Searched for: subject%3A%22Car%22
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Hogema, J.H. (author), Veltman, J.A. (author), van 't Hof, A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management needs knowledge in the area of workload in car driving. This paper describes a study in which the effects of traffic volume, road lighting, and a cognitively loading secondary task on driving behaviour and workload were investigated. In a field experiment, subjects drove a fixed...
bookPart 2005
document
Heederik, D. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Bobbeldijk, I. (author), Preller, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Isocyanate allergy and asthma is an important respiratory disease in most industrialized countries. Little information about its importance is available for the Netherlands. A baseline survey, part of a larger longitudinal epidemiological survey, shows that exposure to mainly HDI monomers and oligomers is present. The respiratory symptoms...
article 2005
document
van 't Hof, A. (author), Hogema, J.H. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
In een veldexperiment op de snelweg vonden we dat de openbare verlichting effect heeft op de diverse werkbelastingsmaten (oogknipperen, stuurinspanning, subjectieve belasting), maar nauwelijks of niet op het rijgedrag
article 2004
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de Croon, E.M. (author), Sluiter, J.K. (author), Blonk, R.W.B. (author), Broersen, J.P.J. (author), Frings-Dresen, M.H.W. (author)
Based on a model that combines existing organizational stress theory and job transition theory, this 2-year longitudinal study examined antecedents and consequences of turnover among Dutch truck drivers. For this purpose, self-reported data on stressful work (job demands and control), psychological strain (need for recovery after work and...
article 2004
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van Hoof, J.F.A.M. (author), van Markwijk, R. (author), Verver, M.M. (author), Furtado, R. (author), Pewinsky, W. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
Two of the main design objectives for car interiors are comfort and safety. These aspects are both determined by the seating position of the occupant. Seat manufacturers use the SAE Three-Dimensional H-Point Machine™ to measure seating positions to design, audit, and benchmark seats. The seating positions measured with the H-Point Machine form...
conference paper 2004
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Hogema, J.H. (author), Veltman, J.A. (author), van 't Hof, A. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The Dutch Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management needs knowledge in the area of workload in car driving. This paper describes a study in which the effects of traffic volume, road lighting, and a cognitively loading secondary task on driving behaviour and workload were investigated. In a field experiment, subjects drove a fixed...
conference paper 2004
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Oudenhuijzen, A.J.K. (author), Tan, T.K. (author), Morsch, F. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
With rising customer expectations, driver comfort will become more and more important for car manufacturers in distinguishing themselves from others. This creates a design challenge, since it is difficult to predict comfort, especially in early design stages. Today, comfort can only be assessed and tested very late during design and construction...
conference paper 2004
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Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), Hogema, J.H. (author), van 't Hof, A. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
conference paper 2004
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TNO Technische Menskunde (author), Vos, J. (author)
In a laboratory study, the annoyance caused by the passby sounds from a magnetic levitation (maglev) train was investigated. The listeners were presented with various sound fragments. The task of the listeners was to respond after each presentation to the question: "How annoying would you find the sound in the preceding period if you were...
article 2004
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Verver, M.M. (author), van Hoof, J.F.A.M. (author), Oomens, C.W.J. (author), van de Wouw, N. (author), Wismans, J.S.H.M. (author)
Objective. This paper describes the prediction of spinal forces in car occupants during vertical vibrations using a numerical multi-body occupant model. Background. An increasing part of the population is exposed to whole body vibrations in vehicles. In literature, vertical vibrations and low back pain are often related to each other. The cause...
article 2003
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Verver, M.M. (author), van Hoof, J.F.A.M. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
Higher demands by people on the performance of vehicles and the comfort-related physical complaints by professional drivers have led to an increasing demand for more comfortable cars. Car manufacturers use comfort as an item to distinguish themselves from their competitors. However, the development and introduction of a new, more-comfortable car...
conference paper 2003
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Vos, J.J. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Background: In the 1920s and 1930s, disability glare was a topic of great interest in the Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage (CIE). The Second World War prevented agreement being reached on a standard to quantify disability glare but the Stiles-Holladay formula was widely accepted as such. In 1983, CIE started a new effort to develop a CIE...
article 2003
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Philippens, M.M.G.M. (author), Zellmer, H. (author), Muser, M. (author), Stamm, M. (author), Walz, F. (author), Hell, W. (author), Langwieder, K. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
The objective of this study is to compare the performance of different seats using the named three dummies in low speed rear-end impact sled tests.
conference paper 2002
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Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author), Weeda, M. (author), den Ouden, A.C.B. (author), de Smidt, R.P. (author), Dijkstra, J.W. (author), Weijers, E.P. (author)
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report 2002
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Schrooten, M. (author), Cassan, F. (author), Trosseille, X. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
Child restraint systems (CRS) for cars are intended to protect children in the case of a car accident. Unfortunately their effectiveness is still too low: in the range 30-50% when it would be expected to be much higher. The low effectiveness of child restraint systems can partly be explained for the youngest passengers by their greater cervical...
conference paper 2001
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Bosma, F. (author), Gaalman, H. (author), Souren, W.H.M. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
To provide protection to pedestrians in collision with passenger vehicles, the design and construction of a vehicle’s bumper, hood and fender panels must be addressed. TNO has undertaken a research project in conjunction with DSM to investigate how this may be done. Vehicle styling, packaging and an analysis led design process will be shown for...
conference paper 2001
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Geerlings, A.C. (author), Thompson, D.J. (author), Verheij, J.W. (author), Technisch Physische Dienst TNO - TH (author)
A promising means of reducing the rolling noise from trains is local shielding in the form of vehicle-mounted shrouds combined with low trackside barriers. This is much less visually intrusive than classic lineside noise barriers. Various experimental methods have been proposed that allow the performance to be assessed under static conditions,...
article 2001
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van Winsum, W. (author), Brookhuis, K.A. (author), de Waard, D. (author), TNO Human Factors Research Institute (author)
Three experiments are presented in which the accuracy of different methods to approximate time-to-line crossing is assessed. In the first experiment TLC was computed, using a trigonometric method, during normal driving while the vehicle stayed in lane. The minima of TLC were compared with two approximations and it was found computing TLC as...
article 2000
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Gense, N.L.J. (author), Rijkeboer, R.C. (author), van de Burgwal, H.C. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
In 1987 TNO Automotive started the execution of a large scale in-use compliance program for passenger cars. The initial goal of the program was: 'Monitoring the emission performance of passenger cars in-use and relating this performance to the situation at type approval'. In the early years the program proved to be very useful for detection of...
conference paper 2000
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Verwey, W.B. (author)
In order to develop a driver-car interface that adapts the presentation of messages generated by in-vehicle information systems to driver workload, two experiments investigated potential determinants of driver visual and mental workload as indicated by performance on two secondary tasks. Experiment 1 suggested that road situation is a major...
article 2000
Searched for: subject%3A%22Car%22
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