Searched for: subject%3A%22Car%22
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Rienstra, S.A. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author), Nijkamp, P. (author)
In this paper four energy scenarios for Westy-European passenger transport are developed. To start with, the present transport system as a base-line case is described and analysed. Next, for each scenario we sketch how the passenger transport system may look like in terms of the use of various existing and future transport technologies and the...
article 2000
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Crone, M.R. (author), Hirasing, R.A. (author), Burgmeijer, R.J.F. (author)
The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of passive smoking in infancy. This was done by self-report questionnaires completed by parents who attended the well-baby clinic in the period February-May 1996. A total of 2720 questionnaires were spread among parents with babies between 1 and 14 months: smoking and non-smoking parents....
article 2000
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Mooi, H.G. (author), Huibers, J.H.A.M. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
A simple two-mass-spring model was developed to describe the dynamics of car-to-car collisions. The characteristics of the spring in this model can be chosen as a piecewise linear function. The model was applied to determine the dynamics of a range of crashes and to compare the dynamics of a car-to-car crash with the dynamics of crash tests....
article 2000
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Punte, P.A.J. (author), Oudenhuijzen, A.J.K. (author)
TNO Human Factors is involved in the process of designing and testing a new concept for driver workplaces in passenger cars, i.e. with a horizontally fixed driver seat and adjustable pedals, steering wheel and instrument panel. This new concept is intended to achieve an interior space and arrangement of instruments that supports the driver task...
conference paper 2000
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Mooi, H.G. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
De auto-industrie maakt momenteel zeer snelle ontwikkelingen door. De consument stelt steeds hogere eisen aan zijn 'heilige koe'; hierbij gaat het niet slechts om luxe eisen zoals wegligging, geruisloosheid en airconditioning, maar ook de veiligheid wordt steeds hoger gewaardeerd. Dit wordt niet in de laatste plaats veroorzaakt doordat dit...
conference paper 1999
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van Winsum, W. (author)
18 Subjects were tested in a simulator to assess whether choice of time headway in car-following is related to individual differences in perceptual-motor skills. Drivers with a larger preferred time headway committed larger steering errors while driving on a winding road and were less accurate in maintaining a constant distance to a lead vehicle...
article 1999
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Hogema, J.H. (author)
Microscopic traffic simulation constitutes a useful method for predicting the effects of new transport telematic systems in road traffic. In such a model, the driver model is a key element describing the dynamic individual driving behavior in relation to the vehicle, the road environment, and other traffic participants. The driver model...
article 1999
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Mooi, H.G. (author), Nastic, T. (author), Huibers, J.H.A.M. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
In this paper simple and more detailed MADYMO multibody models were used to simulate the car structure for improving the car-to-car compatibility of the whole car fleet. As a first step, survey studies were performed to develop a method for the optimization of car design with respect to frontal and side compatibility by means of the optimization...
conference paper 1999
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Samaras, Z. (author), Zachariadis, T. (author), Joumard, R. (author), Vernet, I. (author), Hassel, D. (author), Weber, F.-J. (author), Rijkeboer, R.C. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
This paper presents the first results of a project aimed at evaluation of a number of short tests that can be alternatively used for Inspection and Maintenance of in-use cars emissions performance. For this purpose, a large number of in-use cars from four European countries was tested according to a test protocol that included a wide selection...
article 1998
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Claessens, M.T. (author), van Dijk, N.M. (author), Zwaneveld, P.J. (author), Instituut voor Ruimtelijke Organisatie TNO (author)
We consider the problem of cost optimal railway line allocation for passenger trains for the Dutch railway system. At present, the allocation of passenger lines by Dutch Railways is based on maximizing the number of direct travelers. This paper develops an alternative approach that takes operating costs into account. A mathematical programming...
article 1998
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Molag, M. (author), van der Steen, M. (author), TNO Milieu, Energie en Procesinnovatie TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
LPG is generally considered as a clean fuel for cars in comparison with petrol. Although from an environmentally point of view LPG may be favoured, a further introduction of the use of the fuel is hindered by legislative measures. In some countries cars running on LPG are not allowed to enter public parking garages and tunnels, because of the...
conference paper 1998
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de Coo, P.J.A. (author), Blaauw, G.J. (author), Huijbers, J.J.W. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen Ministry of Transport and Water Management, Transport Research Centre (author)
The European Enhanced Vehicle-Safety Committee (EEVC) established Working Group 14 (WG14) with the task to develop a test procedure and performance standard for energy-absorbing front underrun protection systems for trucks in order to reduce the injuries to car occupants in frontal collisions between passenger cars and trucks. WG14 defined a...
conference paper 1997
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van der Toorn, J.D. (author), Hendriks, H. (author), van den Dool, T.C. (author)
A 10 m high, vertical, synthetic acoustic antenna (Syntacan) has been used to measure the acoustic source strength and the vertical source distribution of a French TGV, as a function of the speed of the train, the frequency of the sound and the coach type (passenger coach, power car). The results are intended as input for calculation schemes and...
article 1996
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de Coo, P.J.A. (author), Langwieder, K. (author), Bäumler, H. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
In 1993 the European Experimental Vehicles Committee (EEVC) has set up Working Group 14 to develop a test procedure for energy-absorbing front underrun protection systems (FUPS) for trucks. For this purpose the working group proposed a research programme, describing a stepwise approach to achieve this objective. This paper reports on the first...
conference paper 1996
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Janssen, E.G. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
In 1987 the European Experimental Vehicles Committee (EEVC) has set up a Working Group 10 with the task to improve an existing proposal for an EC Directive with respect to pedestrian protection and to coordinate the necessary research. This Working Group finalized its activities in 1994. This paper gives a general description and background...
conference paper 1996
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van Winsum, W. (author), Godthelp, J. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The relation between speed choice and steering performance during curve negotiation was studied in a driving simulator. The hypothesis was that curve radius and steering competence both affect steering error during curve driving, resulting in compensatory speed choice. In this, the control of safety margins was assumed to operate as a regulatory...
article 1996
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de Jong, R.G. (author), Miedema, H.M.E. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In the Netherlands a new freight-only railway route, the "Betuweroute", is being planned to carry freight traffic from Rotterdam harbour east into Germany. Inhabitants of areas near the future route are concerned about noise and vibration, and question the relevance of current legislation for a "freight-only" line. An analysis of field surveys,...
article 1996
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Thompson, D.J. (author), Technisch Physische Dienst TNO - TH (author)
article 1996
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Theeuwes, J. (author), Riemersma, J.B.J. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
In Sweden the use of daytime running lights (DRL) was made mandatory on 1 October 1977 for all motor vehicles at once, during all seasons and for all areas. According to a study conducted by Andersson and Nilsson (1981) the introduction of DRL resulted in a reduction of 11% of multiple accidents during daytime. In many discussions on the...
article 1995
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Theeuwes, J. (author), Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The present study investigated the influence of layout factors on the effectiveness of the center high-mounted stop lamp (CHMSL) during day and night conditions. In particular, the study evaluated the effect of a vertical separation between the CHMSL and the horizontal plane of conventional stop lamps and the effect of a single strip of lamps...
article 1995
Searched for: subject%3A%22Car%22
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