Searched for: subject%3A%22Behavior%252C%255C%2BAnimal%22
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Botschuijver, S. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Levin, E. (author), Jonkers, D.M. (author), Welting, O. (author), Heinsbroek, S.E.M. (author), de Weerd, H.H. (author), Boekhout, T. (author), Fornai, M. (author), Masclee, A.A. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Jonge, W.J. (author), Seppen, J. (author), van den Wijngaard, R.M. (author)
Background & Aims Visceral hypersensitivity is one feature of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Bacterial dysbiosis might be involved in the activation of nociceptive sensory pathways, but there have been few studies of the role of the mycobiome (the fungal microbiome) in the development of IBS. We analyzed intestinal mycobiomes of patients with...
article 2017
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Lam, F.P. (author), Kleivane, L. (author), Sivle, L.D. (author), van Ijsselmuide, S.P. (author), Visser, F. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), Dekeling, R.P.A. (author)
bookPart 2016
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Prendergast, G.S. (author), Zurn, C.M. (author), Bers, A.V. (author), Head, R.M. (author), Hansson, L.J. (author), Thomason, J.C. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Barnacle cypris larvae respond to many cues when selecting a settlement site. The settlement of over a million larvae on tiles of different textures, orientations and densities of incumbent settlers was measured on the rocky intertidal at Great Cumbrae, Scotland. Half of the tiles were replaced every tide whereas the others simultaneously...
article 2009
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Krüse, J. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Salmon, F. (author), Leenheers, L.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As part of a project designed to develop a framework for extrapolating acute central nervous system (CNS) effects of hydrocarbon solvents in animals to humans, experimental studies were conducted in rats and human volunteers in which acute CNS effects were measured and toxicokinetic data were collected. A complex hydrocarbon solvent, white...
article 2007
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Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To evaluate the neurobehavioral effects of hydrocarbon solvents and to establish a working model for extrapolating animal test data to humans, studies were conducted which involved inhalation exposure of rats and humans to white spirit (WS). The specific objectives of these studies were to evaluate the behavioral effects of exposure to WS in...
article 2007
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Appel, M.J. (author), van Veen, H.A. (author), Vietsch, H. (author), Salaheddine, M. (author), Nuijens, J.H. (author), Ziere, B. (author), de Loos, F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The oral toxicity of recombinant human lactoferrin (rhLF) produced in the milk of transgenic cows was investigated in Wistar rats by daily administration via oral gavage for 13 consecutive weeks, 7 days per week. The study used four groups of 20 rats/sex/dose. The control group received physiological saline and the three test groups received...
article 2006
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McKee, R.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Barsotti, D.A. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a preliminary step to evaluating the acute neurobehavioral effects of hydrocarbon solvents and to establish a working model for extrapolating animal test data to humans, joint neurobehavioral/toxicokinetic studies were conducted which involved administering ethanol to rats and volunteers. The specific objectives of the present studies were to...
article 2006
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), van Vliet, S.A.M. (author), Jongsma, M.J. (author), Vanwersch, R.A.P. (author), Olivier, B. (author), Philippens, I.H.C.H.M. (author)
Rationale: Modafinil is increasingly used in sleep disturbances in general and in neurodegenerative diseases and is recently being used in healthy people for attention control. However, the application of modafinil is possibly not only restricted to alertness enhancing effects. More insight in this compound may lead to new applications. Not all...
article 2006
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Bajgar, J. (author), Ševelová, L. (author), Krejčová, G. (author), Fusek, J. (author), Vachek, J. (author), Kassa, J. (author), Herink, J. (author), de Jong, L.P.A. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author)
Soman belongs to the most dangerous nerve agents because of the low effectiveness of the presently available antidotes. Soman acts by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) both peripherally and centrally, with a subsequent accumulation of neuromediator acetylcholine and other metabolic changes. From the data published in literature it can be...
article 2004
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van Asperen, J. (author), Rijcken, W.R.P. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The toxicity of inhalatory exposure to organic solvents may not only be related to the total external dose, but also to the pattern of exposure. In this study physiologically based toxicokinetic (PBTK) modelling has been used to study the impact of the exposure scenario on the toxicokinetics and the behavioural effects of the model solvent...
article 2003
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Delaney, B. (author), Carlson, T. (author), Frazer, S. (author), Zheng, T. (author), Hess, R. (author), Ostergren, K. (author), Kierzek, K. (author), Haworth, J. (author), Knutson, N. (author), Junker, K. (author), Jonker, D. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
β-Glucans are water-soluble cell-wall polysaccharides consisting of (1→3,1→4)-linked β-D-glucopyranosyl monomers that comprise a considerable proportion of soluble fiber from certain grains including oats and barley. Consumption of foods containing β-glucan or β-glucan-enriched fractions prepared from these grains lower serum cholesterol...
