Searched for: subject:"Bacteria%5C+%5C%28microorganisms%5C%29"
(1 - 20 of 107)

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Collins, S.L. (author), McMillan, A. (author), Seney, S. (author), van der Veer, C. (author), Kort, R. (author), Sumarah, M.W. (author), Reid, G. (author)
Perturbations to the vaginal microbiota can lead to dysbiosis, including bacterial vaginosis (BV), which affects a large portion of the female population. In a healthy state, the vaginal microbiota is characterized by low diversity and colonization by Lactobacillus spp., whereas in BV, these species are displaced by a highly diverse population...
article 2018
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Majchrzykiewicz-Koehorst, J.A. (author), Heikens, E. (author), Trip, H. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), de Jong, A.L. (author), Viveen, M.C. (author), Sedee, N.J.A. (author), van der Plas, J. (author), Coenjaerts, F.E.J. (author), Paauw, A. (author)
The rapid identification of existing and emerging respiratory viruses is crucial in combating outbreaks and epidemics. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a rapid and reliable identification method in bacterial diagnostics, but has not been used in virological diagnostics. Mass...
article 2015
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Borgdorff, H. (author), Tsivtsivadze, E. (author), Verhelst, R. (author), Marzorati, M. (author), Jurriaans, S. (author), Ndayisaba, G.F. (author), Schuren, F.H. (author), van de Wijgert, J.H.H.M. (author)
Cervicovaginal microbiota not dominated by lactobacilli may facilitate transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), as well as miscarriages, preterm births and sepsis in pregnant women. However, little is known about the exact nature of the microbiological changes that cause these adverse outcomes. In this study,...
article 2014
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Majchrzykiewicz-Koehorst, J.A. (author), Heikens, E. (author), Trip, H. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), de Jong, A.L. (author), Viveen, M.C. (author), Sedee, N.J.A. (author), van der Plas, J. (author), Coenjaerts, F.E.J. (author), Paauw, A. (author)
Tested respiratory viruses: influenza A virus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human metapneumovirus (hMPV), were successfully identified directly from crude cell cultures using liquid chromatography-tandem MS (LC-MS/MS). The identification was preceded with the simple, generic and fast sample preparation method. The determined...
conference paper 2014
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Molhoek, E.M. (author), van Dijk, A. (author), Veldhuizen, E.J.A. (author), Haagsman, H.P. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author)
A truncated version of host defense peptide chicken cathelicidin-2, C1-15, possesses potent, broad spectrum antibacterial activity. A variant of this peptide, F2,5,12W, which contains 3 phenylalanine to tryptophan substitutions, possesses improved antibacterial activity and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) neutralizing activity compared to C1-15. In...
article 2011
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Dieser, M. (author), Nocker, A. (author), Priscu, J.C. (author), Foreman, C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The permanent ice covers of the McMurdo Dry Valley lakes, Antarctica, are colonized by a diverse microbial assemblage. We collected ice cores from Lakes Fryxell, Hoare and Bonney. Propidium monoazide (PMA) was used in combination with quantitative PCR (qPCR) and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) to examine membrane integrity of...
article 2010
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Wierckx, N. (author), Koopman, F. (author), Bandounas, L. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author)
The formation of toxic fermentation inhibitors such as furfural and 5-hydroxy-2-methylfurfural (HMF) during acid (pre-)treatment of lignocellulose, calls for the efficient removal of these compounds. Lignocellulosic hydrolysates can be efficiently detoxified biologically with microorganisms that specifically metabolize the fermentation...
article 2010
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Molhoek, E.M. (author), den Hertog, A.L. (author), de Vries, A.M.B.C. (author), Nazmi, K. (author), Veerman, E.C.I. (author), Hartgers, F.C. (author), Yazdanbakhsh, M. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author), van der Kleij, D. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Cathelicidins are effector molecules of the innate host defense system that establish an antimicrobial barrier at epithelial interfaces. The human cathelicidin LL-37, in addition to its antimicrobial activity, also exhibits immunomodulatory effects, such as inhibition of pro-inflammatory responses to bacterial LPS in human monocytic cells. In...
article 2009
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Boele, L.C.L. (author), Bajramovic, J.J. (author), de Vries, A.M.M.B.C. (author), Voskamp-Visser, I.A.I. (author), Kaman, W.E. (author), van der Kleij, D. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Activation of pattern recognition receptors such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs) by pathogens leads to activation and maturation of dendritic cells (DC), which orchestrate the development of the adaptive immune response. To create an overview of the effects of a broad range of pathogenic bacteria, their capacity to activate TLRs and to affect DC...
article 2009
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Ponstein-Simarro Doorten, A.Y. (author), van de Wiel, J.A.G. (author), Jonker, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tensguard™ is a milk protein hydrolysate containing the lactotripeptide IPP. It is derived from cow's milk, which is present in the human diet and has a safe history of consumption. The final Tensguard™ product, a supplement or a functional food ingredient, is intended for use by people who want to follow a healthy diet and lifestyle in order to...
