Searched for: subject%3A%22Area%255C%2Bunder%255C%2Bthe%255C%2Bcurve%22
(1 - 20 of 25)

Pages

document
Suchowerska, A.K. (author), Stokman, G. (author), Palmer, J.T. (author), Coghlan, P.A. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Keijzer, N. (author), Lambert, G. (author), Chemello, K. (author), Jaafar, A.K. (author), Parmar, J. (author), Yan, L. (author), Tong, Y. (author), Mu, L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Bonnar, J. (author), Evison, B.J. (author)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibits the clearance of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C) from plasma by directly binding with the LDL receptor (LDLR) and sending the receptor for lysosomal degradation. As the interaction promotes elevated plasma LDL-C levels, and therefore a predisposition to...
article 2022
document
Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Tel, S.L. (author), Hemmes, M.A. (author), Langenkamp-Brand, A. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Jansen, H.T. (author), de Bie, B.T.H.J. (author)
Background: Worldwide obesity has nearly doubled since 1980 and is a leading risk for global deaths, profoundly affecting morbidity, mortality, health-care costs, and professional and personal quality of life. Treatment of obesity and its consequences include lifestyle intervention, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Polyglucosamines have...
article 2016
document
Vlaming, M.L. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), Dillingh, M.R. (author), Brands, R. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Hendrikse, N.H. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), de Koning, M.C. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Mocking, J.A. (author), Sandman, H. (author), de Ligt, R.A. (author), Fabriek, B.O. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Seinen, W. (author), Alves, T. (author), Carrondo, M. (author), Peixoto, C. (author), Peeters, P.A. (author), Vaes, W.H. (author)
Preclinical development of new biological entities (NBEs), such as human protein therapeutics, requires considerable expenditure of time and costs. Poor prediction of pharmacokinetics in humans further reduces net efficiency. In this study, we show for the first time that pharmacokinetic data of NBEs in humans can be successfully obtained early...
article 2015
document
Garner, C.R. (author), Park, K.B. (author), French, N.S. (author), Earnshaw, C. (author), Schipani, A. (author), Selby, A.M. (author), Byrne, L. (author), Siner, S. (author), Crawley, F.P. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), de ligt, R. (author), Varendi, H. (author), Lass, J. (author), Grynkiewicz, G. (author), Maruszak, W. (author), Turner, M.A. (author)
Aims The aims of the study were to compare [14C]-paracetamol ([14C]-PARA) paediatric pharmacokinetics (PK) after administration mixed in a therapeutic dose or an isolated microdose and to develop further and validate accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) bioanalysis in the 0-2 year old age group. Methods [14C]-PARA concentrations in 10-15 μl...
article 2015
document
van Mierlo, G.J.D. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Wouters, D. (author), Wolbink, G.J. (author), Hart, M.H.L. (author), Rispens, T. (author), Ganderup, N.C. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Aarden, L. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author)
Immunogenicity is a major issue of concern for monoclonal antibodies used in human diseases and is by default mainly determined in non-human primates (NHP), as target molecules are considered most similar in NHP compared to human. In this manuscript the predictive value of immunogenicity testing in minipigs for human safety is evaluated, as the...
article 2014
document
Wopereis, S. (author), Radonjic, M. (author), Rubingh, C. (author), van Erk, M. (author), Smilde, A. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Cnubben, N. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus Type 2 could be significantly reduced by early identification of subjects at risk, allowing for better prevention and earlier treatment. Glucose intolerance (GI) is a hallmark of the prediabetic stage. This study aims at identifying 1) prognostic biomarkers predicting the risk of developing GI later in life...
article 2012
document
TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Heimerikx, J. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), O'Shea, M. (author), Gambelli, L. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Einerhand, A.W.C. (author), Scott, C. (author), Keizer, H.G. (author), Mennen, L.I. (author)
Appetite suppressants may be one strategy in the fight against obesity. This study evaluated whether Korean pine nut free fatty acids (FFA) and triglycerides (TG) work as an appetite suppressant. Korean pine nut FFA were evaluated in STC-1 cell culture for their ability to increase cholecystokinin (CCK-8) secretion vs. several other dietary...
article 2008
document
Nohynek, G.J. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Lawrence, R.S. (author), Shapiro, S. (author), Schulte, S. (author), Steiling, W. (author), Bausch, J. (author), Gerber, E. (author), Sasa, H. (author), Nau, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Vitamin A is widely used in cosmetic preparations. Given that oral Vitamin A and its metabolites present a potential reproductive risk, the present study investigated the effect of topical Vitamin A on human endogenous plasma levels of Vitamin A and its metabolites. Methods: Two groups of 14 female volunteers of child-bearing age...
article 2006
document
Blom, W.A.M. (author), Lluch, A. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Vinoy, S. (author), Holst, J.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The most satiating macronutrient appears to be dietary protein. Few studies have investigated the effects of dietary protein on ghrelin secretion in humans. Objective: This study was designed to investigate whether a high-protein (HP) breakfast is more satiating than a high-carbohydrate breakfast (HC) through suppression of...
