Searched for: subject:"Bacterium"
(1 - 20 of 95)

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van der Veer, C. (author), Hertzberger, R.Y. (author), Bruisten, S.M. (author), Tytgat, H.L.P. (author), Swanenburg, J. (author), de Kat Angelino-Bart, A. (author), Schuren, F. (author), Molenaar, D. (author), Reid, G. (author), de Vries, H. (author), Kort, R. (author)
Background: A vaginal microbiota dominated by lactobacilli (particularly Lactobacillus crispatus) is associated with vaginal health, whereas a vaginal microbiota not dominated by lactobacilli is considered dysbiotic. Here we investigated whether L. crispatus strains isolated from the vaginal tract of women with Lactobacillus-dominated vaginal...
article 2019
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Paauw, A. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Heng, J.M.E. (author), Mars-Groenendijk, R.H. (author), Trip, H. (author), Molhoek, E.M. (author), Jansen, H.J. (author), van der Plas, J. (author), de Jong, A.L. (author), Majchrzykiewicz-Koehorst, J.A. (author), Speksnijder, A.G.C.L. (author)
E. coli-. Shigella species are a cryptic group of bacteria in which the Shigella species are distributed within the phylogenetic tree of E. coli. The nomenclature is historically based and the discrimination of these genera developed as a result of the epidemiological need to identify the cause of shigellosis, a severe disease caused by Shigella...
article 2015
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Minihane, A.M. (author), Vinoy, S. (author), Russell, W.R. (author), Baka, A. (author), Roche, H.M. (author), Tuohy, K.M. (author), Teeling, J.L. (author), Blaak, E.E. (author), Fenech, M. (author), Vauzour, D. (author), McArdle, H.J. (author), Kremer, B.H.A. (author), Sterkman, L. (author), Vafeiadou, K. (author), Benedetti, M.M. (author), Williams, C.M. (author), Calder, P.C. (author)
The importance of chronic low-grade inflammation in the pathology of numerous age-related chronic conditions is now clear. An unresolved inflammatory response is likely to be involved from the early stages of disease development. The present position paper is the most recent in a series produced by the International Life Sciences Institute's...
article 2015
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Belzer, C. (author), Gerber, G.K. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Delaney, M. (author), DuBois, A. (author), Liu, Q. (author), Belavusava, V. (author), Yeliseyev, V. (author), Houseman, A. (author), Onderdonk, A. (author), Cavanaugh, C. (author), Bry, L. (author)
Longitudinal studies of the microbiota are important for discovering changes in microbial communities that affect the host. The complexity of these ecosystems requires rigorous integrated experimental and computational methods to identify temporal signatures that promote physiologic or pathophysiologic responses in vivo. Employing a murine model...
article 2014
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Akhnikh, S. (author), Engelberts, A.C. (author), van Sleuwen, B.E. (author), L’ Hoir, M.P. (author), Benninga, M.A. (author)
Excessive crying, often described as infantile colic, is the cause of 10% to 20% of all early pediatrician visits of infants aged 2 weeks to 3 months. Although usually benign and selflimiting, excessive crying is associated with parental exhaustion and stress. However, and underlying organic cause is found in less than 5% of these infants. In...
article 2014
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Blatchford, P. (author), Ansell, J. (author), de Godoy, M.R.C. (author), Fahey, G. (author), Garcia-Mazcorro, J.F. (author), Gibson, G.R. (author), Goh, Y.J. (author), Hotchkiss, A.T. (author), Hutkins, R. (author), LaCroix, C. (author), Rastall, R.A. (author), Reimer, R.A. (author), Schoterman, M. (author), Van Sinderen, D. (author), Venema, K. (author), Whelan, K. (author)
In October 2012, a group of scientists met at the 10th Meeting of the International Scientific Association of Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) in Cork, Ireland to discuss issues surrounding prebiotics and their development. This article summarises outputs from the meeting. Various prebiotic definitions were discussed and how the concept has...
article 2013
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Biesbroek, G. (author), Sanders, E.A.M. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Wang, X. (author), Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Trzciński, K. (author), Bogaert, D. (author), Keijser, B.J.F. (author)
Introduction: Accurate analyses of microbiota composition of low-density communities (103-104 bacteria/sample) can be challenging. Background DNA from chemicals and consumables, extraction biases as well as differences in PCR efficiency can significantly interfere with microbiota assessment. This study was aiming to establish protocols for...
article 2012
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Euser, S.M. (author), Nagelkerke, N.J. (author), Schuren, F. (author), Jansen, R. (author), den Boer, J.W. (author)
Background: Legionella, the causative agent for Legionnaires' disease, is ubiquitous in both natural and man-made aquatic environments. The distribution of Legionella genotypes within clinical strains is significantly different from that found in environmental strains. Developing novel genotypic methods that offer the ability to distinguish...
article 2012
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Knijnenburg, A.D. (author), Spalburg, E. (author), de Neeling, A.J. (author), Mars-Groenendijk, R.H. (author), Noort, D. (author), Grotenbreg, G.M. (author), van der Marel, G.A. (author), Overkleeft, H.S. (author), Overhand, M. (author)
This article presents a series of ring-extended gramicidin S derivatives, 9-14, that have four ornithine residues as polar protonated side chains and one modified turn region containing a mono-functionalized cis-δ-oxetane, δ-furanoid, or δ-pyranoid sugar amino acid residue. Of the GS analogs evaluated, we identified compound 7, which contains...
