Searched for: subject:"Digestive%5C+System"
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Botschuijver, S. (author), Welting, O. (author), Levin, E. (author), Maria-Ferreira, D. (author), Koch, E. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), Seppen, J. (author), Hakvoort, T.B.M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Jonge, W.J. (author), van den Wijngaard, R.M. (author)
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder associated with altered gastrointestinal microflora and increased nociception to colonic distension. This visceral hypersensitivity can be reversed in our rat maternal separation model by fungicides. Menthacarin® is a proprietary combination of essential oils from...
article 2018
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Offermans, N.S.M. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Burdorf, A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Keszei, A.P. (author), Peters, S. (author), Kauppinen, T. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author)
Objectives The evidence for an association between occupational asbestos exposure and pharyngeal cancer (PhC) is limited, while for oral cavity cancer (OCC) the literature is even sparser. We studied OCC and PhC risk both separately and combined (OCPC) in relation to occupational asbestos exposure, specifically addressing the influence of...
article 2014
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Hogervorst, J.G.F. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Konings, E.J.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Acrylamide is a probable human carcinogen that was detected in several heat-treated foods, such as French fries and crisps, in 2002. Prospective studies are needed on acrylamide and human cancer risk. We prospectively investigated the association between acrylamide and gastrointestinal cancer risk. In 1986, 120,852 men and women (aged 55-69 y)...
article 2008
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Hawinkels, L.J.A.C. (author), Verspaget, H.W. (author), van den Berg, M. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Sier, C.F.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2007
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Buscher, B.A.P. (author), Gerritsen, H. (author), van Schöll, I. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Brüll, L.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
An LC-MS/MS method has been developed for the quantitative determination of a protein drug (Tenecteplase; MW 58,777 Da) in rat plasma. The protein was digested with trypsin without prior clean-up of the plasma sample, without the use of a label nor internal standard. A limited validation was performed to assess the linearity, the sensitivity and...
article 2007
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van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Diet has been hypothesized to play a role in the etiology of gastrointestinal cancer for a long time. Initially, strong evidence of such effects was found in retrospective epidemiological studies. Dietary habits, in particular those from the distant past, are difficult to measure, however. Results from recent, prospective and larger studies of...
article 2006
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Blanquet, S. (author), Zeijdner, E. (author), Beyssac, E. (author), Meunier, J.-P. (author), Denis, S. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Alric, M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the potential of a dynamic, multicompartmental in vitro system simulating the human stomach and small intestine (TIM-1) for studying the behavior of oral drug dosage forms under various physiological gastrointestinal conditions. Methods. Two model drug compounds were studied in TIM-1: a...
article 2004
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Blanquet, S. (author), Meunier, J.P. (author), Minekus, M. (author), Marol-Bonnin, S. (author), Alric, M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The use of genetically engineered microorganisms such as bacteria or yeasts as live vehicles to carry out bioconversion directly in the digestive environment is an important challenge for the development of innovative biodrugs. A system that mimics the human gastrointestinal tract was combined with a computer simulation to evaluate the survival...
article 2003
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Venema, K. (author), Maathuis, A.J.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method was developed for the identification of isolates of Bifidobacterium at the species level. Using two Bifidobacterium-specific primers directed against the 16S ribosomal gene (Bif164 and Bif662), a PCR product was obtained from the type strains of 12 different bifidobacterial species that have been...
article 2003
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Verwei, M. (author), Arkbåge, K. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Witthöft, C. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Dairy products are a potential matrix for folate fortification to enhance folate consumption in the Western world. Milk folate-binding proteins (FBP) are especially interesting because they seem to be involved in folate bioavailability. In this study, folate bioaccessibility was investigated using a dynamic computer-controlled gastrointestinal...
article 2003
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Oomen, A.G. (author), Tolls, J. (author), Sips, A.J.A.M. (author), Groten, J.P. (author)
Children might be exposed substantially to contaminants such as lead via soil ingestion. In risk assessment of soil contaminants there is a need for information on oral bioavailability of soilborne lead. Oral bioavailability can be seen as the result of four steps: (1) soil ingestion; (2) mobilization from soil during digestion, i.e.,...
