Searched for: subject:"Barriers"
(1 - 20 of 29)

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Kuntze, T. (author), Wollmann, P. (author), Fledderus, H. (author)
The proper long term operation of organic electronic devices like organic photovoltaics OPV depends on their resistance to environmental influences such as permeation of water vapor. Major efforts are spent to encapsulate OPV. State of the art is sandwich-like encapsulation between two ultra-barrier foils. Sandwich encapsulation faces two major...
conference paper 2017
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van de Weijer, P. (author), Bouten, P.C.P. (author), Unnikrishnan, S. (author), Akkerman, H.B. (author), Michels, J.J. (author), van Mol, T.M.B. (author)
Organic light-emitting diodes degrade rapidly by means of local cathode oxidation when exposed to the ambient atmosphere, resulting in visible non-emissive areas called black spots. High performance inorganic based encapsulations are required to protect the OLED. We have applied a hybrid thin-film encapsulation stack consisting of two inorganic...
article 2017
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Kleijn van Willigen, G.K. (author), van Meerveld, H. (author)
The reliability and availability of the Dutch storm surge barriers are calculated by probabilistic risk assessment and various underlying risk analysis methods. These calculations, however, focus on the numerical probability of the storm surge barrier functioning adequately, and the implementation of the many constraints from the risk analysis...
conference paper 2016
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Flammini, M.G. (author), Debernardi, N. (author), Le Ster, M. (author), Bakker, K. (author), Dunne, B. (author), Bosman, J. (author), Theelen, M. (author)
Non-encapsulated CIGSSe solar cells, with a silver grid, were exposed to different temperatures for various periods in order to measure the effect of the heat exposure in CIGSSe modules. The heat treatment time and temperature were varied during the experiments, which were executed at atmospheric conditions. In all the cases, after reaching a...
conference paper 2016
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Creyghton, Y. (author), Illiberi, A. (author), Mione, M. (author), van Boekel, W. (author), Debernardi, N. (author), Seitz, M. (author), van den Bruele, F. (author), Poodt, P. (author), Roozeboom, F. (author)
Atomic layer deposition by means of spatial separation of reactive gases is emerging as an industrial manufacturing technology. Integration of non-thermal plasma in spatial ALD machines will further expand the process window towards lower operation temperatures and specific materials requiring radicals (O, N, H, OH, NH etc.). Plasma sources with...
conference paper 2016
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Perrotta, A. (author), García, S.J. (author), Michels, J.J. (author), Andringa, A.M. (author), Creatore, M. (author)
Water permeation in inorganic moisture permeation barriers occurs through macroscale defects/pinholes and nanopores, the latter with size approaching the water kinetic diameter (0.27 nm). Both permeation paths can be identified by the calcium test, i.e., a time-consuming and expensive optical method for determining the water vapor transmission...
article 2015
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Li, F. (author), Smits, E. (author), van Leuken, L. (author), Haas, D.G. (author), Ellis, T. (author), van der Steen, J.L. (author), Tripathi, A.K. (author), Myny, K. (author), Ameys, M. (author), Schols, S. (author), Heremans, P. (author), Gelinck, G.H. (author)
AMOLED displays using oxide TFTs and high-quality moisture barrier were fabricated on ultrathin, flexible plastic substrates to give maximum mechanical flexibility. Total display thickness is below 150μm, and repeated rollability at 1 cm roll radius has been demonstrated. Electrical/Mechanical characteristics and reliability of the flexible...
article 2014
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Van Assche, F.J.H. (author), Unnikrishnan, S. (author), Michels, J.J. (author), van Mol, A.M.B. (author), van de Weijer, P. (author), van de Sanden, M.C.M. (author), Creatore, M. (author)
We report on a low substrate temperature (110°C) remote microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) process of silicon nitride barrier layers against moisture permeation for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) and other moisture sensitive devices such as organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs). Specifically, the influence of the SiH4...
article 2014
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Gelinck, G.H. (author), van der Steen, J.L. (author), Tripathi, A.K. (author), Ellis, T. (author), Akkerman, H. (author), van Leuken, L. (author), Li, F. (author), Maas, J. (author), Smits, E. (author), Rovers, M. (author), Nag, M. (author), Myny, K. (author), Malinowski, P. (author), Ameys, M. (author), Ke, T.H. (author), Schols, S. (author), Steudel, S. (author), Genoe, J. (author), Heremans, P. (author)
In this paper, we present some of the technology challenges and process temperature trade-offs when realizing AM OLED displays on thin flexible plastic films that can be mechanically bent to a roll radius of ∼1 cm. We furthermore present complementary approaches to realize low-power, high resolution OLED displays using self-aligned IGZO TFT...
