that these fluctuations are nonadverse, this within-animal variation may be indicative of the minimal magnitude of the critical effect size (CES). The CES...
article 2006
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Parnham, M.J. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Schrander, F. (author), Schut, M.W. (author), Orešković, K. (author), Mildner, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
PLD-118 is a novel, oral antifungal drug, under development for the treatment of Candida infections. Possible metabolism of PLD-118 by rat, dog and human S9 liver homogenates and inhibition of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes were investigated. PLD-118 (10 and 100 μm) incubated for 0-60 min with S9 fractions and NADPH was determined by HPLC,...
article 2005
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Adams, T.B. (author), Cohen, S.M. (author), Doull, J. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Goodman, J.I. (author), Marnett, L.J. (author), Munro, I.C. (author), Portoghese, P.S. (author), Smith, R.L. (author), Waddell, W.J. (author), Wagner, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This publication is the ninth in a series of safety evaluations performed by the Expert Panel of the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA). In 1993, the Panel initiated a comprehensive program to re-evaluate the safety of more than 1700 GRAS flavoring substances under conditions of intended use. Elements that are fundamental to the...
article 2005
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), de Mul, A. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the present study, the effects of myricetin on either MRP1 or MRP2 mediated vincristine resistance in transfected MDCKII cells were examined. The results obtained show that myricetin can inhibit both MRP1 and MRP2 mediated vincristine efflux in a concentration dependent manner. The IC50 values for cellular vincristine transport inhibition by...
article 2005
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Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the possible interplay between glutathione metabolism of and MRP inhibition by thiol reactive compounds, the interactions of a series of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds with multidrug resistance proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1/ABCC1 and MRP2/ABCC2) were studied. α,β-Unsaturated carbonyl compounds react with glutathione, and therefore either...
article 2005
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), Punt, A. (author), Usta, M. (author), Bladeren, P.J.V. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the present study, the effects of a large series of flavonoids on multidrug resistance proteins (MRPs) were studied in MRP1 and MRP2 transfected MDCKII cells. The results were used to define the structural requirements of flavonoids necessary for potent inhibition of MRP1- and MRP2-mediated calcein transport in a cellular model. Several of...
article 2005
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Lina, B.A.R. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The oral toxicity of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) was examined in a 13-week feeding study in which groups of Beagle dogs received α-CD in the diet at concentrations of 0 (control), 5, 10, or 20% (4dogs/sex/group). No treatment-related changes were noted in behavior or appearance of the dogs and no mortalities occurred. Diarrhea occurred in all α-CD...
article 2004
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Knippels, L.M.J. (author), van Wijk, F. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Purpose of review This review summarizes selected articles on animal models of food allergy published in 2003. The research areas that are covered include mechanistic studies, the search for new therapies, as well as screening models for hazard identification of potential allergens. Recent findings Novel treatment options of both prevention and...
article 2004
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de Groot, J. (author), Verzijl, N. (author), van Wenting-Wijk, M.J.G. (author), Jacobs, K.M.G. (author), van El, B. (author), van Roermund, P.M. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective. Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most prevalent and disabling chronic conditions affecting the elderly. Its etiology is largely unknown, but age is the most prominent risk factor. The current study was designed to test whether accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which are known to adversely affect cartilage...
article 2004
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den Boer, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Epidemiological studies in humans, as well as experimental studies in animal models, have shown an association between visceral obesity and dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, attention has been focused on the excessive accumulation of triglycerides (TG) in the liver as part of this syndrome. In this review,...
article 2004
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Tryfonidou, M.A. (author), Holl, M.S. (author), Stevenhagen, J.J. (author), Buurman, C.J. (author), Deluca, H.F. (author), Oosterlaken-Dijksterhuis, M.A. (author), van den Brom, W.E. (author), van Leeuwen, J.P.T.M. (author), Hazewinkel, H.A.W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
The effects of excessive non-toxic dietary Vitamin D3 supplementation on Ca homeostasis with specific effects on endochondral ossification and skeletal remodeling were investigated in a group of growing Great Dane dogs supplemented with cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3; HVitD) versus a control group (CVitD) (1350 μg versus 11.4 μg Vitamin D3 per...
article 2003
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Hoeijmakers, M. (author), Janszen, B. (author), Coert, A. (author), Horspool, L. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of oestriol in plasma in the dog after repeated oral administration of oestriol tablets, a preparation intended for the treatment of urinary incontinence in the bitch. The study was performed in six healthy, entire, adult female beagle dogs. The bitches were treated once daily...
article 2003
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Kimber, I. (author), Dearman, R.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Knipples, L.M.J. (author), Buchanan, R.B. (author), Hammerberg, B. (author), Jackson, H.A. (author), Helm, R.M. (author)
Because of the public concern surrounding the issue of the safety of genetically modified organisms, it is critical to have appropriate methodologies to aid investigators in identifying potential hazards associated with consumption of foods produced with these materials. A regent panel of experts convened by the Food and Agriculture Organization...
article 2003
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Marijnissen, A.C.A. (author), van Roermund, P.M. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective: The frequently used anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) model of osteoarthritis (OA) in the dog, makes use of a permanent trigger (joint instability) for inducing degenerative changes. The present study evaluates a canine model of degenerative cartilage damage, mimicking OA, which is induced without making use of permanent...
article 2002
Searched for: subject:"Dogs"
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