Searched for: subject:"Diffusion"
(1 - 20 of 160)

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Hussein, A. (author), Krom, A.H.M. (author), Dey, P. (author), Sunnardianto, G.K. (author), Moultos, O.A. (author), Walters, C.L. (author)
article 2021
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Wassing, B.B.T. (author), Gan, Q. (author), Candela, T. (author), Fokker, P.A. (author)
Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) involve hydraulic stimulation of the permeability of deep low-permeable rock formations. This causes the reactivation and opening of pre-existing natural fracture networks and the formation of new fractures. During hydraulic stimulation, injection pressures at the bottom of the injection well can reach...
article 2021
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Yamaguchi, S. (author), van Aken, B.B. (author), Stodolny, M.K. (author), Loffler, J. (author), Masuda, A. (author), Ohdaira, K. (author)
System voltages can cause significant degradation in photovoltaic modules. Polarization-type potential-induced degradation (PID) is accompanied by decreases in the short-circuit current density and the open-circuit voltage. The system voltage causes a polarization and surface charge accumulation, increasing the interface recombination. The...
article 2021
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van Eijk, L.E. (author), Binkhorst, M. (author), Bourgonje, A.R. (author), Offringa, A.K. (author), Mulder, D.J. (author), Bos, E.M. (author), Kolundzic, N. (author), Abdulle, A.E. (author), van der Voort, P.H.J. (author), Olde Rikkert, M.G.M. (author), van der Hoeven, J.G. (author), den Dunnen, W.F.A. (author), Hillebrands, J.L. (author), van Goor, H. (author)
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), continues to spread globally despite the worldwide implementation of preventive measures to combat the disease. Although most COVID-19 cases are characterised by a mild, self-limiting disease course, a considerable subset of patients...
article 2021
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Coert, R.M.H. (author), Timmis, J.K. (author), Boorsma, A (author), Pasman, W.J. (author)
Background: Conventional clinical trials are essential for generating high-quality evidence by measuring the efficacy of interventions in rigorously controlled clinical environments. However, their execution can be expensive and time-consuming. In addition, clinical trials face several logistical challenges regarding the identification,...
article 2021
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Gawlinska-Necek, K. (author), Socha, R.P. (author), Balawender, P. (author), Stodolny, M.K. (author), van Aken, B.B. (author), Starowicz, Z. (author), Panek, P. (author)
In this article, we present the results of aging tests of silicon photovoltaic modules with a copper-containing electrode deposited in one-step screen printing method. For front metallization, a mixture of commercial silver paste with copper filler was used, where copper constituted 30% of total paste volume. The filler is based on copper...
article 2021
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van Soestbergen, M. (author), Herrmann, A. (author), Erich, S.J.F. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
The diffusivity of substances, such as moisture, through polymer composites is often described by an effective macroscopic quantity, even though microscopically the diffusivity might be far from uniform. In this work, we study the theoretical example of a permeable matrix containing equal-sized impermeable spheres. We assume that, due to...
article 2021
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Broers, W. (author), Vasseur, V. (author), Kemp, R. (author), Abujidi, N. (author), Vroon, Z. (author)
The implementation of residential photovoltaics must increase more rapidly to combat climate change and its impacts. This challenge is addressed in this study by introducing a segmentation model in order to develop a theoretical and empirical foundation for understanding the heterogeneity of potential adopters. Data were collected by means of a...
article 2021
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van den Dries, M.A. (author), Lamballais, S. (author), El Marroun, H. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Spaan, S. (author), Ferguson, K.K. (author), Longnecker, M.P. (author), Tiemeier, H. (author), Guxens, M. (author)
Background: Prenatal exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides associate with impaired neurodevelopment in humans and animal models. However, much uncertainty exists about the brain structural alterations underlying these associations. The objective of this study was to determine whether maternal OP pesticide metabolite concentrations in urine...
article 2020
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Riedel-Lyngskær, N. (author), Santamaría Lancia, A.A. (author), Plag, F. (author), Kröger, I. (author), Vogt, M.R. (author), Schinke, C. (author), Davidsen, R.S. (author), Amdemeskel, M. (author), Jansen, M.J. (author), Manshanden, P. (author), Slooff-Hoek, L.H. (author), Carr, A.J. (author), Bliss, M. (author), Betts, T. (author), Mayo, M.E. (author), Jauregui, I.P. (author), Balenzategui, J.L (author), Roldan, R. (author), Bellenda, G. (author), Caccivio, M. (author), Kräling, U. (author), Neuberger, F. (author), Zirzow, D. (author), Crimmins, J. (author), Robinson, C. (author), King, B. (author), Teasdale, W. (author), Kedir, C. (author), Watts, J. (author), Desharnais, R. (author), Poulsen, P.B. (author), Jakobsen, M.L. (author), dos Reis Benatto, G.A. (author)
This paper presents the results from an extensive interlaboratory comparison of angular-dependent measurements on encapsulated photovoltaic (PV) cells. Twelve international laboratories measure the incident angle modifier of two unique PV devices. The absolute measurement agreement is ±2.0% to the weighted mean for angles of incidence (AOI) < 65...