article 2009
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Rijsdijk, K.F. (author), Hume, J.P. (author), Bunnik, F. (author), Florens, F.B.V. (author), Baider, C. (author), Shapiro, B. (author), van der Plicht, J. (author), Janoo, A. (author), Griffiths, O. (author), van den Hoek Ostende, L.W. (author), Cremer, H. (author), Vernimmen, T. (author), de Louw, P.G.B. (author), Bholah, A. (author), Saumtally, S. (author), Porch, N. (author), Haile, J. (author), Buckley, M. (author), Collins, M. (author), Gittenberger, E. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Although the recent history of human colonisation and impact on Mauritius is well documented, virtually no records of the pre-human native ecosystem exist, making it difficult to assess the magnitude of the changes brought about by human settlement. Here, we describe a 4000-year-old fossil bed at Mare aux Songes (MAS) in south-eastern Mauritius...
article 2009
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Volkers, R.J.M. (author), Ballerstedt, H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Wery, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pseudomonas putida S12 is well known for its remarkable solvent tolerance. Transcriptomics analysis of this bacterium grown in toluene-containing chemostats revealed the differential expression of 253 genes. As expected, the genes encoding one of the major solvent tolerance mechanisms, the solvent efflux pump SrpABC and its regulatory genes...
article 2009
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Koopman, F.W. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The solvent-tolerant bacterium Pseudomonas putida S12 was engineered to efficiently utilize the C1 compounds methanol and formaldehyde as auxiliary substrate. The hps and phi genes of Bacillus brevis, encoding two key steps of the ribulose monophosphate (RuMP) pathway, were introduced to construct a pathway for the metabolism of the toxic...
article 2009
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Paauw, A. (author), Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Leverstein-van Hall, M.A. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), Verhoef, J. (author), Fluit, A.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Bacterial strains differ in their ability to cause hospital outbreaks. Using comparative genomic hybridization, Enterobacter cloacae complex isolates were studied to identify genetic markers specific for Enterobacter cloacae complex outbreak strains. No outbreak-specific genes were found that were common in all investigated outbreak strains....
article 2009
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Kovatcheva-Datchary, P. (author), Egert, M. (author), Maathuis, A. (author), Rajilić-Stojanović, M. (author), de Graaf, A.A. (author), Smidt, H. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Summary Carbohydrates, including starches, are an important energy source for humans, and are known for their interactions with the microbiota in the digestive tract. Largely, those interactions are thought to promote human health. Using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)-based stable isotope probing (SIP), we identified starch-fermenting bacteria under...
article 2009
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Verhoef, S. (author), Wierckx, N. (author), Westerhof, R.G.M. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Two solvent-tolerant Pseudomonas putida S12 strains, originally designed for phenol and p-coumarate production, were engineered for efficient production of p-hydroxystyrene from glucose. This was established by introduction of the genes pal and pdc encoding L-phenylalanine/L-tyrosine ammonia lyase and p-coumaric acid decarboxylase, respectively....
article 2009
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Lee, J. (author), Tomchick, D.R. (author), Brautigam, C.A. (author), Machius, M. (author), Kort, R. (author), Hellingwerf, K.J. (author), Gardner, K.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
The Bacillus subtilis KinA protein is a histidine protein kinase that controls the commitment of this organism to sporulate in response to nutrient deprivation and several other conditions. Prior studies indicated that the N-terminal Per-ARNT-Sim domain (PAS-A) plays a critical role in the catalytic activity of this enzyme, as demonstrated by...
article 2008
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Weelink, S.A.B. (author), Tan, N.C.G. (author), ten Broeke, H. (author), van den Kieboom, C. (author), van Doesburg, W. (author), Langenhoff, A.A.M. (author), Gerritse, J. (author), Junca, H. (author), Stams, A.J.M. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A bacterium, strain BC, was isolated from a benzene-degrading chlorate-reducing enrichment culture. Strain BC degrades benzene in conjunction with chlorate reduction. Cells of strain BC are short rods that are 0.6 μm wide and 1 to 2 μm long, are motile, and stain gram negative. Strain BC grows on benzene and some other aromatic compounds with...
article 2008
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Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Mooijaart, S.P. (author), de Craen, A.J.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Heemst, D. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Westendorp, R.G.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The high-density lipoprotein (HDL) constituent apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) protects mice against mortality in bacterial sepsis. We assessed whether high plasma apoCI levels protect against mortality from infection in humans. We determined plasma levels of apoCI, lipids, and C-reactive protein in 85-year-old participants of the prospective...
article 2008
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Kort, R. (author), Keijser, B.J. (author), Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Schuren, F.H. (author), Montijn, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: In bacteriology, the ability to grow in selective media and to form colonies on nutrient agar plates is routinely used as a retrospective criterion for the detection of living bacteria. However, the utilization of indicators for bacterial viability-such as the presence of specific transcripts or membrane integrity-would overcome bias...
article 2008
Searched for: subject:"Bacteria%5C+%5C%28microorganisms%5C%29"
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