Searched for: subject:"Diet%5C+supplementation"
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van der Heijden, R.A. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Sheedfar, F. (author), Mulder, P. (author), Schreurs, M. (author), Hommelberg, P.P.H. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Schalkwijk, C. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Tietge, U.J.F. (author), Koonen, D.P.Y. (author), Heeringa, P. (author)
Background. Naturally occurring substances from the flavanol and anthocyanin family of polyphenols have been proposed to exert beneficial effects in the course of obesity. We hypothesized that their effects on attenuating obesity-induced dyslipidemia as well as the associated inflammatory sequelae especially have health-promoting potential....
article 2016
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Ladirat, S.E. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Rahaoui, H. (author), Mars, M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Nauta, A. (author), Schols, H.A. (author)
In the present double-blind, randomised, parallel intervention study, the effects of the intake of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) on the gut microbiota of twelve healthy adult subjects (aged 18-45 years with a normal BMI (18-25 kg/m2)) receiving amoxicillin (AMX) treatment were determined. All the subjects were treated with AMX (375 mg; three...
article 2014
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Verschuren, L. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Tijani, S. (author), Toet, K. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Chronic inflammation and proatherogenic lipids are important risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Specific dietary constituents such as polyphenols and fish oils may improve cardiovascular risk factors and may have a beneficial effect on disease outcomes. We hypothesized that the intake of an antiinflammatory dietary mixture (AIDM)...
article 2011
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Ponstein-Simarro Doorten, A.Y. (author), van de Wiel, J.A.G. (author), Jonker, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tensguard™ is a milk protein hydrolysate containing the lactotripeptide IPP. It is derived from cow's milk, which is present in the human diet and has a safe history of consumption. The final Tensguard™ product, a supplement or a functional food ingredient, is intended for use by people who want to follow a healthy diet and lifestyle in order to...
article 2009
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Plat, J. (author), de Jong, A. (author), Volger, O.L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Mensink, R.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Intestinal absorption of plant sterols and stanols is much lower as compared with that of cholesterol; and therefore, serum concentrations are low. Circulating plant sterols and stanols are incorporated into tissues. However, hardly any data are available about tissue distributions of individual plant sterols and stanols, particularly in...
article 2008
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de Vogel, S. (author), Dindore, V. (author), van Engeland, M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Adequate intake of folate, methionine, riboflavin, and vitamin B-6 may prevent aberrant DNA methylation and thereby protect against colorectal cancer (CRC). However, previous epidemiological studies investigating associations between dietary intakes of these nutrients and CRC have been inconsistent. We investigated the associations between...
article 2008
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He, T. (author), Venema, K. (author), Priebe, M.G. (author), Welling, G.W. (author), Brummer, R.J.M. (author), Vonk, R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Lactose maldigestion and intolerance affect a large part of the world population. The underlying factors of lactose intolerance are not fully understood. In this review, the role of colonic metabolism is discussed, i.e. fermentation of lactose by the colonic microbiota, colonic processing of the fermentation metabolites and how these processes...
article 2008
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Männistö, S. (author), Yaun, S.S. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Adami, H.O. (author), Albanes, D. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Buring, J.E. (author), Cerhan, J.R. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Fuchs, C.S. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Harnack, L. (author), Leitzmann, M. (author), McCullough, M.L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Schatzkin, A. (author), Virtamo, J. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Zhang, S.M. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary carotenoids have been hypothesized to protect against epithelial cancers. The authors analyzed the associations between intakes of specific carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein + zeaxanthin, and lycopene) and risk of colorectal cancer using the primary data from 11 cohort studies carried out in North...
article 2007
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van Vliet, T. (author), Jacobs, R.G.J.M. (author), de Deckere, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), de Bree, A. (author), van der Put, N.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To determine the effect of folic acid, vitamin B6 and B12 fortified spreads on the blood concentrations of these vitamins and homocysteine. Design and setting: A 6-week randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel trial carried out in a clinical research center. Subjects: One hundred and fifty healthy volunteers (50% males...
article 2007
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Nikolsky, Y. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Smith, G.J. (author), Kaznacheev, V. (author), Nikolskaya, T. (author), Melnikov, A. (author), Hurt-Camejo, E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Increased dietary cholesterol intake is associated with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis development requires a lipid and an inflammatory component. It is unclear where and how the inflammatory component develops. To assess the role of the liver in the evolution of inflammation, we treated ApoE* 3Leiden mice with cholesterol-free ...
