Searched for: subject%3A%22Car%22
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Janssen, W.H. (author)
This paper starts from the assumption that the accident risk run by traffic participants is under their own voluntary control. It then considers the effects to be expected from incentives given to drivers for having fewer accidents or no accidents at all. On the basis of a simple utility model of drivers' preferred risk levels, expected safety...
article 1990
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Lupker, H.A. (author)
This paper presents a general methodology for calculating the critical velocity of a train part striking the head of a LPG rail tank car. The energy dissipation during the collision is mainly due to collapse of the underframe, plastic deformation of the tank head and friction. The collapse behaviour of a two and four axle underframe is studied...
article 1990
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Verwey, W.B. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
A previous field study concerning electronic navigation aids showed the advantage, in terms of navigational errors, of auditory presentation of route guidance instructions as compared to visual instructions (see W. B. Verwey and W. H. Janssen, 1988). In the present work, an experiment that tries to approach the issue of optimal route...
conference paper 1989
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van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Godthelp, J. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
The limitations of human information processing capabilities are apparent in modern road traffic. Research methods for studying road user behavior range from unobtrusive observations of actual traffic to highly controlled laboratory experiments. Often the incompatibility between controllability and validity makes the choice of a suitable method...
conference paper 1989
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Janssen, W.H. (author), Tenkink, E. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
Risk-taking behavior by drivers is put within the context of a general model of utility maximization by speed choice. It is shown that so-called "risk homeostasis" is possible only under very restrictive conditions. Under more general conditions, risk compensation can occur; that is, the safety effects expected from engineering measures will be...
article 1988
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Godthelp, J. (author), K├Ąppler, W.D. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
The time-to-line-crossing (TLC) concept has been used as a time-related measure to describe driving strategy. The purpose of this research is to analyze whether TLC might enlarge our understanding of the relationship between vehicle handling characteristics and a driver's looking and lateral control strategy in a straight-lane-keeping task....
article 1988
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Miedema, H.M.E. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Nederlands Instituut voor Praeventieve Gezondheidszorg TNO (author)
A study concerning tramway noise is described and results are presented. The study consisted of a social survey and a noise measurement program. It appeared that tramway noise does not contribute to the annoyance of the total noise if tramway annoyance is substantially below road traffic annoyance (one or two points and more on a five-point...
article 1988
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Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author), Godthelp, J. (author)
Based on a preview-predictor model, the time-to-line crossing (TLC) description was developed to quantify the potential role of error-neglecting strategies in driving. In a previous study the usefulness of the TLC concept was illustrated for straight lane keeping. In the present analysis TLC was applied to describe steering through a curve. When...
article 1986
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Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author), Godthelp, J. (author)
This paper presents two experiments in which steering a lane-change manoeuvre is analysed as a precognitive control task. The suggestion that the dependence on instantaneous visual feedback is low during such a task was tested by analysing steering performance under conditions both with and without visual occlusion. Steering force served as the...
article 1985
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Centraal laboratorium TNO (author), Schwippert, G.A. (author), van der Wal, C.W. (author)
article 1967
Searched for: subject%3A%22Car%22
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