conference paper 2014
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Harkema, S. (author), Pendyala, R.K. (author), Geurts, C.G.C. (author), Helgers, P.L.J. (author), Levell, J.W. (author), Wilson, J.S. (author), MacKerron, D. (author)
Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are a promising lighting technology. In particular OLEDs fabricated on plastic foils are believed to hold the future. These planar devices are subject to various optical losses, which requires sophisticated light management solutions. Flexible OLEDs on plastic substrates are as prone to losses related to...
conference paper 2014
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Adolph, T. (author), Schwedhelm, H. (author), Lazaro, I. (author), Versmissen, A.C.M. (author), Edwards, M. (author), Thomson, R. (author), Johannsen, H. (author)
The goal of the project FIMCAR (Frontal Impact and Compatibility Assessment Research) was to define an integrated set of test procedures and associated metrics to assess a vehicle's frontal impact protection, which includes self-And partner-protection. For the development of the set, two different full-width tests (full-width deformable barrier ...
article 2014
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Michels, J.J. (author), Peter, M. (author), Salem, A. (author), van Remoortere, B. (author), van den Brand, J. (author)
This paper presents a thorough experimental and theoretical analysis of a model system for the mechanism of cathode degradation in OLED and OPV devices due to lateral side ingress of water vapour into laminated thin film barrier structures. The experimental procedure allows for full quantitative control over layer dimensions of the laminate, as...
article 2014
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de Roo, F. (author)
The sound reflectivity of noise barriers elements is one of the major acoustic product characteristics. Traditionally this property was tested in reverberation rooms according to EN 1793-1 and the results were used to predict the effect of sound reflections in the far field. As in many cases these results cannot be used directly to assess the...
conference paper 2013
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Li, F.M. (author), Unnikrishnan, S. (author), van de Weijer, P. (author), van Assche, F. (author), Shen, J. (author), Ellis, T. (author), Manders, W. (author), Akkerman, H. (author), Bouten, P. (author), van Mol, A.M.B. (author)
The availability of a high performance thin-film barrier is the most critical challenge in upscaling and commercializing flexible OLED products. We report a flexible thin-film-barrier technology that meets lifetime specifications for OLED lighting, and demonstrate it in rollable QVGA a-IGZO AMOLED displays. Roll-to-roll manufacturing of this...
article 2013
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Theelen, M.J. (author), Habets, D. (author), Staemmler, L. (author), Winands, H. (author), Bolt, P.J. (author)
Organosilicon coatings provide good optical and mechanical properties and are excellent candidates for the modification of the surface energy of polymers. These coatings can be deposited by plasma polymerization of hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) under atmospheric pressure and at room temperature. The resulting films can range from soft,...
article 2012
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van der Eerden, F.J.M. (author), van den Berg, F.H.A. (author)
Environmental research is ongoing to predict and to mitigate the noise impact of heavy weapons or explosives. In the densely populated area of the Netherlands this is of particular interest for the Ministry of Defence as the shock waves can propagate over large distances. In this research program the mitigation of shock waves by means of a sound...
article 2012
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Brondijk, J.J. (author), Torricelli, F. (author), Smits, E.C.P. (author), Blom, P.W.M. (author), de Leeuw, D.M. (author)
The charge injection barriers in organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) seem to be far less critical as compared to organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Counter intuitively, we show that the origin is image-force lowering of the barrier due to the gate bias at the source contact, although the corresponding gate field is perpendicular to the...
article 2012
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Lutgendorf, D. (author), Wessels, P.W. (author), van den Eerden, F.J.M. (author), de Roo, F. (author)
Within the EU FP7 QUIESST project, QUIeting the Environment for a Sustainable Surface Transport, a test method is being developed for the reflectivity of noise barriers. The method needs to account for a complex shape of barriers and the use of various types of absorbing materials. The performance of a barrier is to be measured in the near field...
conference paper 2012
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Kemerink, M. (author), Asadi, K. (author), Blom, P.W.M. (author), de Leeuw, D.M. (author)
The availability of a reliable memory element is crucial for the fabrication of 'plastic' logic circuits. We use numerical simulations to show that the switching mechanism of ferroelectric-driven organic resistive switches is the stray field of the polarized ferroelectric phase. The stray field modulates the charge injection from a metallic...
article 2012
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Lu, M. (author), de Bruyn, P. (author), Nicolai, H.T. (author), Wetzelaer, G.-J.A.H. (author), Blom, P.W.M. (author)
article 2012
Searched for: subject:"Barriers"
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