article 2007
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Gao, K. (author), Xu, A. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), Liu, Y. (author), Niu, Y. (author), Lu, J. (author), Bensoussan, L. (author), Seeram, N.P. (author), Heber, D. (author), Henning, S.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary flavonoids are poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Colonic bacteria convert flavonoids into smaller phenolic acids (PA), which can be absorbed into the circulation and may contribute to the chemopreventive activity of the parent compounds. The purpose of our study was to determine whether flavonoids from green and black tea ...
article 2006
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Dihal, A.A. (author), de Boer, V.C.J. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Tilburgs, C. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effect of the flavonoid quercetin and its conjugate rutin was investigated on (biomarkers of) colorectal cancer (CRC). Male F344 rats (n = 42/group) were fed 0, 0.1, 1, or 10 g quercetin/kg diet or 40 g rutin/kg diet. Two wk after initial administration of experimental diets, rats were given 2 weekly subcutaneous injections with 15 mg/kg...
article 2006
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Pasman, W. (author), Wils, D. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To determine the gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance of NUTRIOSE®FB in men. Design: A randomized, placebo-contro lled, parallel, double-blind study. Setting: The metabolic ward of TNO Quality of Life. Subjects: Forty-eight subjects started the study: 16 men participated in one of the three treatments. Subjects consumed either 22.5 g of...
article 2006
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Duivenvoorden, I. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The prevalence of dyslipidemia and obesity resulting from excess energy intake and physical inactivity is increasing. The liver plays a pivotal role in systemic lipid homeostasis. Effective, natural dietary interventions that lower plasma lipids and promote liver health are needed. Objective: Our goal was to determine the effect of...
article 2006
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Markus, C.R. (author), Jonkman, L.M. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Deutz, N.E.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Brain serotonin function has been implicated in the control of sleep and sleep related memory dysfunctions are attributed to deficient brain serotonin activity. Depletion of the serotonin precursor tryptophan reduces brain serotonin function and is found to cause sleep abnormalities and cognitive decline. We hypothesized that enhancing pre-sleep...
article 2006
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Finglas, P.M. (author), de Meer, K. (author), Molloy, A. (author), Verhoef, P. (author), Pietrzik, K. (author), Powers, H.J. (author), van der Straeten, D. (author), Jägerstad, M. (author), Varela-Moreiras, G. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Buttriss, J. (author), Wright, A.J.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the past decade, the understanding of folate bioavailability, metabolism and related health issues has increased, but several problems remain, including the difficulty of delivering the available knowledge to the populations at risk. Owing to the low compliance of taking folic acid supplements, for example, among women of child-bearing age...
article 2006
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Lina, B.A.R. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Suwa, Y. (author), Fujikawa, S. (author), Ishikura, Y. (author), Tsuda, S. (author), Dohnalek, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are natural constituents found in human milk, fish oil or egg yolk. Until recently, infant formulas, though providing the essential fatty acid precursors for these PUFAs, did not contain preformed ARA or DHA. In this study the safety of SUNTGA40S...
article 2006
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Wils, D. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Saniez, M.H. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: It is well documented that fermentation of carbohydrates that escape digestion exert several effects supposed to be beneficial for (colonic) health, including an increase in stool volume, a shorter intestinal transit time, production of short chain fatty acids and a decrease of colonic pH (Kritchevsky 1988). NUTRIOSE®FB is a dextrin...
article 2005
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Verhoef, P. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Olthof, M.R. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: A high plasma concentration of total homocysteine (tHcy) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. A high protein intake and hence a high intake of methionine-the sole dietary precursor of homocysteine-may raise plasma tHcy concentrations. Objectives: We studied whether high intake of protein increases plasma...
article 2005
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de Jong, R.J. (author), Verwei, M. (author), West, C.E. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Siebelink, E. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Castenmiller, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether milk fortified with folic acid enhances the folate status of humans and whether the presence of folate-binding proteins (FBP) in pasteurised milk affects the bioavailability of folic acid from fortified milk. In untreated and pasteurised milk, folate occurs bound to FBP, while FBP is ...
article 2005
Searched for: subject:"Diet%5C+supplementation"
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