Searched for: subject:"Determinants%5C+of%5C+exposure"
(1 - 5 of 5)
document
Franken, R. (author), Shandilya, N. (author), Marquart, H. (author), McNally, K. (author), Fransman, W. (author)
Measured data are generally preferred to modelled estimates of exposure. Grouping and read-across is already widely used and accepted approach in toxicology, but an appropriate approach and guidance on how to use existing exposure measurement data on one substance and work situation for another substance and/or work situation is currently not...
article 2020
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Gorman Ng, M. (author), Semple, S. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), Christopher, Y. (author), Northage, C. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Veroughstraete, V. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author)
Occupational inadvertent ingestion exposure is ingestion exposure due to contact between the mouth and contaminated hands or objects. Although individuals are typically oblivious to their exposure by this route, it is a potentially significant source of occupational exposure for some substances. Due to the continual flux of saliva through the...
article 2012
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Marquart, H. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Goede, H. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Warren, N. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Spaan, S. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There is a large variety of activities in workplaces that can lead to emission of substances. Coding systems based on determinants of emission have so far not been developed. In this paper, a system of Activity Classes and Activity Subclasses is proposed for categorizing activities involving chemical use. Activity Classes share their so-called ...
article 2011
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Fransman, W. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Warren, N. (author), Goede, H. (author), Tielemans, E. (author)
This paper describes the development of the mechanistic model within a collaborative project, referred to as the Advanced REACH Tool (ART) project, to develop a tool to model inhalation exposure for workers sharing similar operational conditions across different industries and locations in Europe. The ART mechanistic model is based on a...
article 2011
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Spaan, S. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Wouters, I.M. (author), Preller, L. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Nij, E.T. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: Workers in many industries are exposed to endotoxins, which may cause adverse health effects. In exposure assessment, information about exposure variability is essential. However, variability in exposure has rarely been investigated for biological agents and more specifically for endotoxin. Therefore, variance components and...
article 2008
Searched for: subject:"Determinants%5C+of%5C+exposure"
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