Searched for: subject:"Dietary%5C+Fiber"
(1 - 20 of 45)

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Delzenne, N.M. (author), Olivares, M. (author), Neyrinck, A.M. (author), Beaumont, M. (author), Kjolbaek, L. (author), Larsen, T.M. (author), Benitez-Paez, A. (author), Romani-Perez, M. (author), Garcia-Campayo, V. (author), Bosscher, D. (author), Sanz, Y. (author), van der Kamp, J.W. (author)
The aim of EU project MyNewGut is to contribute to future public health-related recommendations supported by new insight in gut microbiome and nutrition-host relationship. In this Opinion Paper, we first revisit the concept of dietary fiber, taking into account their interaction with the gut microbiota. This paper also summarizes the main...
article 2020
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Koster, S. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Dutman, A.E. (author), van Stee, L.L.P. (author), Munch Nielsen, L. (author), Ronsmans, S. (author), Noteborn, H. (author), Krul, L. (author)
A main challenge in food safety research is to demonstrate that processing of foodstuffs does not lead to the formation of substances for which the safety upon consumption might be questioned. This is especially so since food is a complex matrix in which the analytical detection of substances, and consequent risk assessment thereof, is difficult...
article 2015
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Vogt, L.M. (author), Meyer, D. (author), Pullens, G. (author), Faas, M.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), Ramasamy, U. (author), Schols, H.A. (author), de Vos, P. (author)
Dietary fiber intake is associated with lower incidence and mortality from disease, but the underlying mechanisms of these protective effects are unclear.We hypothesized that β2→1-fructan dietary fibers confer protection on intestinal epithelial cell barrier function via Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), and we studied whether β2→1-fructan chain...
article 2014
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Reimer, R.A. (author), Maathuis, A.J.H. (author), Venema, K. (author), Lyon, M.R. (author), Gahler, R.J. (author), Wood, S. (author)
Many of the health benefits associated with dietary fiber are attributed to their fermentation by microbiota and production of short chain fatty acids (SCFA). The aim of this study was to investigate the fermentability of the functional fiber PolyGlyopleX® (PGX®) in vitro. A validated dynamic, computer-controlled in vitro system simulating the...
article 2014
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Molag, M.L. (author), de Vries, J.H.M. (author), Duif, N. (author), Ocké, M.C. (author), Dagnelie, P.C. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The authors automated the selection of foods in a computer system that compiles and processes tailored FFQ. For the selection of food items, several methods are available. The aim of the present study was to compare food lists made by MOM2, which identifies food items with highest between-person variance in intake of the nutrients of interest...
article 2010
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Rouau, X. (author), Mateo-Anson, N. (author), Barron, C. (author), Chaurand, M. (author), Lullien-Pellerin, V. (author), Mabille, F. (author), Samson, M.-F. (author), Abecassis, J. (author), Hemery, Y. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Wheat bioactive compounds (fibres, minerals, vitamins, antioxidants) are concentrated in grain outer layers, which constitute the bran fraction obtained after the milling process leading to the white flour. In order to improve the health value of the flours, whole grains can be processed or alternatively, bran fractions can be added to white...
article 2010
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van de Vijver, L.P.L. (author), van den Bosch, L.M.C. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: To assess the association of whole-grain and (cereal) fibre intake with body mass index (BMI) and with the risk of being overweight (BMI ≥ 25) or obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg m-2). Subjects: A total of 2078 men and 2159 women, aged 55-69 years, were included in the analysis, after exclusion of subjects with diagnosed cancer or deceased within...
article 2009
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Shi, Y. (author), Xu, X. (author), Zhu, Y. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Verticillium lecanii is an entomopathogen with high potential in biological control of pests. We developed a solid-state fermentation with sugarcane bagasse as carrier absorbing liquid medium to propagate V. lecanii spores. Using statistical experimental design, we optimized the medium composition for spore production. We first used one-factor...
article 2009
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Hamer, H.M. (author), Jonkers, D. (author), Venema, K. (author), Vanhoutvin, S. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Brummer, R.J. (author)
Background: Butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid, is a main end-product of intestinal microbial fermentation of mainly dietary fibre. Butyrate is an important energy source for intestinal epithelial cells and plays a role in the maintenance of colonic homeostasis. Aim: To provide an overview on the present knowledge of the bioactivity of butyrate,...