article 2012
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Molhoek, E.M. (author), van Dijk, A. (author), Veldhuizen, E.J.A. (author), Haagsman, H.P. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author)
A truncated version of host defense peptide chicken cathelicidin-2, C1-15, possesses potent, broad spectrum antibacterial activity. A variant of this peptide, F2,5,12W, which contains 3 phenylalanine to tryptophan substitutions, possesses improved antibacterial activity and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) neutralizing activity compared to C1-15. In...
article 2011
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Koopman, F. (author), Wierckx, N. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The toxic fermentation inhibitors in lignocellulosic hydrolysates pose significant problems for the production of second-generation biofuels and biochemicals. Among these inhibitors, 5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural (HMF) and furfural are specifically notorious. In this study, we describe the complete molecular identification and characterization of...
article 2010
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Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2010
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Wierckx, N. (author), Koopman, F. (author), Bandounas, L. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author)
The formation of toxic fermentation inhibitors such as furfural and 5-hydroxy-2-methylfurfural (HMF) during acid (pre-)treatment of lignocellulose, calls for the efficient removal of these compounds. Lignocellulosic hydrolysates can be efficiently detoxified biologically with microorganisms that specifically metabolize the fermentation...
article 2010
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Molhoek, E.M. (author), den Hertog, A.L. (author), de Vries, A.M.B.C. (author), Nazmi, K. (author), Veerman, E.C.I. (author), Hartgers, F.C. (author), Yazdanbakhsh, M. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author), van der Kleij, D. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Cathelicidins are effector molecules of the innate host defense system that establish an antimicrobial barrier at epithelial interfaces. The human cathelicidin LL-37, in addition to its antimicrobial activity, also exhibits immunomodulatory effects, such as inhibition of pro-inflammatory responses to bacterial LPS in human monocytic cells. In...
article 2009
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End, C. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author), Renner, M. (author), Bergmann, G. (author), Lyer, S. (author), Blaich, S. (author), Hudler, M. (author), Helmke, B. (author), Gassler, N. (author), Autschbach, F. (author), Ligtenberg, A.J.M. (author), Benner, A. (author), Holmskov, U. (author), Schirmacher, P. (author), Nieuw Amerongen, A.V. (author), Rosenstiel, P. (author), Sina, C. (author), Franke, A. (author), Hafner, M. (author), Kioschis, P. (author), Schreiber, S. (author), Poustka, A. (author), Mollenhauer, J. (author)
Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) is a secreted glycoprotein displaying a broad bacterial-binding spectrum. Recent functional and genetic studies linked DMBT1 to the suppression of LPS-induced TLR4-mediated NF-kappaB activation and to the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Here, we aimed at unraveling the molecular basis of its function...
article 2009
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Meijnen, J.P. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author)
The oxidative D-xylose catabolic pathway of Caulobacter crescentus, encoded by the xylXABCD operon, was expressed in the gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas putida S12. This engineered transformant strain was able to grow on D-xylose as a sole carbon source with a biomass yield of 53% (based on g [dry weight] g D-xylose-1) and a maximum growth...
article 2009
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Boesten, R.J. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A genomic DNA-based microarray was constructed containing over 6000 randomly cloned genomic fragments of approximately 1-2 kb from six mammalian intestinal Bifidobacterium spp. including B. adolescentis, B. animalis, B. bifidum, B. catenulatum, B. longum and B. pseudolongum. This Bifidobacterium Mixed-Species (BMS) microarray was used to...
article 2009
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Klaassens, E.S. (author), Boesten, R.J. (author), Haarman, M. (author), Knol, J. (author), Schuren, F.H. (author), Vaughan, E.E. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Although their exact function remains enigmatic, bifidobacteria are among the first colonizers of the newborn infant gut and further develop into abundant communities, notably in response to diet. Therefore, the transcriptional responses of bifidobacteria in rapidly processed fecal samples from young infants that were fed either breast milk or a...
article 2009
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Koopman, F.W. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The solvent-tolerant bacterium Pseudomonas putida S12 was engineered to efficiently utilize the C1 compounds methanol and formaldehyde as auxiliary substrate. The hps and phi genes of Bacillus brevis, encoding two key steps of the ribulose monophosphate (RuMP) pathway, were introduced to construct a pathway for the metabolism of the toxic...
article 2009
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van Groenestijn, J.W. (author), Geelhoed, J.S. (author), Goorissen, H.P. (author), Meesters, K.P.M. (author), Stams, A.J.M. (author), Claassen, P.A.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Non-axenic operation of a 400 L trickle bed reactor inoculated with the thermophile Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus, yielded 2.8 molH 2mol hexose converted. The reactor was fed with a complex medium with sucrose as the main substrate, continuously flushed with nitrogen gas, and operated at 73°C. The volumetric productivity was 22 mmolH2(L...
article 2009
Searched for: subject:"Bacterium"
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