Searched for: subject:"Barriers"
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van de Weijer, P. (author), Bouten, P.C.P. (author), Unnikrishnan, S. (author), Akkerman, H.B. (author), Michels, J.J. (author), van Mol, T.M.B. (author)
Organic light-emitting diodes degrade rapidly by means of local cathode oxidation when exposed to the ambient atmosphere, resulting in visible non-emissive areas called black spots. High performance inorganic based encapsulations are required to protect the OLED. We have applied a hybrid thin-film encapsulation stack consisting of two inorganic...
article 2017
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Raaphorst, R.M. (author), Savolainen, H. (author), Cantore, M. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), van Waarde, A. (author), Colabufo, N.A. (author), Elsinga, P.H. (author), Lammertsma, A.A. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Luurtsema, G. (author)
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the blood-brain barrier can be important in neurological diseases where P-gp is affected, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Radiotracers used in the imaging studies are present at very small, nanomolar, concentration, whereas in vitro assays where these tracers are characterized,...
article 2017
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Kleijn van Willigen, G.K. (author), van Meerveld, H. (author)
The reliability and availability of the Dutch storm surge barriers are calculated by probabilistic risk assessment and various underlying risk analysis methods. These calculations, however, focus on the numerical probability of the storm surge barrier functioning adequately, and the implementation of the many constraints from the risk analysis...
conference paper 2016
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Flammini, M.G. (author), Debernardi, N. (author), Le Ster, M. (author), Bakker, K. (author), Dunne, B. (author), Bosman, J. (author), Theelen, M. (author)
Non-encapsulated CIGSSe solar cells, with a silver grid, were exposed to different temperatures for various periods in order to measure the effect of the heat exposure in CIGSSe modules. The heat treatment time and temperature were varied during the experiments, which were executed at atmospheric conditions. In all the cases, after reaching a...
conference paper 2016
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Creyghton, Y. (author), Illiberi, A. (author), Mione, M. (author), van Boekel, W. (author), Debernardi, N. (author), Seitz, M. (author), van den Bruele, F. (author), Poodt, P. (author), Roozeboom, F. (author)
Atomic layer deposition by means of spatial separation of reactive gases is emerging as an industrial manufacturing technology. Integration of non-thermal plasma in spatial ALD machines will further expand the process window towards lower operation temperatures and specific materials requiring radicals (O, N, H, OH, NH etc.). Plasma sources with...
conference paper 2016
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van Heteren, S. (author)
Barrier-system dynamics are a function of antecedent topography and substrate lithology, Relative sea-level (RSL) changes, sediment availability and type, climate, vegetation type and cover, and various aero- and hydrodynamic processes during fair-weather conditions and extreme events. Global change has an influence on many of these drivers....
bookPart 2015
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Westerhout, J. (author), Wortelboer, H. (author), Verhoeckx, K. (author)
The Ussing chamber system is named after the Danish zoologist Hans Ussing, who invented the device in the 1950s to measure the short-circuit current as an indicator of net ion transport taking place across frog skin (Ussing and Zerahn, Acta Physiol Scand 23:110-127, 1951). Ussing chambers are increasingly being used to measure ion transport in...
bookPart 2015
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Schiffelers, M.J.W.A. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Bakker, W.E. (author), Hendriksen, C.F.M. (author), Krul, C. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The two-generation study (OECD TG 416) is the standard requirement within REACH to test reproductive toxicity effects of chemicals with production volumes >100. tonnes. This test is criticized in terms of scientific relevance and animal welfare. The Extended One Generation Reproductive Toxicity Study (EOGRTS), incorporated into the OECD test...
article 2015
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de Jong, M.M. (author)
In this document we present an overview of known initiatives for PV Noise Barriers (PVNBs), to be able to learn from past failures and successes. We will not only focus on technical aspects, but also provide background information on financial and organizational issues.
report 2015
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Perrotta, A. (author), García, S.J. (author), Michels, J.J. (author), Andringa, A.M. (author), Creatore, M. (author)
Water permeation in inorganic moisture permeation barriers occurs through macroscale defects/pinholes and nanopores, the latter with size approaching the water kinetic diameter (0.27 nm). Both permeation paths can be identified by the calcium test, i.e., a time-consuming and expensive optical method for determining the water vapor transmission...
article 2015
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Vlaming, M.L.H. (author), Läppchen, T. (author), Jansen, H.T. (author), Kivits, S. (author), van Driel, A. (author), van der Steeg, E. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W. (author), Sio, C.F. (author), Steinbach, O.C. (author), de Groot, J. (author)
Introduction: The efflux transporters P-glycoprotein (P-gp, ABCB1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP, ABCG2) are expressed at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), and can limit the access of a wide range of drugs to the brain. In this study we developed a PET-CT imaging method for non-invasive, quantitative analysis of the effect of ABCB1 and...
