Searched for: subject%3A%22Benelux%22
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Muntendam-Bos, A.G. (author), Fokker, P.A. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
In an attempt to derive more information on the parameters driving compaction, this paper explores the feasibility of a method utilizing data on compaction-induced subsidence. We commence by using a Bayesian inversion scheme to infer the reservoir compaction from subsidence observations. The method's strength is that it incorporates all the...
article 2009
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Zhang, Y.-C. (author), Slomp, C.P. (author), Broers, H.P. (author), Passier, H.F. (author), van Cappellen, P. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
This study focuses on denitrification in a sandy aquifer using geochemical analyses of both sediment and groundwater, combined with groundwater age dating (<sup>3</sup>H/<sup>3</sup>He). The study sites are located underneath cultivated fields and an adjacent forested area at Oostrum, The Netherlands. Shallow groundwater in the region has high...
article 2009
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Hommes, S. (author), Vinke-de Kruijf, J. (author), Otter, H.S. (author), Bouma, G. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Water resources management issues tend to affect a variety of uses and users. Therefore, they often exhibit complex and unstructured problems. The complex, unstructured nature of these problems originates from uncertain knowledge and from the existence of divergent perceptions among various actors. Consequently, dealing with these problems is...
article 2009
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Keuken, M. (author), Roemer, M. (author), van den Elshout, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The annual air quality standard of NO2 is often exceeded in urban areas near heavy traffic locations. Despite significant decrease of NOx emissions in 1986-2005 in the industrial and harbour area near Rotterdam, NO2 concentrations at the urban background remain at the same level since the end of the nineties. Trend analysis of monitoring data...
article 2009
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Rosmuller, N. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
In the Netherlands, the Betuweline is a dedicated freight railway. It will, among other things, be used for transportation of all kinds of hazardous materials from the Port of Rotterdam to the German Hinterland and vice versa. The line is approximately 150 km long. Alongside the line, more than 100 km noise shields have been constructed. The...
article 2009
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Huisman, D.J. (author), de Groot, T. (author), Pols, S. (author), van Os, B.J.H. (author), Degryse, P. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
We investigated the major and trace element composition and Pb and Sr isotope characteristics of a series of about 20 colourless glass objects from a single high-status Roman burial from the Netherlands (Bocholtz). The major elements show a relatively homogeneous group, with one outlier. This is corroborated by the Sr isotopes. Based on the Sb...
article 2009
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Donders, T.H. (author), Weijers, J.W.H. (author), Munsterman, D.K. (author), Kloosterboer-van Hoeve, M.L. (author), Buckles, L.K. (author), Pancost, R.D. (author), Schouten, S. (author), Sinninghe Damsté, J.S. (author), Brinkhuis, H. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A palynological and organic geochemical record from a shallow marine paleoenvironmental setting in SE Netherlands documents the coupled marine and terrestrial climate evolution from the late Burdigalian (∼ 17 Ma) through the early Zanclean (∼ 4.5 Ma). Proxy climate records show several coeval variations in both relative sea surface (deduced from...
article 2009
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Kombrink, H. (author), van Os, B.J.H. (author), van der Zwan, C.J. (author), Wong, Th.E. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Geochemical studies on Upper Carboniferous marine bands showed that marked enrichment in redox-sensitive trace elements (uranium (U), vanadium (V), molybdenum (Mo)) mostly occur if they contain Goniatites. Goniatites indicate deposition in relatively distal and deep marine environments. In contrast, Westphalian marine bands found in the...
article 2008
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Wijnker, E. (author), Bor, T.J. (author), Wesselingh, F.P. (author), Munsterman, D.K. (author), Brinkhuis, H. (author), Burger, A.W. (author), Vonhof, H.B. (author), Post, K. (author), Hoedemakers, K. (author), Janse, A.C. (author), Taverne, N. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The locality of Langenboom (eastern Noord-Brabant, the Netherlands), also known as Mill, is famous for its Neogene molluscs, shark teeth, teleost remains, birds and marine mammals. The stratigraphic context of the fossils, which have been collected from sand suppletions, was hitherto poorly understood. Here we report on a section which has been...
