Searched for: subject:"Automated%5C+driving"
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Boelhouwer, A. (author), van den Beukel, A.P. (author), van der Voort, M.C. (author), Verwey, W.B. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Drivers struggle to understand how, and when, to safely use their cars' complex automated functions. Training is necessary but costly and time consuming. A Digital In-Car Tutor (DIT) is proposed to support drivers in learning about, and trying out, their car automation during regular drives. During this driving simulator study, we investigated...
article 2020
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Bijlsma, T. (author), Buriachevskyi, A. (author), Frigerio, A. (author), Fu, Y. (author), Goossens, K. (author), Ors, A.O. (author), Van Der Perk, P.J. (author), Terechko, A. (author), Vermeulen, B. (author)
Autonomous vehicles use cyber-physical systems to provide comfort and safety to passengers. Design of safety mechanisms for such systems is hindered by the growing quantity and complexity of SoCs (System-on-a-Chip) and software stacks required for autonomous operation. Our study tackles two challenges: (1) fault handling in an autonomous driving...
conference paper 2020
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Marko, N. (author), Vasenev, A. (author), Striecks, C. (author)
In the past several years, autonomous driving turned out tobe a target for many technical players. Automated driving requires newand advanced mechanisms to provide safe functionality and the increased communication makes automated vehicles more vulnerable to attacks. Security is already well-established in some domains, such as the IT sector,...
conference paper 2020
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Saberi, A.K. (author), Hegge, J. (author), Fruehling, T. (author), Groote, J.F. (author)
The ISO 26262 standard addresses system failures and the need to mitigate them safely. However, the standard is only implicit regarding the safety of the intended functionality. One should concede that a system without failures, operating in the specified design boundaries should be safe. None the less, the new ISO/PAS 21448 standard on Safety...
conference paper 2020
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Schmeitz, A.J.C. (author), Schwartz, R.S. (author), Ravesteijn, D. (author), Verhaeg, G. (author), Altgassen, D. (author), Wedemeijer, H. (author)
In the EU AUTOPILOT project, IoT is brought into the automotive world to transform connected vehicles — moving ‘things’ in the IoT ecosystem — into highly and fully automated vehicles. One of the considered use cases is the platooning use case, which is being tested at the Brainport pilot site in the Netherlands. The aim of this use case is to...
conference paper 2019
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Madadi, B. (author), van Nes, R. (author), Snelder, M. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
This study explores a network configuration concept for vehicle automation levels 3–4 (according to SAE classifications) in an urban road network having mixed traffic and demonstrates its potential impacts. We assume automated driving will be allowed on a selection of roads. For the remaining roads, manual driving (although supported by...
article 2019
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Saberi, A.K. (author), Vissers, J. (author), Benders, F.P.A. (author)
Initiatives such as smart mobility and automated driving bring new concerns such as safety and security for the automotive industry. New architecture and designs are required for the in-vehicle systems to address these emerging concerns. Early design decisions have a large impact on the required functionalities as well as the quality attributes...
conference paper 2019
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Zhang, B. (author), Wilschut, E.S. (author), Willemsen, D.M.C. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Automated truck platooning is getting an increasing interest for its potentially beneficial effects on fuel consumption, driver workload, traffic flow efficiency, and safety. Nevertheless, one major challenge lies in the safe and comfortable transitions of control from the automated system back to the human drivers, especially when they have...
article 2019
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Walker, F. (author), Wang, J. (author), Martens, M.H. (author), Verwey, W.B. (author)
Studies show that drivers’ intention to use automated vehicles is strongly modulated by trust. It follows that their benefits are unlikely to be achieved if users do not trust them. To date, most studies of trust in automated vehicles have relied on self-reports. However, questionnaires cannot capture real-time changes in drivers’ trust, and are...
article 2019
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Schönemann, V. (author), Winner, H. (author), Glock, T. (author), Otten, S. (author), Sax, E. (author), Boeddeker, B. (author), Verhaeg, G. (author), Tronci, F. (author), Padilla, G.G. (author)
New safety challenges have to be targeted due to the development of fully automated vehicles in the upcoming future. However, designing safe vehicle automation systems is essential. This work presents a scenario-based methodology for functional safety analysis according to the ISO 26262 using the example of automated valet parking . The vehicle...