article 2006
document
Manders, R.J. (author), Koopman, R. (author), Sluijsmans, W.E. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), Verbeek, K. (author), Saris, W.H. (author), Wagenmakers, A.J. (author), van Loon, L.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study examined postprandial plasma insulin and glucose responses after co-ingestion of an insulinotropic protein (Pro) hydrolysate with and without additional free leucine with a single bolus of carbohydrate (Cho). Male patients with long-standing Type 2 diabetes (n = 10) and healthy controls (n = 10) participated in 3 trials in which...
article 2006
document
TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Nieuwenhuijsen, K. (author), Verbeek, J.H.A.M. (author), de Boer, A.G.E.M. (author), Blonk, R.W.B. (author), van Dijk, F.J.H. (author)
Objectives: This study attempted to determine the factors that best predict the duration of absence from work among employees with common mental disorders. Methods: A cohort of 188 employees, of whom 102 were teachers, on sick leave with common mental disorders was followed for 1 year. Only information potentially available to the occupational...
article 2006
document
Verhoef, P. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Olthof, M.R. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: A high plasma concentration of total homocysteine (tHcy) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. A high protein intake and hence a high intake of methionine-the sole dietary precursor of homocysteine-may raise plasma tHcy concentrations. Objectives: We studied whether high intake of protein increases plasma...
article 2005
document
Blom, W.A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Ghrelin plays an important role in the regulation of food intake. Little is known about how ghrelin concentrations are modified by dietary factors. Objective: We examined the effects of both amount and type of carbohydrate on ghrelin concentrations and all correlations among the variables ghrelin, glucose, insulin, leptin, and all 4...
article 2005
document
Brink, E.J. (author), Boelsma, E. (author), Steijns, J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of the study was to investigate the bioavailability of tryptophan (Trp) from a Trp-enriched peptide mixture in healthy men. A second objective was to investigate the effect of this Trp-enriched protein hydrolysate on potential parameters of serotonergic activity. serum serotonim melatonin and prolactin and urinary 5-hydroxyindol-acetic...
article 2004
document
Verhoef, P. (author), Steenge, G.R. (author), Boelsma, E. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Olthof, M.R. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Background: A high plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) concentration is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The increase in tHcy induced by methionine, the sole dietary precursor of homocysteine, might be modulated by other amino acids present in dietary proteins. Objectives: Our objectives were to compare the postprandial effect of free and...
article 2004
document
van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Wils, D. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Bakker, M. (author), Saniez, M.-H. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective: To determine the tolerance of increasing dosages of an incompletely hydrolysed and/or incompletely absorbed food dextrin coming from wheat starch, NUTRIOSE®FB, at daily levels of 10 and 15 g up to 60 and 80 g, respectively. Design: A randomized, double-blind, multiple dose, placebo-controlled, combined crossover and parallel trial....
article 2004
document
van Asperen, J. (author), Rijcken, W.R.P. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The toxicity of inhalatory exposure to organic solvents may not only be related to the total external dose, but also to the pattern of exposure. In this study physiologically based toxicokinetic (PBTK) modelling has been used to study the impact of the exposure scenario on the toxicokinetics and the behavioural effects of the model solvent...
article 2003
document
Hoeijmakers, M. (author), Janszen, B. (author), Coert, A. (author), Horspool, L. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of oestriol in plasma in the dog after repeated oral administration of oestriol tablets, a preparation intended for the treatment of urinary incontinence in the bitch. The study was performed in six healthy, entire, adult female beagle dogs. The bitches were treated once daily...
article 2003
document
Steenge, G.R. (author), Verhoef, P. (author), Katan, M.B. (author)
Elevated levels of plasma total homocysteine are associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Betaine and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate can remethylate homocysteine into methionine via independent reactions. We determined the effect of daily betaine supplementation, compared with both folic acid and placebo, on plasma concentrations of...
article 2003
document
Konings, E.J.M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Castenmiller, J.J.M. (author), Roomans, H.H.S. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author)
Our knowledge on the absorption of folate is incomplete. The deconjugation process as a possible limiting factor in the absorption of folates was investigated. The study also attempted to validate the use of the area under the serum response curve (AUC) from food compared with folic acid as a proxy variable for food folate bioavailability....
article 2002
Searched for: subject%3A%22Area%255C%2Bunder%255C%2Bthe%255C%2Bcurve%22
(1 - 20 of 25)

Pages