Searched for: subject%3A%22Aorta%22
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Pfeiffer, B.J. (author), Franklin, C.L. (author), Hsieh, F.H. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Phillips, C.L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Collagen and elastin are the primary determinants of vascular integrity, with elastin hypothesized to be the major contributor to aortic compliance and type I collagen the major contributor to aortic strength and stiffness. Type I collagen is normally heterotrimeric composed of two α1(I) and one α2(I) collagen chains, α1(I)2α2(I). Recent...
article 2005
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Verschuren, L. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Szalai, A.J. (author), Emeis, S.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective - To evaluate whether low-dose atorvastatin suppresses atherosclerotic lesion progression and inflammation in apolipoprotein E*3 (apoE*3)-Leiden mice beyond its cholesterol-lowering effect. Methods and Results - ApoE*3-Leiden mice were fed a high-cholesterol (HC) diet until mild atherosclerotic lesions had formed. Subsequently, HC diet...
article 2005
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Meijboom, L.J. (author), Westerhof, B.E. (author), Nollen, G.J. (author), Spaan, J.A.E. (author), de Mol, B.A.J.M. (author), Jacobs, M.J.H.M. (author), Mulder, B.J.M. (author), TNO Biomedical Instrumentation (author)
Objective: β-blocking therapy is the standard therapy in non-operated Marfan patients, however its efficacy after entire aortic replacement is unknown. The aim of this study was to describe the influence of (nearly) entire aortic replacement and β-blocking therapy on blood pressure and wave reflections in Marfan patients. Methods: Four Marfan...
article 2004
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Espirito Santo, S.M.S. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Boesten, L.S.M. (author), Gerritsen, G. (author), Bovenschen, N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Bensadoun, A. (author), Li, W.P. (author), Herz, J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein (LRP) has a well-established role in the hepatic removal of atherogenic apolipoprotein E (APOE)-rich remnant lipoproteins from plasma. In addition, LRP recognizes multiple distinct pro- and antiatherogenic ligands in vitro. Here, we investigated the role of hepatic LRP in atherogenesis...
article 2004
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van der Bas, J.M.A. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), van den Berg, A.C. (author), Visser, M.J.T. (author), van der Linden, E. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective: Endovascular aneurysm repair is an alternative treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The procedure is less invasive, and morbidity and most probably mortality are reduced. However, some problems, such as endoleakage, are yet to be resolved. Endoleakage can occur after graft migration, as a result of insufficient fixation of the...
article 2004
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Nollen, G.J. (author), Westerhof, B.E. (author), Groenink, M. (author), Osnabrugge, A. (author), van der Wall, E.E. (author), Mulder, B.J.M. (author), TNO Industrie (author)
Objective: To investigate the heterogeneous response to β blockade in patients with Marfan syndrome by non-invasive assessment of the aortic pressure-area curve. Design and patients: 25 patients with the Marfan syndrome who used β blocking agents (mean (SD) age, 29 (10) years; 20 men, five women), seven without β blockade (34 (14) years; five...
article 2004
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Sierksma, A. (author), Lebrun, C.E.I. (author), van der Schouw, Y.T. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Lamberts, S.W.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective-Moderate alcohol consumption has been postulated to be cardioprotective. Such an effect might be reflected in large-artery properties, such as arterial stiffness and wave reflections. Methods and Results-Three hundred seventy-one healthy postmenopausal women aged 50 to 74 years were sampled from a population-based study. Alcohol intake...
article 2004
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Sierksma, A. (author), Muller, M. (author), van der Schouw, Y.T. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: Moderate alcohol consumption has been proposed to be anti-atherogenic and protect against coronary heart disease. Arterial stiffness provides a summary measure of atherosclerotic arterial damage and cardiovascular risk. A vascular protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption would be reflected in an inverse association between...
article 2004
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van Nieuw Amerongen, G.P. (author), Natarajan, K. (author), Yin, G. (author), Hoefen, R.J. (author), Osawa, M. (author), Haendeler, J. (author), Ridley, A.J. (author), Fujiwara, K. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Berk, B.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Thrombin mediates changes in endothelial barrier function and increases endothelial permeability. A feature of thrombin-enhanced endothelial hyperpermeability is contraction of endothelial cells (ECs), accompanied by formation of focal adhesions (FAs). Recently, a G protein-coupled receptor kinase-interacting protein, GIT1, was shown to regulate...