conference paper 2019
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Zhang, B. (author), de Winter, J. (author), Varotto, S. (author), Happee, R. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
An important question in automated driving research is how quickly drivers take over control of the vehicle in response to a critical event or a take-over request. Although a large number of studies have been performed, results vary strongly. In this study, we investigated mean take-over times from 129 studies with SAE level 2 automation or...
article 2019
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Lu, Z. (author), Zhang, B. (author), Feldhütter, A. (author), Happee, R. (author), Martens, M. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
In conditionally automated driving, drivers do not have to monitor the road, whereas in partially automated driving, drivers have to monitor the road permanently. We evaluated a dynamic allocation of monitoring tasks to human and automation by providing a monitoring request (MR) before a possible take-over request (TOR), with the aim to better...
article 2019
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Snelder, M. (author), Wilmiink, I.R. (author), van der Gun, J. (author), Bergveld, H.J. (author), Hoseini, P. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
This paper presents a model specifically developed to explore the mobility impacts of connected and automated driving and shared mobility. It is an explorative iterative model that uses an elasticity model for destination choice, a multinomial logit model for mode choice and a network fundamental diagram to assess traffic impacts. To the best of...
article 2019
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Zhang, B. (author), Wilschut, E.S. (author), Willemsen, D.M.C. (author), Alkim, T. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Automated platooning of trucks has its beneficial effects on energy saving and traffic flow efficiency. The vehicles in a platoon, however, need to maintain an extremely short headway to achieve these goals, which will result in a heavily blocked front view for the driver in a following truck. Monitoring surrounding traffic environment and...
conference paper 2018
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Sluis, H.J.D. (author), Tejada, R. (author)
This article provides a brief introduction to the Cooperative, Connected and Automated Mobility strategy define by the European Commission in 2016. Its main challenges are then summarized, with and emphasis in vehicle communication technology for automated driving. Finally, an overview of several recent European projects that aim to meet these...
article 2018
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Carsten, O.M.J. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
As long as vehicles do not provide full automation, the design and function of the Human Machine Interface (HMI) is crucial for ensuring that the human “driver” and the vehicle-based automated systems collaborate in a safe manner. When the driver is decoupled from active control, the design of the HMI becomes even more critical. Without mutual...
article 2018
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Elrofai, H. (author), Paardekooper, J.P. (author), de Gelder, E. (author), Kalisvaart, S. (author), Op den Camp, O. (author)
Automated Driving (AD) technology is anticipated to be a key aspect for achieving a higher level of road safety, a further reduction of harmful emissions, improving traffic flow, increasing comfort and ensuring mobility for all, including elderly and impaired. As AD technology is rapidly being developed, an increasing number of driving tasks in...
other 2018
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de Gelder, E. (author), Paardekooper, J.P. (author)
More and more Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) are entering the market for improving both safety and comfort by assisting the driver with their driving task. An important aspect in developing future ADAS and Automated Driving Systems (ADS) is testing and validation. Validating the failure rate of an ADS requires so many operational...
conference paper 2017
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Verhaegh, J. (author), Ploeg, J. (author), van Nunen, E. (author), Teerhuis, A. (author)
This paper presents a method for trajectory control, based on feedback linearization to guide an Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV). The novelty of this work, is the adaptation of a reference trajectory with respect to a desired velocity in real-time to avoid collisions using a time-scaling mechanism. Employing this mechanism, collision avoidance by...
conference paper 2017
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Luo, Y. (author), Saberi, A.K. (author), Bijlsma, T. (author), Lukkien, J.J. (author), van den Brand, M. (author)
Introduction of automated driving increases complexity of automotive systems. As a result, architecture design becomes a major concern for ensuring non-functional requirements such as safety, and modifiability. In the ISO 26262 standard, architecture patterns are recommended for system development. However, the existing architecture patterns may...
conference paper 2017
Searched for: subject:"Automated%5C+driving"
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