Searched for: subject:"Chicken"
(1 - 20 of 45)

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Klueber, J. (author), Costa, J. (author), Randow, S. (author), Codreanu-Morel, F. (author), Verhoeckx, K. (author), Bindslev-Jensen, C. (author), Ollert, M. (author), Hoffmann-Sommergruber, K. (author), Morisset, M. (author), Holzhauser, T. (author), Kuehn, A. (author)
Background: Novel foods may provide new protein sources for a growing world population but entail risks of unexpected food-allergic reactions. No guidance on allergenicity assessment of novel foods exists, while for genetically modified (GM) crops it includes comparison of sequence identity with known allergens, digestibility tests and IgE serum...
article 2020
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Gallocchio, F. (author), Biancotto, G. (author), Cibin, V. (author), Losasso, C. (author), Belluco, S. (author), Peters, R. (author), van Bemmel, G. (author), Cascio, C. (author), Weigel, S. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Gobbo, F. (author), Catania, S. (author), Ricci, A. (author)
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are of interest due to their antimicrobial activity and are seen as potential candidates to replace antibiotics in animal husbandry. A few studies have focused on this new application, but they lack any considerations about residual accumulation of AgNPs in edible animal tissues and animal products. In this research,...
article 2017
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de Oliveira, J.E. (author), van der Hoeven-Hangoor, E. (author), van de Linde, I.B. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), van der Vossen, J.M.B.M. (author)
The feasibility of establishing probiotic bacteria in the intestine of broiler chickens by in ovo inoculation was investigated, followed by verifying possible subsequent protection against Salmonella Enteriditis infection. In a first study, 7 commercially available probiotics were screened for compatibility with in ovo inoculation. Two of these...
article 2014
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Molhoek, E.M. (author), van Dijk, A. (author), Veldhuizen, E.J.A. (author), Haagsman, H.P. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author)
Staphylococcus epidermidis is a major cause of nosocomial infections owing to its ability to form biofilms on the surface of medical devices. Biofilms are surface-adhered bacterial communities. In mature biofilms these communities are encased in an extracellular matrix composed of bacterial polysaccharides, proteins and DNA. The antibiotic...
article 2011
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Molhoek, E.M. (author), van Dijk, A. (author), Veldhuizen, E.J.A. (author), Haagsman, H.P. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author)
A truncated version of host defense peptide chicken cathelicidin-2, C1-15, possesses potent, broad spectrum antibacterial activity. A variant of this peptide, F2,5,12W, which contains 3 phenylalanine to tryptophan substitutions, possesses improved antibacterial activity and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) neutralizing activity compared to C1-15. In...
article 2011
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Huber, M. (author), van de Vijver, L.P.L. (author), Parmentier, H. (author), Savelkoul, H. (author), Coulier, L. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Verheij, E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Nierop, D. (author), Hoogenboom, R.A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Consumers expect organic products to be healthier. However, limited research has been performed to study the effect of organic food on health. The present study aimed to identify biomarkers of health to enable future studies in human subjects. A feeding experiment was performed in two generations of three groups of chickens differing in immune...
article 2010
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Schutte, K. (author), Prinsen, M.K. (author), McNamee, P.M. (author), Roggeband, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Eye irritation is an important endpoint in the safety evaluation of consumer products and their ingredients. Several in vitro methods have been developed and are used by different industry sectors to assess eye irritation. One such in vitro method in use for some time already is the isolated chicken eye test (ICE). This investigation focuses on...
article 2009
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Kudryashova, E.V. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
The possibility of modulating the mesoscopic properties of food colloidal systems by the dielectric constant is studied by determining the impact of small amounts of ethanol (10%) on the adsorption of egg white ovalbumin onto the air-water interface in the absence and presence of pectin. The adsorption kinetics was monitored using tensiometry....
article 2008
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de Groot, J. (author), Kosters, H.A. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the influence of the carbohydrate-moiety of ovalbumin on the formation of the heat-stable conformer S-ovalbumin, ovalbumin is deglycosylated with PNGase-F under native conditions. Although the enzymatic deglycosylation procedure resulted in a complete loss of the ability to bind to Concavalin A column-material, only in about 50% the...
