Searched for: subject:"Biochemistry"
(1 - 20 of 86)

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Westerhout, J. (author), Krone, T. (author), Snippe, A. (author), Babé, L. (author), McClain, S.U. (author), Ladics, G.S. (author), Houben, G.G. (author), Verhoeckx, K.C. (author)
Alternative and sustainable protein sources (e.g., algae, duckweed, insects) are required to produce (future) foods. However, introduction of new food sources to the market requires a thorough risk assessment of nutritional, microbial and toxicological risks and potential allergic responses. Yet, the risk assessment of allergenic potential of...
article 2019
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Krul, L. (author), Kremer, B.H.A. (author), Lucas Luijckx, N.B. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author)
The EU Food Supplements Directive (2002/46/EC) mandates the determination of both maximum and minimum permitted levels (MPLs) for micronutrients. In order to determine MPLs which are feasible for particular population groups, a scientific approach should be used in which risk of high intake, risk of inadequacy and benefits are assessed in an...
article 2017
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Prodan, A. (author), Brand, H.S. (author), Ligtenberg, A.J.M. (author), Imangaliyev, S. (author), Tsivtsivadze, E. (author), van der Weijden, F. (author), Crielaard, W. (author), Keijser, B.J.F. (author), Veerman, E.C.I. (author)
A cross-sectional observational study was conducted to evaluate interindividual biochemical variation in unstimulated whole saliva in a population of 268 systemically healthy young students, 18-30 yr of age, with no apparent caries lesions or periodontal disease. Salivary flow rate, protein content, pH, buffering capacity, mucins MUC5B and MUC7,...
article 2015
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Walczak, A.P. (author), Hendriksen, P.J.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), van der Zande, M. (author), Undas, A.K. (author), Helsdingen, R. (author), van den Berg, H.H.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Bouwmeester, H. (author)
The likelihood of oral exposure to nanoparticles (NPs) is increasing, and it is necessary to evaluate the oral bioavailability of NPs. In vitro approaches could help reducing animal studies, but validation against in vivo studies is essential. Previously, we assessed the translocation of 50 nm polystyrene NPs of different charges (neutral,...
article 2015
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Kong, H. (author), Wang, M. (author), Venema, K. (author), Maathuis, A. (author), van der Heijden, R. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Xu, G. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A high-performance liquid chromatography-high resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (HPLC-FTICR-MS) method was developed to investigate the metabolism of ginsenosides in in vitro models of the gastro-intestinal tract. The metabolites were identified by high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry. Degradation and...
article 2009
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Vink, J.P.M. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The speciation of heavy metals was measured over a variety of natural and undisturbed water/sediment interfaces. Simultaneously, two benthic species (oligochaete Limnodrilus spp. and the midge Chironomus riparius) were exposed to these sediments. Under occurring redox conditions, free ion activities of trace metals Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn were...
article 2009
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Frewer, L.J. (author), Davies, O.H. (author), van Rijswijk, W. (author), Lucas Luijckx, N.B. (author), Ward, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The modified European Food Law (General Food Law) has been emphasizing on the need to increase consumer confidence through implementation of regulatory measures focused on increased traceability in food chain. The implementation of effective traceability systems can provide the basis of communication between actors in the production chain, and...
article 2008
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Weelink, S.A.B. (author), Tan, N.C.G. (author), ten Broeke, H. (author), van den Kieboom, C. (author), van Doesburg, W. (author), Langenhoff, A.A.M. (author), Gerritse, J. (author), Junca, H. (author), Stams, A.J.M. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A bacterium, strain BC, was isolated from a benzene-degrading chlorate-reducing enrichment culture. Strain BC degrades benzene in conjunction with chlorate reduction. Cells of strain BC are short rods that are 0.6 μm wide and 1 to 2 μm long, are motile, and stain gram negative. Strain BC grows on benzene and some other aromatic compounds with...
article 2008
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Urbanus, J. (author), Roelands, C.P.M. (author), ter Horst, J.H. (author), Verdoes, D. (author), Jansens, P.J. (author), TNO Industrie (author)
In Situ Product Recovery (ISPR) applied in fermentation processes leads to improved yield and productivity of these processes. In principle, ISPR can be achieved using Template Induced Crystallization (TIC), which is one possible ISPR technique. With TIC, templates are added to the solution as a specific surface upon which the solute preferably...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, the effect of airway irritation by synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) on respiratory allergy to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was studied. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically sensitized on day 0 and on day 7,...
