Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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Westerterp, M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Delsing, D.J.M. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Mice that overexpress human apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I) homozygously (APOC1+/+ mice) are protected against obesity and show cutaneous abnormalities. Although these effects can result from our previous observation that apoC-I inhibits FFA generation by LPL, we have also found that apoC-I impairs the uptake of a FFA analog in adipose tissue. In...
article 2007
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Halter, D. (author), Neumann, S. (author), van Dijk, S.M. (author), Wolthoorn, J. (author), de Mazière, A.M. (author), Vieira, O.V. (author), Mattjus, P. (author), Klumperman, J. (author), van Meer, G. (author), Sprong, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Glycosphingolipids are controlled by the spatial organization of their metabolism and by transport specificity. Using immunoelectron microscopy, we localize to the Golgi stack the glycosyltransferases that produce glucosylceramide (GlcCer), lactosylceramide (LacCer), and GM3. GlcCer is synthesized on the cytosolic side and must translocate...
article 2007
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Huls, M. (author), Kramers, C. (author), Levtchenko, E.N. (author), Wilmer, M.J.G. (author), Dijkman, H.B.P.M. (author), Kluijtmans, L.A.J. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Russel, F.G.M. (author), Masereeuw, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The multidrug resistance gene 1 product, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), is expressed in several excretory organs, including the apical membrane of proximal tubules. After inducing acute renal failure, P-gp expression is upregulated and this might be a protective function by pumping out toxicants and harmful products of oxidative stress. We characterized...
article 2007
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Eefting, D. (author), Schepers, A. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Grimbergen, J.M. (author), Lagerweij, T. (author), Nagelkerken, L.M. (author), Monraats, P.S. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Inflammatory factors are thought to play a regulatory role in restenosis. Interleukin-10 (IL10) is an important anti-inflammatory cytokine with anti-atherogenic potentials. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of IL10 modulation on cuff-induced neointima formation in hypercholesterolemic APOE*3-Leiden mice. Methods: The...
article 2007
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Pires, N.M.M. (author), Pols, T.W.H. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), van Tiel, C.M. (author), Bonta, P.I. (author), Vos, M. (author), Arkenbout, E.K. (author), Pannekoek, H. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), de Vries, C.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
BACKGROUND - Restenosis is a common complication after percutaneous coronary interventions and is characterized by excessive proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). We have shown that the nuclear receptor Nur77 protects against SMC-rich lesion formation, and it has been demonstrated that 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) enhances Nur77...
article 2007
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Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), van der Hoorn, J. (author), Princen, H.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial highly-complex disease with numerous etiologies that work synergistically to promote lesion development. The ability to develop preventive and ameliorative treatments will depend on animal models that mimic the human subject metabolically and pathophysiologically and will develop lesions comparable to those in...
article 2007
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Ferreira, V. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), Vos, R.M. (author), van der Kaa, J. (author), Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Pannekoek, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Accumulation of lipid-laden macrophages is a hallmark of atherosclerosis. The relevance of the key transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) for macrophage-derived foam-cell formation has not been unequivocally resolved. Transgenic mice lines were generated in which NF-κB activation is specifically inhibited in macrophages by overexpressing...
article 2007
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van Wijk, F. (author), Nierkens, S. (author), de Jong, W. (author), Wehrens, E.J.M. (author), Boon, L. (author), van Kooten, P. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Pieters, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dendritic cells are believed to play an essential role in regulating the balance between immunogenic and tolerogenic responses to mucosal Ags by controlling T cell differentiation and activation via costimulatory and coinhibitory signals. The CD28/CTLA-4-CD80/CD86 signaling pathway appears to be one of the most important regulators of T cell...
article 2007
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Gautier, T. (author), Tietge, U.J.F. (author), Boverhof, R. (author), Perton, F.G. (author), Le Guern, N. (author), Masson, D. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Lagrost, L. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The impact of apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I) deficiency on hepatic lipid metabolism was addressed in mice in the presence or the absence of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). In addition to the expected moderate reduction in plasma cholesterol levels, apoCIKO mice showed significant increases in the hepatic content of cholesteryl esters (...
article 2007
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Pires, N.M.M. (author), Eefting, D. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Drug-eluting stents (DES) have been introduced successfully in clinical practice to prevent post angioplasty restenosis. Nevertheless, concerns about the safety of DES still exist. Objective: To investigate the vascular pathology and transcriptional responses to sirolimus and paclitaxel in a murine model for restenosis on underlying...