article 2004
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van Lieshout, J.J. (author), Toska, K. (author), van Lieshout, E.J. (author), Eriksen, M. (author), Walløe, L. (author), Wesseling, K.H. (author), TNO Biomedical Instrumentation (author)
The proper understanding of the cardiovascular mechanisms involved in complaints of short-lasting dizziness and the evaluation of unexplained recurrent syncope requires continuous monitoring of cardiac stroke volume (SV) in addition to blood pressure and heart rate. The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate a pulse wave analysis...
article 2003
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Delsing, D.J.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), van de Wiel, M.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), van der Laarse, A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
This study was designed to investigate the potential antiatherosclerotic effects of the calcium antagonist amlodipine as compared with the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor atorvastatin and the combination of both in ApoE*3-Leiden transgenic mice. Four groups of 15 ApoE*3-Leiden mice were put on a high-cholesterol diet. One group received 0.002% (wt...
article 2003
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Kleemann, R. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Fontijn, R.D. (author), Horrevoets, A.J.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author)
Background - Statins can exert anti-inflammatory antiatherosclerotic effects through an anti-inflammatory action, independent of lowering cholesterol. We addressed the question whether the anti-inflammatory activities of statins can reduce atherosclerosis beyond the reduction achieved by cholesterol lowering per se. Methods and Results - Two...
article 2003
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van der Bas, J.M.A. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), van den Berg, A.C. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Objective: One of the most life-threatening vascular diseases is rupture of an abdominal aneurysm. The conventional treatment is based on surgical reconstruction. An alternative treatment is endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Despite many advantages, one of the problems of EVAR is endoleakage from deficient healing between the aortic neck and...
article 2002
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Sakharov, D.V. (author), Jie, A.F.H. (author), Bekkers, M.E.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Rijken, D.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
We present the first steps in the elaboration of an approach of extracellular matrix-targeted local drug delivery (ECM-LDD), designed to provide a high concentration, ubiquitous distribution, and long-term retention of a drug within the vessel wall after local intravascular delivery. The approach is based on the concept of a bifunctional drug...
article 2001
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Jansen, J.R.C. (author), Schreuder, J.J. (author), Mulier, J.P. (author), Smith, N.T. (author), Settels, J.J. (author), Wesseling, K.H. (author), Technisch Physische Dienst TNO - TH (author)
In three clinical centres, we compared a new method for measuring cardiac output with conventional thermodilution. The new method computes beat-to-beat cardiac output from radial artery pressure by simulating a three-element model of aortic input impedance, and includes non-linear aortic mechanical properties and a self-adapting systemic...
article 2001
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van Eck, M. (author), de Winther, M.P.J. (author), Herijgers, N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Groot, P.H.E. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
In the arterial wall, scavenger receptor class A (SRA) is implicated in pathological lipid deposition. In contrast, in the liver, SRA is suggested to remove modified lipoproteins from the circulation, thereby protecting the body from their pathological action. The role of SRA on bone marrow-derived cells in lipid metabolism and atherogenesis was...
article 2000
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van Nieuw Amerongen, G.P. (author), Vermeer, M.A. (author), Negre-Aminou, P. (author), Lankelma, J. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Background - Recent clinical trials have established that inhibitors of the enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (statins) reduce the risk of acute coronary events. These effects of statins cannot be fully explained by their lipid-lowering potential. Improved endothelial function may contribute to the positive effects of statin...
article 2000
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Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), van der Cammen, M. (author), van der Laan, L.J.W. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Kraal, G. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Apolipoprotein E3-Leiden (APOE3-Leiden) transgenic mice develop hyperlipidemia and are highly susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis. We have studied the progression and regression of atherosclerosis using immunohistochemistry. Female transgenic mice were fed a moderate fat diet to study atherosclerosis over a longer time period. Fatty...
article 1999
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Jellema, W.T. (author), Imholz, B.P.M. (author), Oosting, H. (author), Wesseling, K.H. (author), van Lieshout, J.J. (author), TNO Biomedical Instrumentation (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare beat-to-beat changes in stroke volume (SV) estimated by two different pressure wave analysis techniques during orthostatic stress testing: pulse contour analysis and Modelflow, ie, simulation of a three-element model of aortic input impedance. Methods: A reduction in SV was introduced in eight...
article 1999
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Kemerink, G.J. (author), Kicken, P.J.H. (author), Schultz, F.W. (author), Zoetelief, J. (author), van Engelshoven, J.M.A. (author), Centrum voor Stralingsbescherming en Dosimetrie TNO (author)
This study aims at accurate quantification of x-ray exposure and effective dose to the patient in abdominal arteriography. Using an automatic monitoring system, all relevant exposure parameters were determined during 172 abdominal arteriographies. Common projections were extracted for a 'normal' reference group of procedures and used in Monte...
article 1999
Searched for: subject%3A%22Aorta%22
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