article 2008
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Slimani, N. (author), Deharveng, G. (author), Unwin, I. (author), Southgate, D.A.T. (author), Vignat, J. (author), Skeie, G. (author), Salvini, S. (author), Parpinel, M. (author), Møller, A. (author), Ireland, J. (author), Becker, W. (author), Farran, A. (author), Westenbrink, S. (author), Vasilopoulou, E. (author), Unwin, J. (author), Borgejordet, Å. (author), Rohrmann, S. (author), Church, S. (author), Gnagnarella, P. (author), Casagrande, C. (author), van Bakel, M. (author), Niravong, M. (author), Boutron-Ruault, M.C. (author), Stripp, C. (author), Tjønneland, A. (author), Trichopoulou, A. (author), Georga, K. (author), Nilsson, S. (author), Mattisson, I. (author), Ray, J. (author), Boeing, H. (author), Ocké, M. (author), Peeters, P.H.M. (author), Jakszyn, P. (author), Amiano, P. (author), Engeset, D. (author), Lund, E. (author), Santucci de Magistris, M. (author), Sacerdote, C. (author), Welch, A. (author), Bingham, S. (author), Subar, A.F. (author), Riboli, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: This paper describes the ad hoc methodological concepts and procedures developed to improve the comparability of Nutrient databases (NDBs) across the 10 European countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). This was required because there is currently no European reference NDB...
article 2007
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van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Diet has been hypothesized to play a role in the etiology of gastrointestinal cancer for a long time. Initially, strong evidence of such effects was found in retrospective epidemiological studies. Dietary habits, in particular those from the distant past, are difficult to measure, however. Results from recent, prospective and larger studies of...
article 2006
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Fässler, C. (author), Arrigoni, E. (author), Venema, K. (author), Hafner, V. (author), Brouns, F. (author), Amadò, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Resistant starch (RS) is known for potential health benefits in the human colon. To investigate these positive effects it is important to be able to predict the amount, and the structure of starch reaching the large intestine. Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to compare two different in vitro models simulating the...
article 2006
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Pasman, W. (author), Wils, D. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To determine the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance of NUTRIOSE®FB in men. Design: A randomized, placebo-contro lled, parallel, double-blind study. Setting: The metabolic ward of TNO Quality of Life. Subjects: Forty-eight subjects started the study: 16 men participated in one of the three treatments. Subjects consumed either 22.5 g of...
article 2006
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Wils, D. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: It is well documented that fermentation of carbohydrates that escape digestion exert several effects supposed to be beneficial for (colonic) health, including an increase in stool volume, a shorter intestinal transit time, production of short chain fatty acids and a decrease of colonic pH (Kritchevsky 1988). NUTRIOSE®FB is a dextrin...
article 2005
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Park, Y. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Bergkvist, L. (author), Berrino, F. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Buring, J.E. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Fuchs, C.S. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Harnack, L. (author), Hartman, A.M. (author), Jacobs, D.R. (author), Kato, I. (author), Krogh, V. (author), Leitzmann, M.F. (author), McCullough, M.L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Pietinen, P. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Schatzkin, A. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A. (author), Zhang, S.M. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Context: Inconsistent findings from observational studies have continued the controversy over the effects of dietary fiber on colorectal cancer. Objective: To evaluate the association between dietary fiber intake and risk of colorectal cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: From 13 prospective cohort studies included in the Pooling Project...
article 2005
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Minekus, M. (author), Jelier, M. (author), Xiao, J.-Z. (author), Kondo, S. (author), Iwatsuki, K. (author), Kokubo, S. (author), Bos, M. (author), Dunnewind, B. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The Addition of a compound that lowers the intestinal uptake of fat and cholesterol might be an interesting strategy to reduce the risk of vascular disease. Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) has been shown to have this effect in healthy volunteers after intake of a yogurt drink with 3 to 6% PHGG. In the present study a yogurt drink with 3%...
article 2005
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Ghrelin plays an important role in the regulation of food intake. Little is known about how ghrelin concentrations are modified by dietary factors. Objective: We examined the effects of both amount and type of carbohydrate on ghrelin concentrations and all correlations among the variables ghrelin, glucose, insulin, leptin, and all 4...
article 2005
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Lina, B.A.R. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The toxicity of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD), a cyclic polymer of six α-1,4-linked glucopyranosyl units with potential applications as a food ingredient, more specifically a water-soluble dietary fiber, was examined in a 4-week range finding study and a 13-week oral toxicity study in rats. In the 4-week study, the test substance was administered to...
article 2004
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Lambert, J. (author), Agostoni, C. (author), Elmadfa, I. (author), Hulshof, K. (author), Krause, E. (author), Livingstone, B. (author), Socha, P. (author), Pannemans, D. (author), Samartín, S. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The objective of this project was to collect and evaluate data on nutrient intake and status across Europe and to ascertain whether any trends could be identified. Surveys of dietary intake and status were collected from across Europe by literature search and personal contact with country experts. Surveys that satisfied a defined set of criteria...
article 2004
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Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Smits-Van Prooije, A.E. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
In a standard embryotoxicity/teratogenicity study, α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) was administered to groups of sixteen, artificially inseminated New Zealand White rabbits at dietary concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20%. An additional group received a diet containing 20% lactose. Treatment started on day 0 of gestation and ended on day 29 when the animals...
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Dietary%5C+Fiber"
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