article 2003
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Arkbåge, K. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Witthöft, C. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Milk products are only moderate sources of folate. Nevertheless, they are of interest due to their content of folate-binding proteins (FBP), which in some studies have been reported to increase folate bioavailability. The effect of FBP on folate bioavailability has been widely discussed. The aim of this study was to investigate the...
article 2003
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Avantaggiato, G. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Visconti, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
A novel approach is presented herein to study the intestinal absorption of mycotoxins by using a laboratory model that mimics the metabolic processes of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of healthy pigs. This model was used to evaluate the small-intestinal absorption of zearalenone from contaminated wheat (4.1 mg/kg) and the effectiveness of...
article 2003
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TNO BIBRA (author), Edwards, C.A. (author), Rumney, C. (author), Davies, M. (author), Parrett, A.M. (author), Dore, J. (author), Martin, F. (author), Schmitt, J. (author), Stahl, B. (author), Norin, E. (author), Midtvedt, T. (author), Rowland, I.R. (author), Heavey, P. (author), Köhler, H. (author), Stocks, B. (author), Schroten, H. (author)
Objectives: Bacterial colonization of the infant gut may have important influences on the development of gastrointestinal, respiratory, and allergic disease. Early diet is a major determinant of the gut microflora. It is very difficult to carry out studies in human infants that can investigate the interaction of diet, flora, and mucosa. In this...
article 2003
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Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
For the safety evaluation of genetically engineered crops, the potential allergenicity of the newly introduced protein(s) has become an important issue. There is, however, no universal and reliable test system for the evaluation of the allergic sensitizing ability of food proteins. Therefore, there is a growing interest in the development of...
article 2002
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Dallinga, J.W. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Tenfelde, A. (author), Moonen, E.J.C. (author), Vermeer, I.T.M. (author), van Doorn, D. (author), Schothorst, R.C. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The thermal energy analyser (TEA) is considered to be the gold standard for the determination of nitrosamines. However, since many laboratories cannot justify the use of such a very specific detection system, alternative detection methods are useful. While standard gas chromatography (GC) detectors lack the selectivity of the TEA detector, mass...
article 2001
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Krul, C.A.M. (author), Luiten-Schuite, A. (author), Baan, R. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), Mohn, G. (author), Feron, V. (author), Havenaar, R. (author)
The TNO gastro-Intestinal tract Model (TIM) is a dynamic computer-controlled in vitro system that mimics the human physiological conditions in the stomach and small intestine. In the current TIM physiological parameters such as pH, temperature, peristaltic movements, secretion of digestion enzymes, bile and pancreatic juices, and absorption of...
article 2000
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Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author)
We developed an oral sensitization protocol for food proteins for the rat. Young Brown Norway (BN) rats were exposed to 1 mg ovalbumin (OVA) by daily gavage dosing for 42 days without the use of an adjuvant. OVA-specific IgE and IgG responses were determined by ELISA. On an oral challenge with OVA some clinical symptoms of food allergy-like...
article 1999
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de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bär, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of 14C-labeled γ-cyclodextrin ([14C]γ-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In experiment 1, [14C]γ-CD (25 μCi, 600 mg/kg body wt) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In experiment 2, [14C]γ- CD (25 μCi, 1000 mg/kg body wt)...
article 1998
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van Dokkum, W. (author), Wesstra, A. (author), Luyken, R. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
Twelve young men were given for periods of 20 d, each of three mixed diets, namely a low-protein (LP) diet (9% total energy as protein, 67% of animal origin), a high-animal-protein (HA) diet (16% total energy as protein, 67% of animal origin) and a high-vegetable-protein (HV) diet (16% total energy as protein, 67% of vegetable origin). Retention...
article 1986
Searched for: subject:"Digestive%5C+System"
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