article 2008
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Intema, F. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Elshof, B. (author), Vianen, M.E. (author), Yocum, S. (author), Zuurmond, A. (author), Mastbergen, S.C. (author), Lafeber, F.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In studies aimed at local treatment of experimental osteoarthritis (OA) it is optimal to have an internal (untreated) OA control. Such an approach excludes interanimal variation, and allows paired statistical evaluation of treatment efficacy. For this purpose, we developed and characterized a bilateral version of the canine Groove model. We...
article 2008
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Noort, D. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van der Schans, M.J. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
We present a generic mass spectrometric method to verify exposure to organophosphates, based on the chemical conversion of the phosphylated peptides obtained after pepsin digestion of human butyrylcholinesterase (HuBuChE) to a common precursor peptide. After exposure of plasma to various organophosphates (nerve agents, pesticides), HuBuChE was...
article 2006
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Kypreos, K.E. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Zannis, V.I. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To identify the residues in the carboxyl-terminal region 260-299 of human apolipoprotein E (apoE) that contribute to hypertriglyceridemia, two sets of conserved, hydrophobic amino acids between residues 261 and 283 were mutated to alanines, and recombinant adenoviruses expressing these apoE mutants were generated. Adenovirus-mediated gene...
article 2005
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van der Harst, M.R. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Kiers, G.H. (author), Brama, P.A.J. (author), van de Lest, C.H.A. (author), van Weeren, P.R. (author)
Objective - To assess whether site-related changes in biochemical composition are present in the cartilage and subchondral and trabecular bone of the metacarpophalangeal joint of horses with early osteoarthritis. Sample population - Right metacarpophalangeal joints from 59 mature warmblood horses. Procedure - Biochemical data (cross-link, amino...
article 2005
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Minekus, M. (author), Jelier, M. (author), Xiao, J.-Z. (author), Kondo, S. (author), Iwatsuki, K. (author), Kokubo, S. (author), Bos, M. (author), Dunnewind, B. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The Addition of a compound that lowers the intestinal uptake of fat and cholesterol might be an interesting strategy to reduce the risk of vascular disease. Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) has been shown to have this effect in healthy volunteers after intake of a yogurt drink with 3 to 6% PHGG. In the present study a yogurt drink with 3%...
article 2005
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Stierum, R. (author), Heijne, W. (author), Kienhuis, A. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Groten, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics are genomics technologies with great potential in toxicological sciences. Toxicogenomics involves the integration of conventional toxicological examinations with gene, protein or metabolite expression profiles. An overview together with selected examples of the possibilities of genomics in toxicology...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Gautier, T. (author), Masson, D. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Pais De Barros, J.P. (author), Duverneuil, L. (author), Le Guern, N. (author), Deckert, V. (author), Dumont, L. (author), Bataille, A. (author), Zak, Z. (author), Jiang, X.C. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Lagrost, L. (author)
ApoCI (apolipoprotein CI) is a potent inhibitor of plasma CETP [CE (cholesteryl ester) transfer protein]. The relevance of apoCI overexpression as a method for CETP blockade in vivo was addressed in the present study in CETPTg/apoCITg mice (mice expressing both human CETP and apoCI). Despite a significant reduction in specific CETP activity in...
article 2005
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Montijn, R. (author), Schuren, F. (author), van Spek, H.D. (author), Keijser, B. (author), Brul, S. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The development of genomics technologies for guiding the predictive modeling of microorganism behavior to make food preservation treatments effective, are discussed. A fully genomewide description of cellular response to environmental conditions lies in the combination of a transcriptome and proteome/metabolome analysis. The predictive models...
article 2004
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Schaap, F.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Vrins, C. (author), van der Vliet, H.N. (author), Chamuleau, R.A.F.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
ApoAV has been discovered recently as a novel modifier of triglyceride (TG) metabolism, but the pathways involved are currently unknown. To gain insight into the function of apoAV, adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of murine apoa5 to C57Bl/6 mice was employed. The injection of low doses of Ad-apoa5 (1-5 x 108 plaque-forming units/mouse) dose...
article 2004
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van der Harst, M.R. (author), Brama, P.A.J. (author), van de Lest, C.H.A. (author), Kiers, G.H. (author), de Groot, J. (author), van Weeren, P.R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: In articular joints, the forces generated by locomotion are absorbed by the whole of cartilage, subchondral bone and underlying trabecular bone. The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that regional differences in joint loading are related to clear and interrelated differences in the composition of the extracellular...
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Biochemistry"
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