article 2003
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Jonker, D. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Fraile, N. (author), Estrella, A. (author), Rodríguez Otero, C. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Lycopene, as a suspension in sunflower oil (20% w/w), was tested for subchronic toxicity by administration at dietary concentrations of 0, 0.25, 0.50, and 1.0% to groups of 20 male and 20 female Wistar rats for a period of 90 days. The lycopene examined in this study was derived from a fungal biomass (Blakeslea trispora). Lycopene intake was...
article 2003
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Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author), Bueters, T.J.H. (author), IJzerman, A.P. (author), van Helden, H.P.M. (author), Danhof, M. (author)
Characterization of the pharmacokinetics, brain distribution, and therapeutic efficacy of the adenosine A1 receptor partial agonist 2′-deoxy-N6-cyclopentyladenosine in sarin-poisoned rats. Bueters, T.J.H., IJzerman, A.P., Van Helden, H.P.M., and Danhof, M. (2003). The objective of the present study was to determine (1) the influence of sarin...
article 2003
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de Groot, D.M.G. (author), Bierman, E.P.B. (author), Bruijnzeel, P.L.B. (author), Carpentier, P. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Lallement, G. (author), Melchers, B.P.C. (author), Philippens, I.H.C.H.M. (author), van Huygevoort, A.H.B.M. (author)
Poisoning with the potent nerve agent soman produces a cascade of central nervous system (CNS) effects characterized by severe convulsions and eventually death. In animals that survive a soman intoxication, lesions in the amygdala, piriform cortex, hippocampus and thalamus can be observed. In order to examine the mechanisms involved in the...
article 2001
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Leenaars, P.P.A.M. (author), Koedam, M.A. (author), Wester, P.W. (author), Baumans, V. (author), Claassen, E. (author), Hendriksen, C.F.M. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
We evaluated the side effects induced by injection of Freund's adjuvant (FA) and alternative adjuvants combined with different antigens. Rabbits and mice were injected subcutaneously, intramuscularly (rabbits) and intraperitoneally (mice) with different adjuvants (FA, Specol, RIBI, TiterMax, Montanide ISA50) in combination with several types of...
article 1998
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van den Berg, K.J. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Adult male WAG/Rij/MBL rats were dosed with lead acetate at 0, 4.0, 8.0 or 12.5 mg/kg, 5 days per week for 4 weeks. Animals were assessed prior to exposure, at the end of the 4-week exposure period and after a 2-week recovery period using a functional observational battery (FOB) and motor activity assessment. Rats were sacrificed two weeks after...
article 1996
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Kulig, B. (author), Alleva, E. (author), Bignami, G. (author), Cohn, J. (author), Cory-Slechta, D. (author), Landa, V. (author), O'donoghue, J. (author), Peakall, D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Chemicals/CAS: Neurotoxins
article 1996
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Leenaars, P.P.A.M. (author), Hendriksen, C.F.M. (author), Koedam, M.A. (author), Claassen, I. (author), Claassen, E. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Four types of adjuvants were evaluated as alternatives to the use of Freund's complete adjuvant in mice. The adjuvants evaluated included a water-in-oil emulsion (Specol), a microorganism (Lactobacillus), preformed immune-stimulating complexes (ISCOM) containing rabies virus glycoprotein and a saponin, Quil A. The adjuvants and saline were...
article 1995
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TNO Pharma (author), Melchers, B.P.C. (author), Philippens, I.H.C.H.M. (author), Wolthuis, O.L. (author)
The therapeutic efficacy of the oximes HI-6 and HLo-7 (132.5 μmol/kg), in combination with atropine, in soman- or tabun-intoxicated guinea pigs was compared, particularly with respect to recovery of shuttlebox performance and electroencephalograms (EEGs). After 1.5 x LD50 soman SC, therapy with HI-6 or HLo-7 resulted in survival of 87.5% of the...
article 1994
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Philippens, I.H.C.H.M. (author), Melchers, B.P.C. (author), de Groot, D.M.G. (author), Wolthuis, O.L. (author)
It is known that rats poisoned with near-lethal doses of pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (soman) develop brain lesions, particularly when convulsions are induced. When rats were intoxicated with a LD50 of soman and treated immediately thereafter with a combination of low doses of atropine and diazepam (LOW AS/DZ treatment), large decrements...
article 1992
Searched for: subject%3A%22Behavior%252C%255C%2BAnimal%22
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