article 2007
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Wierenga, P.A. (author), Kosters, H. (author), Egmond, M.R. (author), Voragen, A.G.J. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The stability of adsorbed protein layers against deformation has in literature been attributed to the formation of a continuous gel-like network. This hypothesis is mostly based on measurements of the increase of the surface shear elasticity with time. For several proteins this increase has been attributed to the formation of intermolecular...
article 2006
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de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), Wierenga, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There is an ongoing debate about whether a protein surface film at an air-water interface can be regarded as a gelled layer. There is literature reporting that such films show macroscopic fracture behavior and a rheology comparable to three-dimensional protein bulk-networks. If this is the case, a complete description of the formation of...
article 2006
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Kudryashova, E.V. (author), Visser, A.J.W.G. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this study the relation between the ability of protein self-association and the surface properties at air-water interfaces is investigated using a combination of spectroscopic techniques. Three forms of chicken egg ovalbumin were obtained with different self-associating behavior: native ovalbumin, heat-treated ovalbumin-being a cluster of 12...
article 2005
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Eskes, C. (author), Bessou, S. (author), Bruner, L. (author), Curren, R. (author), Harbell, J. (author), Jones, P. (author), Kreiling, R. (author), Liebsch, M. (author), McNamee, P. (author), Pape, W. (author), Prinsen, M.K. (author), Seidle, T. (author), Vanparys, P. (author), Worth, A. (author), Zuang, V. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2005
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Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Protein Digestibility-Corrected Amino Score (PDCAAS) is discussed. PDCAAS is now widely used as a routine assay for protein quality evaluation, replacing the more traditional biological methods [e.g., measurement of the Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER) in rats]. PDCAAS is based on comparison of the essential amino acid content of a test protein...
article 2005
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de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), Kosters, H.A. (author), Kudryashova, E. (author), Meinders, M.B.J. (author), Trofimova, D. (author), Wierenga, P.A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Using a variety of spectroscopic techniques, a number of molecular functionalities have been studied in relation to the adsorption process of proteins to air-water interfaces. While ellipsometry and drop tensiometry are used to derive information on adsorbed amount and exerted surface pressure, external reflection circular dichroism, infrared,...
article 2004
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Kosters, H.A. (author), Broersen, K. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Simons, J.W.F.A. (author), Wierenga, P. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Processing of ovalbumin may result in proteins that differ more than 23°C in denaturation temperature while the structural fold is not significantly affected. This is achieved by 1) conversion of positive residues into negative ones (succinylation); 2) elimination of negative charges (methylation); 3) reducing the proteins hydrophobic exposure ...
article 2003
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Kosters, H.A. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
A number of relevant properties of Woodward's reagent K have been determined, such as the stability of the reactant and the optimal reaction conditions of the reactant with protein carboxylates. A Woodward's reagent K stock solution was stable at 4°C for prolonged time, whereas upon storage at 22°C, almost 20% of the reactive compound was lost...
article 2003
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de Groot, J. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The aim of this work was to study the effect of the formation of more heat-stable conformers of chicken egg ovalbumin during incubation at basic pH (9.9) and elevated temperature (55°C) on the protein aggregation properties at neutral pH. Native ovalbumin (N-OVA) is converted on the hours time-scale into more heat-stable forms denoted I- ...
article 2003
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van der Wielen, P.W.J.J. (author), Biesterveld, S. (author), Notermans, S. (author), Hofstra, H. (author), Urlings, B.A.P. (author), van Knapen, F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
It is known that volatile fatty acids can inhibit growth of species of the family Enterobacteriaceae in vitro. However, whether these volatile fatty acids affect bacterial populations in the ceca of chickens is unknown. Therefore, a study was conducted to investigate if changes in volatile fatty acids in ceca of broiler chickens during growth...
article 2000
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Maassen, C.B.M. (author), van Holten-Neelen, C. (author), Balk, F. (author), den Bak-Glashouwer, M.-J.H. (author), Leer, R.J. (author), Laman, J.D. (author), Boersma, W.J.A. (author), Claassen, E. (author)
Different Lactobacillus strains are frequently used in consumer food products. In addition, recombinant lactobacilli which contain novel expression vectors can now be used in immunotherapeutic applications such as oral vaccination strategies and in T cell tolerance induction approaches for autoimmune disease. Both for food and clinical...
article 2000
Searched for: subject:"Chicken"
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