article 2007
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van Wijk, F. (author), Wehrens, E.J.M. (author), Nierkens, S. (author), Boon, L. (author), Kasran, A. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a critical role in the maintenance of self-tolerance and it has been suggested that these Tregs may also be involved in preventing allergic disease. Objective: The precise role of CD4+CD25+ T cells in the regulation of allergic responses to mucosal antigens remains to be...
article 2007
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Zacharowski, K. (author), Zacharowski, P.A. (author), Friedl, P. (author), Mastan, P. (author), Koch, A. (author), Boehm, O. (author), Rother, R.P. (author), Reingruber, S. (author), Henning, R. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Petzelbauer, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Many compounds have been shown to prevent reperfusion injury in various animal models, although to date, translation into clinic has revealed several obstacles. Therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened a working group to discuss reasons for such failure. As a result, the concept of adequately powered, blinded, randomized...
article 2007
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Kajikawa, A. (author), Satoh, E. (author), Leer, R.J. (author), Yamamoto, S. (author), Igimi, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A recombinant Lactobacillus casei expressing a flagellar antigen from Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis was constructed and evaluated as a mucosal vaccine. Intragastric immunization of the recombinant strain conferred protective immunity against Salmonella infection in mice. This immunization did not result in antigen-specific antibody in...
article 2007
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Verbeek, R. (author), van Dongen, H. (author), Wawrousek, E.F. (author), Amor, S. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
While myelin-reactive T cells are widely believed to play a pathogenic role in multiple sclerosis (MS), no substantial differences appear to exist in T-cell responses to myelin antigens between MS patients and healthy subjects. As an example, indistinguishable peripheral T-cell responses and serum antibody levels have been found in MS patients...
article 2007
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Westerterp, M. (author), van Eck, M. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) is expressed in the liver and in macrophages, and has several roles in lipid metabolism. Since macrophage apoCI expression might affect macrophage lipid homeostasis and atherosclerotic lesion development locally in the arterial wall, we investigated the effect of both systemic and macrophage apoCI on...
article 2007
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Korsheninnikova, E. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Baan, B. (author), van der Zon, G.C.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Maassen, J.A. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Insulin is an important regulator of hepatic carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism, and the regulation of these processes by insulin is disturbed under conditions of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Despite these alterations, the impact of insulin resistance on insulin signalling in the liver is not well defined. Variations in time...
article 2007
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Ousman, S.S. (author), Tomooka, B.H. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), Wawrousek, E.F. (author), O'Conner, K. (author), Hafler, D.A. (author), Sobel, R.A. (author), Robinson, W.H. (author), Steinman, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
αB-crystallin (CRYAB) is the most abundant gene transcript present in early active multiple sclerosis lesions, whereas such transcripts are absent in normal brain tissue. This crystallin has anti-apoptotic and neuroprotective functions. CRYAB is the major target of CD4+ T-cell immunity to the myelin sheath from multiple sclerosis brain. The...
article 2007
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Verbeek, R. (author), van der Mark, K. (author), Wawrousek, E.F. (author), Plomp, A.C. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tolerance induction to prevent activation of a naïve T-cell repertoire has been well documented in rodents and can be readily achieved by intravenous, oral or intranasal administration of antigen in the absence of adjuvants. In autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) the presence of an established memory/effector T-cell repertoire...
article 2007
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van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Dallinga-Thie, G.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In addition to efficiently decreasing VLDL-triglycerides (TGs), fenofibrate increases HDL-cholesterol levels in humans. We investigated whether the fenofibrate-induced increase in HDL-cholesterol is dependent on the expression of the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). To this end, APOE*3-Leiden (E3L) transgenic mice without and with the...
article 2007
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Nikolsky, Y. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Smith, G.J. (author), Kaznacheev, V. (author), Nikolskaya, T. (author), Melnikov, A. (author), Hurt-Camejo, E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Increased dietary cholesterol intake is associated with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis development requires a lipid and an inflammatory component. It is unclear where and how the inflammatory component develops. To assess the role of the liver in the evolution of inflammation, we treated ApoE* 3Leiden mice with cholesterol-free ...
article 2007
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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