article 2020
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Aninat, R. (author), van den Bruele, F.J. (author), Tinnemans, P. (author), Schermer, J.J. (author), Emmelkamp, J. (author), Vlieg, E. (author), Theelen, M. (author), van der Vleuten, M. (author), Linden, H. (author)
A custom-made, highly versatile and industrially-relevant selenisation furnace with in situ XRD capabilities is presented. Mimicking an RD scale furnace used in our baseline at TNO/Solliance, it uses only elemental chalcogens and gives control over a wide set of process parameters not accessible in commercial setups. It additionally allows fast...
conference paper 2020
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van der Vleuten, M. (author), Theelen, M. (author), Aninat, R. (author), van der Werf, K. (author), Mannetje, H. (author), Reyes-Figueroa, P. (author), Kodalle, T. (author), Klenk, R. (author), Simor, M. (author), Linden, H. (author)
In order to control the bandgap profile of CIGSe absorbers, several key parameters of the absorber formation process have been investigated using semi-industrial 30×30 cm2 chalcogenization equipment. It was found that the degree of gallium-indium interdiffusion depends on the thermal budget of the process and on the selenium vapor pressure at...
conference paper 2020
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Grillo, F. (author), Soethoudt, J. (author), Marques, E.A. (author), de Martin, L. (author), van Dongen, K. (author), van Ommen, J.R. (author), Delabie, A. (author)
article 2020
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Kazemi, N. (author), Danilov, D.L. (author), Haverkate, L.A. (author), Dudney, N.J. (author), Unnikrishnan, S. (author), Notten, P.H.L. (author)
Thin-film Solid-State Batteries (TFSSB) is one of most promising and quickly developing fields in modern electrochemical energy storage. Modeling these devices is interesting from theoretical and practical point of view. This paper represents a simulation approach for TFSSB which overcome a major drawback of available mathematical models, i.e....
article 2019
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Mirahmadi, F. (author), Koolstra, J.H. (author), Fazaeli, S. (author), Lobbezoo, F. (author), van Lenthe, G.H. (author), Snabel, J. (author), Stoop, R. (author), Everts, V. (author)
Nutrition of articular cartilage relies mainly on diffusion and convection of solutes through the interstitial fluid due to the lack of blood vessels. The diffusion is controlled by two factors: steric hindrance and electrostatic interactions between the solutes and the matrix components. Aging comes with changes in the cartilage structure and...
article 2019
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Voogt, B. (author), Huinink, H. (author), Erich, S.J.F. (author), Scheerder, J. (author), Venema, P. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
GARField 1H NMR relaxometry experiments were done to study the drying process of two latices with different polymer Tg and to elucidate water mobility behavior during this process. It was found that the hard type latex, with a polymer Tg above room temperature, dries faster than the soft type latex, with a polymer Tg below room temperature....
article 2018
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Gezici-Koç, Ö. (author), Erich, S.J.F. (author), Huinink, H.P. (author), van der Ven, L.G.J. (author), Adan, O.C.G. (author)
An important reason to apply coatings on wood is to protect wood against moisture. As a result of regulations and ecological concerns, there has been a shift towards waterborne coatings, which make coatings intrinsically more sensitive to water. As a consequence of the higher sensitivity to water, the durability of both wood and coatings can be...
article 2018
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Visser, J.H.M. (author)
The lack of resistance models to determine the penetration of airborne chlorides into the concrete makes service-life prediction hardly possible for concrete structures exposed to chlorides, something badly needed as airborne chlorides can lead to severe bar corrosion even at 10 km (6 miles) from the sea. Predicting chloride penetration...
conference paper 2018
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van de Weijer, P. (author), Akkerman, H.B. (author), Bouten, P.C.P. (author), Panditha, P. (author), Klaassen, P.J.M. (author), Salem, A. (author)
Side leakage experiments have been performed on the organic interlayer, so-called organic coating for planarization (OCP), in a hybrid thin-film encapsulation (TFE) stack based on two silicon nitride (SiN) barrier layers that was developed for organic light-emitting diodes (OLED). To measure the side leakage into OCP, a metallic Ca thin-film...
article 2018
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Sorescu, A. (author), Sorescu, S.M. (author), Armstrong, W.J. (author), Devoldere, B.P.E. (author)
The interplay between innovation and the stock market has been extensively studied by scholars across all business disciplines. However, one phenomenon remains understudied: the association between innovation and stock market bubbles. Bubbles— defined as rapid increases and subsequent declines in stock prices—have been primarily examined by...
article 2018
Searched for: subject:"Diffusion"
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