Searched for: subject%3A%22Biosynthesis%22
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Tsikas, D. (author), Pham, V.V. (author), Suchy, M.T. (author), van de Ree, M.A. (author), Huisman, M.V. (author), Frölich, J.C. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author)
The present study describes the effects of atorvastatin on whole body synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), prostacyclin (PGI2), and thromboxane A2 (TxA2), on oxidative stress and nitrite/nitrate-related renal carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled parallel...
article 2015
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Mariman, R. (author), Kremer, S.H.A. (author), Koning, F. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author)
Probiotic bacteria express a wide range of molecular structures that bind to receptors on innate immune cells and mediate health-promoting effects in the host. We have recently demonstrated in a colitis model that favourable effects of the probiotic mixture VSL#3 may in part be due to the suppression of intestinal chemokine expression. To obtain...
article 2014
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Franken, A.C.W. (author), Werner, E.R. (author), Haas, H. (author), Lokman, B.C. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), de Weert, S. (author), Punt, P.J. (author)
Heme is a suggested limiting factor in peroxidase production by Aspergillus spp., which are well-known suitable hosts for heterologous protein production. In this study, the role of genes coding for coproporphyrinogen III oxidase (hemF) and ferrochelatase (hemH) was analyzed by means of deletion and overexpression to obtain more insight in...
article 2013
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Franken, A.C. (author), Christien Lokman, B. (author), Ram, A.F. (author), van den Hondel, C.A. (author), de Weert, S. (author), Punt, P.J. (author)
To increase knowledge on haem biosynthesis in filamentous fungi like Aspergillus niger, pathway-specific gene expression in response to haem and haem intermediates was analysed. This analysis showed that iron, 5′-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and possibly haem control haem biosynthesis mostly via modulating expression of hemA [coding for 5′...
article 2012
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Läppchen, T. (author), Vlaming, M.L.H. (author), Custers, E. (author), Lub, J. (author), Sio, C.F. (author), DeGroot, J. (author), Steinbach, O.C. (author)
In recent years, [ 18F]gefitinib PET has successfully been employed for a number of applications ranging from oncology to in vivo studies of drug transporter proteins. We here report a reliable, automated procedure for routine synthesis of this radiotracer on an Eckert and Ziegler modular system. The 3-step radiosynthesis followed by preparative...
article 2012
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Franken, A.C.W. (author), Lokman, B.C. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), de Weert, S. (author)
Heme biosynthesis in fungal host strains has acquired considerable interest in relation to the production of secreted heme-containing peroxidases. Class II peroxidase enzymes have been suggested as eco-friendly replacements of polluting chemical processes in industry. These peroxidases are naturally produced in small amounts by basidiomycetes....
article 2011
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Volkers, R.J.M. (author), Ballerstedt, H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Wery, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pseudomonas putida S12 is well known for its remarkable solvent tolerance. Transcriptomics analysis of this bacterium grown in toluene-containing chemostats revealed the differential expression of 253 genes. As expected, the genes encoding one of the major solvent tolerance mechanisms, the solvent efflux pump SrpABC and its regulatory genes...
article 2009
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van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Lundholm, E. (author), Camejo, G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background and purpose: We have evaluated the effects of a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α/γ agonist on the progression of pre-existing atherosclerotic lesions in APOE*3Leiden.cholesteryl ester transfer protein (E3L.CETP) transgenic mice. Experimental approach: E3L.CETP mice were fed a high-cholesterol diet for 11 weeks to...
article 2009
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Lindeman, J.H.N. (author), Abdul-Hussien, H. (author), Schaapherder, A.F.M. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), von der Thüsen, J.H. (author), Roelen, D.L. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of an AAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm); however, the nature of the inflammatory factors and cellular response(s) involved in AAA growth is controversial. In the present study, we set out to determine the aortic levels of inflammatory cytokines in relation to downstream inflammatory transcription...
article 2008
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Damveld, R.A. (author), Franken, A. (author), Arentshorst, M. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), Klis, F.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To identify cell wall biosynthetic genes in filamentous fungi and thus potential targets for the discovery of new antifungals, we developed a novel screening method for cell wall mutants. It is based on our earlier observation that the Aspergillus niger agsA gene, which encodes a putative a-glucan synthase, is strongly induced in response to...
article 2008
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Wierckx, N.J.P. (author), Ballerstedt, H. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author), Wery, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The unknown genetic basis for improved phenol production by a recombinant Pseudomonas putida S12 derivative bearing the tpl (tyrosine-phenol lyase) gene was investigated via comparative transcriptomics, nucleotide sequence analysis, and targeted gene disruption. We show upregulation of tyrosine biosynthetic genes and possibly decreased...
