Searched for: subject:"Cognition"
(1 - 20 of 897)

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Naafs, J.C. (author), Marchal, J.P. (author), Fliers, E. (author), Verkerk, P.H. (author), Luijten, M.A.J. (author), Boelen, A. (author), van Trotsenburg, A.S.P. (author), Zwaveling-Soonawala, N. (author)
Context: Early treatment of primary congenital hypothyroidism (CH) prevents irreversible brain damage. Contrary to primary CH, outcome studies on central CH are scarce. Most patients with central CH have multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies (MPHD); these patients are also at risk for neonatal hypoglycemia. Objective: To assess cognitive and...
article 2021
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van Stijn, J.J. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), van Teije, A. (author), Vethman, S. (author)
Increasing automation in the healthcare sector calls for a Hybrid Intelligence (HI) approach to closely study and design the collaboration of humans and autonomous machines. Ensuring that medical HI systems' decision-making is ethical is key. The use of Team Design Patterns (TDPs) can advance this goal by describing successful and reusable...
conference paper 2021
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Korteling, J.E. (author), van de Boer-Visschedijk, G.C. (author), Blankendaal, R.A.M. (author), Boonekamp, R.C. (author), Eikelboom, A.R. (author)
AI is one of the most debated subjects of today and there seems little common understanding concerning the differences and similarities of human intelligence and artificial intelligence. Discussions on many relevant topics, such as trustworthiness, explainability, and ethics are characterized by implicit anthropocentric and anthropomorphistic...
article 2021
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Korteling, J.E. (author), Gerritsma, J.Y.J. (author), Toet, A. (author)
Cognitive biases can adversely affect human judgment and decision making and should therefore preferably be mitigated, so that we can achieve our goals as effectively as possible. Hence, numerous bias mitigation interventions have been developed and evaluated. However, to be effective in practical situations beyond laboratory conditions, the...
article 2021
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Nooij, S.A.E. (author), Bockisch, C.J. (author), Bülthoff, H.H. (author), Staumann, D. (author)
Illusory self-motion often provokes motion sickness, which is commonly explained in terms of an inter-sensory conflict that is not in accordance with previous experience. Here we address the influence of cognition in motion sickness and show that such a conflict is not provocative when the observer believes that the motion illusion is indeed...
article 2021
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Piil, J.F. (author), Kingma, B.R.M. (author), Morris, N.B. (author), Christiansen, L. (author), Ioannou, L.G. (author), Flouris, A.D. (author), Nybo, L. (author)
article 2021
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Kingma, B.R.M. (author), Roijendijk, L.M.M. (author), van Maanen, L. (author), van Rijn, H. (author), Beurden, M.H.P.H. (author)
This study investigates the hypotheses that during passive heat stress, the change in perception of time and change in accuracy of a timed decision task relate to changes in thermophysiological variables gastrointestinal temperature and heart rate (HR), as well as subjective measures of cognitive load and thermal perception. Young adult males (N...
article 2021
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Li, A. (author), Chen, Y. (author), van der Sluis, L.W.M. (author), Schuller, A.A. (author), Tjakkes, G.H.E. (author)
BACKGROUND: Systemic effects of periodontal infection may increase the risk of central neuroinflammation, aggravating impaired cognition. This study aims to examine whether systemic inflammatory factors mediate the possible association between periodontal inflammation and cognitive function. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of...
article 2021
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Landman, A. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), van Paassen, M.M.R. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Previous studies show that pilots sometimes make roll reversal errors (RREs) when responding to the aircraft bank angle shown on the attitude indicator (AI). This is suggestive of a perceptual ambiguity in the AI. In the current study, we investigated whether expectation contributes to such misperception. Twenty nonpilots performed tasks in a...
article 2020
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Morgan, P. (author), Macken, B. (author), Toet, A. (author), Bompas, A. (author), Bray, M. (author), Rushton, S. (author), Jones, D. (author)
The ways that extraneous visual and auditory stimuli impair human performance are reviewed with aim of distinguishing those sensory, perceptual and cognitive effects relevant to the design of human-machine systems. Although commonly regarded as disruptive, distractions reflect the adaptability of the organism to changing circumstances. Depending...
article 2020
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Woering, A.A. (author)
report 2020
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van Beurden, M. (author), Brouwer, A.M. (author), van Baardewijk, J.U. (author), Binsch, O. (author), Vermetten, E. (author), Roijendijk, L. (author)
Feedback of physiological responses have a great potential to support virtual training paradigms aimed to increase cognitive task performance under stressful threatening conditions. In the current study, we examined the sensitivity of a range of physiological indicators derived from electrodermal activity (EDA), blood pressure (BP) and heart...
article 2020
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Gjengedal, R.G.H. (author), Reme, S.E. (author), Osnes, K. (author), Lagerveld, S. (author), Blonk, R.W.B. (author), Sandin, K. (author), Berge, T. (author), Hjemdal, O. (author)
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders (CMD) are leading causes of sickness absence. Treatments for CMD that both reduce symptoms and support work participation urgently need to be developed. OBJECTIVE: Determine the potential effects of work-focused therapy combining work interventions with either meta cognitive therapy or cognitive behavioural...
article 2020
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Ward, P. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author), Gore, J. (author), Roth, E.M. (author)
This chapter provides a brief summary of the various communities of practice that have paved the way for current expertise researchers, and are formative of this Handbook. A synopsis follows, detailing how expertise has been defined both historically and in present day. The purpose in this chapter is threefold: To demonstrate the heterogeneity...
bookPart 2020
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Hendriks, H. (author), van de Rest, O. (author), Snippe, A. (author), Kieboom, J. (author), Hogenelst, K. (author)
Long-term alcohol abuse is associated with poorer cognitive performance. However, the associations between light and moderate drinking and cognitive performance are less clear. We assessed this association via cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses in a sample of 702 Dutch students. At baseline, alcohol consumption was assessed using...
article 2020
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van Santen, J. (author), Dröes, R.M. (author), Twisk, J.W.R. (author), Blanson Henkemans, O.A. (author), van Straten, A. (author), Meiland, F.J.M. (author)
Objectives: Physical activity in people with dementia (PwD) may enhance physical and mental functioning. Exergaming, which combines physical exercise with cognitive stimulation in a gaming environment, was developed to overcome barriers in performing physical activities. We evaluated the effects of exergaming in day care centers (DCCs) for PwD...
article 2020
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Bottenheft, C. (author), Brouwer, A.M. (author), Stuldreher, I. (author), Groen, E. (author), van Erp, J. (author)
article 2020
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Aliman, N.M. (author), Kester, L.J.H.M. (author)
conference paper 2020
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van den Bosch, K. (author), Blankendaal, R.A.M. (author), Boonekamp, R. (author), Schoonderwoerd, T.A.J. (author)
Simulators and games provide contextually rich environments, enabling learners to experience the relations between actions, events and outcomes. In order to be effective, learning situations need to be tailored to the needs of the individual learner. Virtual characters (or agents) that, in real time, select, adapt, and exhibit the behavior that...
conference paper 2020
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Aliman, N.M. (author), Elands, P.J.M. (author), Hürst, W. (author), Kester, L.J.H.M. (author), Thérrison, K.R. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author), Yampolskiy, R. (author), Ziesche, S. (author)
The complex socio-technological debate underlying safetycritical and ethically relevant issues pertaining to AI development and deployment extends across heterogeneous research subfields and involves in part conflicting positions. In this context, it seems expedient to generate a minimalistic joint transdisciplinary basis disambiguating the...
conference paper 2020
Searched for: subject:"Cognition"
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