article 2015
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Siemonsma, P. (author), Dopp, C. (author), Alpay, L. (author), Tak, E. (author), van Meeteren, N. (author), Chorus, A. (author)
Purpose: Home-based rehabilitation is a promising alternative to regular center-based stroke rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to identify what is currently known about determinants that influence the implementation of home-based stroke rehabilitation (HBSR) in clinical practice. Methods: A systematic review of determinants of HBSR...
article 2014
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Li, F. (author), Smits, E. (author), van Leuken, L. (author), Haas, D.G. (author), Ellis, T. (author), van der Steen, J.L. (author), Tripathi, A.K. (author), Myny, K. (author), Ameys, M. (author), Schols, S. (author), Heremans, P. (author), Gelinck, G.H. (author)
AMOLED displays using oxide TFTs and high-quality moisture barrier were fabricated on ultrathin, flexible plastic substrates to give maximum mechanical flexibility. Total display thickness is below 150μm, and repeated rollability at 1 cm roll radius has been demonstrated. Electrical/Mechanical characteristics and reliability of the flexible...
article 2014
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Rosman, A.N. (author), Vlemmix, F. (author), Fleuren, M.A.H. (author), Rijnders, M.E. (author), Beuckens, A. (author), Opmeer, B.C. (author), Mol, B.W.J. (author), van Zwieten, M.C.B. (author), Kok, M. (author)
Objective: external cephalic version (ECV) is a relatively simple and safe manoeuvre and a proven effective approach in the reduction of breech presentation at term. There is professional consensus that ECV should be offered to all women with a fetus in breech presentation, but only up to 70% of women eligible for ECV undergo an ECV attempt. The...
article 2014
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Vogt, L.M. (author), Meyer, D. (author), Pullens, G. (author), Faas, M.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), Ramasamy, U. (author), Schols, H.A. (author), de Vos, P. (author)
Dietary fiber intake is associated with lower incidence and mortality from disease, but the underlying mechanisms of these protective effects are unclear.We hypothesized that β2→1-fructan dietary fibers confer protection on intestinal epithelial cell barrier function via Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), and we studied whether β2→1-fructan chain...
article 2014
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Van Assche, F.J.H. (author), Unnikrishnan, S. (author), Michels, J.J. (author), van Mol, A.M.B. (author), van de Weijer, P. (author), van de Sanden, M.C.M. (author), Creatore, M. (author)
We report on a low substrate temperature (110°C) remote microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) process of silicon nitride barrier layers against moisture permeation for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) and other moisture sensitive devices such as organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs). Specifically, the influence of the SiH4...
article 2014
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Schiffelers, M.J.W.A. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Bakker, W.E. (author), Beken, S. (author), Hendriksen, C.F.M. (author), Koeter, H. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author)
Pharmaceuticals and chemicals are subjected to regulatory safety testing accounting for approximately 25% of laboratory animal use in Europe. This testing meets various objections and has led to the development of a range of 3R models to Replace, Reduce or Refine the animal models. However, these models must overcome many barriers before being...
article 2014
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van Schijndel-Speet, M. (author), Evenhuis, H.M. (author), van Wijck, R. (author), van Empelen, P. (author), Echteld, M.A. (author)
Older people with intellectual disability (ID) are characterized by low physical activity (PA) levels. PA is important for reducing health risks and maintaining adequate fitness levels for performing activities of daily living. The aim of this study was to explore preferences of older adults with ID for specific physical activities, and to gain...
article 2014
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Gelinck, G.H. (author), van der Steen, J.L. (author), Tripathi, A.K. (author), Ellis, T. (author), Akkerman, H. (author), van Leuken, L. (author), Li, F. (author), Maas, J. (author), Smits, E. (author), Rovers, M. (author), Nag, M. (author), Myny, K. (author), Malinowski, P. (author), Ameys, M. (author), Ke, T.H. (author), Schols, S. (author), Steudel, S. (author), Genoe, J. (author), Heremans, P. (author)
In this paper, we present some of the technology challenges and process temperature trade-offs when realizing AM OLED displays on thin flexible plastic films that can be mechanically bent to a roll radius of ∼1 cm. We furthermore present complementary approaches to realize low-power, high resolution OLED displays using self-aligned IGZO TFT...
conference paper 2014
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Masselink, G. (author), van Heteren, S. (author)
Wave-dominated and mixed-energy barriers are extremely dynamic landforms, responding to processes operating over a spectrum of time scales, ranging from daily-to-monthly fluctuations related to storm and post-storm conditions, to century-to-millennium-scale evolution driven by relative sea-level change. Two types of storms are of particular...
article 2014
Searched for: subject:"Barriers"
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