article 2008
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Schaap, M. (author), Apituley, A. (author), Timmermans, R.M.A. (author), Koelemeijer, R.B.A. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To acquire daily estimates of PM2.5 distributions based on satellite data one depends critically on an established relation between AOD and ground level PM2.5. In this study we aimed to experimentally establish the AOD-PM2.5 relationship for the Netherlands. For that purpose an experiment was set-up at the AERONET site Cabauw. The average PM 2.5...
article 2008
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Gerrits, L. (author), Marks, P. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
In this article the theoretical concepts of path-dependency and lock-in are applied to the geometry of the Zeeland delta in the Netherlands. They are used to show that even very small and unpredictable events can cause systems to remain on a path that is practically impossible to leave because the costs of leaving are too high. As a result,...
article 2008
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Kombrink, H. (author), Leever, K.A. (author), van Wees, J.-D. (author), van Bergen, F. (author), David, P. (author), Wong, T.E. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The large thickness of Upper Carboniferous strata found in the Netherlands suggests that the area was subject to long-term subsidence. However, the mechanisms responsible for subsidence are not quantified and are poorly known. In the area north of the London Brabant Massif, onshore United Kingdom, subsidence during the Namurian-Westphalian B has...
article 2008
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Jonkman, S.N. (author), Vrijling, J.K. (author), Vrouwenvelder, A.C.W.M. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
This article deals with methods for the estimation of loss of life due to flooding. These methods can be used to assess the flood risks and to identify mitigation strategies. The first part of this article contains a comprehensive review of existing literature. Methods have been developed for different types of floods in different regions. In...
article 2008
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Beumer, V. (author), van Wirdum, G. (author), Beltman, B. (author), Griffioen, J. (author), Grootjans, A.P. (author), Verhoeven, J.T.A. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Dutch water policy aims for more frequent, controlled flooding of river valley floodplains to avoid unwanted flooding elsewhere; in anticipation of increased flooding risks resulting from climate changes. Controlled flooding usually takes place in winter in parts of the valleys which had not been subject to flooding in the last decades. It may...
article 2008
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van den Brink, C. (author), Zaadnoordijk, W.J. (author), van der Grift, B. (author), de Ruiter, P.C. (author), Griffioen, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A negotiation support system (NSS) was developed to solve groundwater conflicts that arose during land-use management. It was set up in cooperation with the stakeholders involved to provide information on the impact of land use, e.g., agriculture, nature (forested areas), recreation, and urban areas, on the quality of both infiltrating and...
article 2008
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Jonker, J.H. (author), Kodde, M.J. (author), Bakker, K.J. (author), TNO Bouw en ondergrond (author)
The Netherlands is a small country with limited space for further urban development. Further the number of inhabitants is still growing which means a further need for houses, roads and additional workspace. The combination of the above means a densification in the build up areas. Conventional solutions may take too much space; new alternatives...
article 2008
document
Rosmuller, N. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
In the Netherlands, the Betuweline is a dedicated freight railway. It will, among other things, be used for transportation of all kinds of hazardous materials from the Port of Rotterdam to the German Hinterland and vice versa. The line is approximately 150km long. Alongside the line, over more than 100 km noise shields are apparent. The question...
article 2008
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Nelskamp, S. (author), David, P. (author), Littke, R. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Sedimentary basins in The Netherlands contain significant amounts of hydrocarbon resources, which developed in response to temperature and pressure history during Mesozoic and Cenozoic times. Quantification and modelling of burial, maturity and temperature histories are the major goals of this study, allowing for a better understanding of the...
article 2008
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Smit, R. (author), Poelman, M. (author), Schrijver, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Does consideration of average speed distributions on roads-as compared to single mean speed-lead to different results in emission modelling of large road networks? To address this question, a post-processing method is developed to predict mean speed distributions using available traffic data from a dynamic macroscopic traffic model (Indy) that...
article 2008
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Westerhoff, W.E. (author), Kemna, H.A. (author), Boenigk, W. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The fluvial history of the northern Lower Rhine Embayment shows interplay of three main river systems: Rhine, Meuse and smaller rivers draining the central and northern part of Belgium. The Pliocene and Early Pleistocene (pre-)Rhine and Meuse river systems had their conjunction in the southern part of the Roer Valley Graben between Aachen and...
article 2008
Searched for: subject%3A%22Benelux%22
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