Searched for: subject%3A%22Dermal%255C%2Bexposure%22
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Brouwer, D.H. (author), Kroese, R. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Estimation of dermal exposure in the workplace resulting from contact with contaminated surfaces is important in risk assessment. Models have been developed to describe the process of exposure due to transfer, but for major input parameters - that is, contact area surface and adherence - defaults are used. This study examines the effect of one...
article 1999
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Bos, P.M.J. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author), Stevenson, H. (author), Hoogendoorn, L. (author), Boogaard, P.J. (author), de Kort, W.L.A.M. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective. To evaluate two different techniques for assessing dermal exposure to 4,4'-methylene dianiline (MDA) in a field study. The results were used to test the applicability of a recently proposed quantitative dermal occupational exposure limit (DOEL) for MDA in a workplace scenario. Methods. For two consecutive weeks six workers were...
article 1998
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Bierman, E.P.B. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Knowledge of the level of exposure is important for health risk estimation and risk management. Recently, the occurrence of dermal exposure in many situations has been recognized and estimated to be relevant for worker health. Dermal exposure measurement techniques are therefore needed and several approaches have been taken to assess this type...
article 1998
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van Hemmen, J.J. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The methods for the dermal exposure assessment vary in their complexity and are in some sense complementary to each other. The most easy-to-use methods involve a pseudo-skin-approach, such as gloves and removal by washing. In some cases generic modelling appears to be possible. The experimental methods can indicate and even quantitate the...
article 1995
Searched for: subject%3A%22Dermal%255C%2Bexposure%22
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