Searched for: subject:"Determinants"
(1 - 14 of 14)
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Nielen, M.W.F. (author), van Engelen, M.C. (author), Zuiderent, R. (author), Ramaker, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
An emerging trend is recognised in hormone and veterinary drug residue analysis from liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) based screening and confirmation towards accurate mass alternatives such as LC coupled with time-of-flight (TOF), Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) or Fourier transform orbitrap (FT...
article 2007
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Freidig, A.P. (author), Dekkers, S. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Zvinavashe, E. (author), Bessems, J.G.M. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Future EU legislations enforce a fast hazard and risk assessment of thousands of existing chemicals. If conducted by means of present data requirements, this assessment will use a huge number of test animals and will be neither cost nor time effective. The purpose of the current research was to develop methods to increase the acceptability of in...
article 2007
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Jenniskens, Y.M. (author), Koevoet, W. (author), de Bart, A.C.W. (author), Weinans, H. (author), Jahr, H. (author), Verhaar, J.A.N. (author), de Groot, J. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Examine effects of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), transforming growth factor β2 (TGFβ2) and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) on proteoglycan and collagen network and biomechanical properties of the newly formed cartilage matrix. Methods: Bovine articular chondrocytes were cultured in alginate beads for 3 weeks with or without...
article 2006
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Kaijzel, E.L. (author), Koolwijk, P. (author), van Erck, M.G.M. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), de Maat, M.P.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: During wound repair, fibrin acts both as a barrier to prevent blood loss and as a temporary matrix for the invasion and ingrowth of endothelial and tissue cells. A well-controlled angiogenesis process in the fibrinous exudate matrix is crucial for optimal wound healing. The composition and structure of the fibrin matrix are important...
article 2006
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Zuang, V. (author), Alonso, M.A. (author), Botham, P.A. (author), Eskes, C. (author), Fentem, J. (author), Liebsch, M. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2005
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Germolec, D.R. (author), Kashon, M. (author), Nyska, A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Portier, C. (author), Kommineni, C. (author), Johnson, K.A. (author), Luster, M.I. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The accuracy of extended histopathology to detect immunotoxic chemicals in female B6C3F1 mice was evaluated under the auspices of the National Toxicology Program (NTP). A workgroup was formed consisting of four pathologists who conducted extended histopathological evaluation of lymphoid tissues obtained from a subset of NTP toxicology studies,...
article 2004
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de Ligt, R.A.F. (author), van der Klein, P.A.M. (author), von Frijtag Drabbe Künzel, J.K. (author), Lorenzen, A. (author), El Maate, F.A. (author), Fujikawa, S. (author), van Westhoven, R. (author), van den Hoven, T. (author), Brussee, J. (author), Ijzerman, A.P. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Novel 3,8- and 8,9-disubstituted N6-cyclopentyladenine derivatives were synthesised in moderate overall yield from 6-chloropurine. The derivatives were made in an attempt to find a new neutral antagonist with high affinity for adenosine A1 receptors. N6-Cyclopentyl-9- methyladenine (N-0840) was used as a lead compound. Binding affinities of the...
article 2004
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
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Blankvoort, B.M.G. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Geerdink, P. (author), Spenkelink, B. (author), Rodenburg, R.J.T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Despite a ban by the European Union, the use of anabolic steroids and repartitioning agents in cattle is still occasionally observed. Due to continuing improvements in analytical techniques, very low detection limits for individual compounds have been achieved. In response to these developments, cocktails composed of several steroids have been...
article 2003
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van der Schans, G.P. (author), Haring, R. (author), van Dijk- Knijnenburg, H.C.M. (author), Bruijnzeel, P.L.B. (author), den Daas, N.H.G. (author)
An immunochemical assay has been developed to detect oxidative damage in bovine sperm DNA. Sperm DNA contains a large amount of oxidative damage as a result of exposure to exogenous agents, but damage also can caused by normal metabolic processes and the absence of DNA repair in the later stages of spermatogenesis. A freeze-thaw procedure...
article 2000
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Koppelman, S. (author), Knulst, A.C. (author), Koers, W.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Peppelman, H. (author), Vlooswijk, R. (author), Pigmans, I. (author), van Duijn, G. (author), Hessing, M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Hazelnuts are widely used in the food industry owing to their nutritive value and taste. The amount of hazelnut present in a recipe is usually considered as a mark of quality. On the other hand, contamination of foods that normally do not contain hazelnuts is a threat for patients with a hazelnut allergy. For this reason, the availability of a...
article 1999
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van Puymbroeck, M. (author), Kuilman, M.E.M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Leyssens, T. (author), van der Zande, D.J.M. (author), Gelan, J. (author), Raus, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Current veterinary residue analysis mainly focuses on the monitoring of residues of the administered parent compound. However, it is possible that larger amounts of metabolites are excreted and that they can have a prolonged excretion period. In order to unravel specific metabolic steps and to identify possible biological markers, two in vitro...
article 1998
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Elliott, C.T. (author), Baxter, G.A. (author), Hewitt, S.A. (author), Arts, C.J.M. (author), van Baak, M. (author), Hellenäs, K.-E. (author), Johannson, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The drug salbutamol (SBL) is a β-agonist that may be used illegally as an animal growth promoter. SBL is also a good example of a drug which is excreted in the form of glucuronides and sulfates. Such metabolites cause complexities in analysing for the presence of drug residues. In the majority of cases a process of deconjugation and sample clean...
article 1998
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van den Berg, K.J. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Adult male WAG/Rij/MBL rats were dosed with lead acetate at 0, 4.0, 8.0 or 12.5 mg/kg, 5 days per week for 4 weeks. Animals were assessed prior to exposure, at the end of the 4-week exposure period and after a 2-week recovery period using a functional observational battery (FOB) and motor activity assessment. Rats were sacrificed two weeks after...
article 1996
Searched for: subject:"Determinants"
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