article 2008
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Verbeek, R. (author), van der Mark, K. (author), Wawrousek, E.F. (author), Plomp, A.C. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tolerance induction to prevent activation of a naïve T-cell repertoire has been well documented in rodents and can be readily achieved by intravenous, oral or intranasal administration of antigen in the absence of adjuvants. In autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) the presence of an established memory/effector T-cell repertoire...
article 2007
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Kitayama, K. (author), Nakai, D. (author), Kono, K. (author), van der Hoop, A.G. (author), Kurata, H. (author), de Wit, E.C. (author), Cohen, L.H. (author), Inaba, T. (author), Kohama, T. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
1-{7-[(1-(3,5-Diethoxyphenyl)-3-{[(3,5-difluorophenyl)(ethyl)amino]carbo nyl}-4-oxo-1,4-dihydroquinolin-7-yl)oxy]heptyl}-1-methylpiperidinium bromide, R-146224, is a potent, specific ileum apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) inhibitor; concentrations required for 50% inhibition of [3H]taurocholate uptake in human ASBT-expressing...
article 2006
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den Boer, M.A.M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Reiss, P. (author), van der Valk, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Objective - The use of the HIV protease inhibitor ritonavir (RTV) is frequently associated with hypertriglyceridemia and lipodystrophy. The aim of our study was to determine the mechanism underlying the observed hypertriglyceridemia. Methods and Results - Feeding female APOE*3-Leiden transgenic mice a Western-type diet supplemented with RTV (35...
article 2006
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Post, S.M. (author), Groenendijk, M. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Fievet, C. (author), Luc, G. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Staels, B. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - High-density lipoprotein (HDL) plays a key role in protection against development of atherosclerosis by reducing inflammation, protecting against LDL oxidation, and promoting reverse cholesterol transport from peripheral tissues to the liver for secretion into bile. Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (Cyp7a1) catalyzes the rate-limiting step...
article 2006
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Uitterlinden, E.J. (author), Jahr, H. (author), Koevoet, J.L.M. (author), Jenniskens, Y.M. (author), Bierma-Zeinstra, S.M.A. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Verhaar, J.A.N. (author), Weinans, H. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author)
Objective: To investigate the effect of glucosamine (GlcN) in a human osteoarthritic explant model on expression of genes involved in anabolic and catabolic activities of chondrocytes. Methods: Human osteoarthritic explants, obtained during knee arthroplasty surgery, were pre-cultured (3 days) and treated with glucosamine-hydrochloride (GlcN-HCl...
article 2006
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Maraschin, S.F. (author), de Priester, W. (author), Spaink, H.P. (author), Wang, M. (author)
Embryogenesis in plants is a unique process in the sense that it can be initiated from a wide range of cells other than the zygote. Upon stress, microspores or young pollen grains can be switched from their normal pollen development towards an embryogenic pathway, a process called androgenesis. Androgenesis represents an important tool for...
article 2005
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Nijkamp, K. (author), van Luijk, N. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), Wery, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
A Pseudomonas putida S12 strain was constructed that efficiently produced thefine chemical cinnamic acid from glucose or glycerol via the central metabolite phenylalanine. The gene encoding phenylalanine ammonia lyase from the yeast Rhodosporidium toruloides was introduced. Phenylalanine availability was the main bottleneck in cinnamic acid...
article 2005
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te Biesebeke, R. (author), Levin, A. (author), Sagt, C. (author), Bartels, J. (author), Goosen, T. (author), Ram, A. (author), van den Hondel, C. (author), Punt, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aspergillus oryzae requires polarized growth for colonization of solid substrates, and this growth phenotype differs from that seen in liquid medium. Various experimental approaches were used to identify genes that are differentially expressed when A. oryzae is grown on wheat kernels and in a wheat-based liquid medium. Hybridization of A. oryzae...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Gerritsen, G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Kypreos, K.E. (author), Zannis, V.I. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author)
Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of human apolipoprotein E (apoE) induces hyperlipidemia by stimulating the VLDL-triglyceride (TG) production rate and inhibiting the LPL-mediated VLDL-TG hydrolysis rate. Because apoC-III is a strong inhibitor of TG hydrolysis, we questioned whether Apoc3 deficiency might prevent the hyperlipidemia induced by...
article 2005
Searched for: subject%3A%22Biosynthesis%22
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