Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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Mariman, R. (author), Kremer, S.H.A. (author), Koning, F. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author)
Probiotic bacteria express a wide range of molecular structures that bind to receptors on innate immune cells and mediate health-promoting effects in the host. We have recently demonstrated in a colitis model that favourable effects of the probiotic mixture VSL#3 may in part be due to the suppression of intestinal chemokine expression. To obtain...
article 2014
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Gierman, L.M. (author), Kühnast, S. (author), Koudijs, A. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Kloppenburg, M. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author), Stojanovic-Susulic, V. (author), Huizinga, T.W.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author)
Objective Hypercholesterolaemia, a risk factor for atherosclerosis (ATH), has been suggested to have a role in the development of osteoarthritis (OA). To test this hypothesis, the effect of cholesterol and different cholesterol-lowering treatments on OA was investigated in a mouse model resembling human lipoprotein metabolism. Methods Female...
article 2014
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Ashton, R. (author), de Wever, B. (author), Fuchs, H.W. (author), Gaca, M. (author), Hill, E. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Poth, A. (author), Roggen, E.L. (author)
Despite changing attitudes towards animal testing and current legislation to protect experimental animals, the rate of animal experiments seems to have changed little in recent years. On May 15–16, 2013, the In Vitro Testing Industrial Platform (IVTIP) held an open meeting to discuss the state of the art in alternative methods, how companies...
article 2014
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Kühnast, S. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Sasiela, W.J. (author), Gusarova, V. (author), Peyman, A. (author), Schäfer, H.L. (author), Schwahn, U. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibition is a potential novel strategy for treatment of CVD. Alirocumab is a fully human PCSK9 monoclonal antibody in phase 3 clinical development. We evaluated the antiatherogenic potential of alirocumab in APOE∗3Leiden. CETP mice. Mice received a Western-type diet and were treated with...
article 2014
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van Mierlo, G.J.D. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Wouters, D. (author), Wolbink, G.J. (author), Hart, M.H.L. (author), Rispens, T. (author), Ganderup, N.C. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Aarden, L. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author)
Immunogenicity is a major issue of concern for monoclonal antibodies used in human diseases and is by default mainly determined in non-human primates (NHP), as target molecules are considered most similar in NHP compared to human. In this manuscript the predictive value of immunogenicity testing in minipigs for human safety is evaluated, as the...
article 2014
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Belzer, C. (author), Gerber, G.K. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Delaney, M. (author), DuBois, A. (author), Liu, Q. (author), Belavusava, V. (author), Yeliseyev, V. (author), Houseman, A. (author), Onderdonk, A. (author), Cavanaugh, C. (author), Bry, L. (author)
Longitudinal studies of the microbiota are important for discovering changes in microbial communities that affect the host. The complexity of these ecosystems requires rigorous integrated experimental and computational methods to identify temporal signatures that promote physiologic or pathophysiologic responses in vivo. Employing a murine model...
article 2014
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Antunes, R. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Tyack, P.L. (author), Thomas, L. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
The potential effects of exposing marine mammals to military sonar is a current concern. Dose-response relationships are useful for predicting potential environmental impacts of specific operations. To reveal behavioral response thresholds of exposure to sonar, we conducted 18 exposure/control approaches to 6 long-finned pilot whales. Source...
article 2014
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de Paula Faria, D. (author), Vlaming, M.L.H. (author), Copray, S.C.V.M. (author), Tielen, F. (author), Anthonijsz, H.J.A. (author), Sijbesma, J.W.A. (author), Buchpiguel, C.A. (author), Dierckx, R.A.J.O. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), de Vries, E.F.J. (author)
The experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model is a model of multiple sclerosis that closely mimics the disease characteristics in humans. The main hallmarks of multiple sclerosis are neuroinflammation (microglia activation, monocyte invasion, and T-cell infiltration) and demyelination. PET imaging may be a useful noninvasive technique for...
article 2014
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Lukovac, S. (author), Belzer, C. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Keijser, B.J. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), Roeselers, G. (author)
The gut microbiota is essential for numerous aspects of human health. However, the underlying mechanisms of many host-microbiota interactions remain unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize effects of the microbiota on host epithelium using a novel ex vivo model based on mouse ileal organoids. We have explored the transcriptional...
article 2014
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Schiffelers, M.J.W.A. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Bakker, W.E. (author), Beken, S. (author), Hendriksen, C.F.M. (author), Koeter, H. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author)
Pharmaceuticals and chemicals are subjected to regulatory safety testing accounting for approximately 25% of laboratory animal use in Europe. This testing meets various objections and has led to the development of a range of 3R models to Replace, Reduce or Refine the animal models. However, these models must overcome many barriers before being...
article 2014
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Holm, L. (author), Liang, W. (author), Thorsell, A. (author), Hilke, S. (author)
Background The neuropeptide cholecystokinin (CCK) has been implicated in the neurobiology of anxiety and panic disorders, as well as in dopamine-related behaviours. Anxiety and panic-disorders are twice as common in females compared to males, but studies of females are rare, although increasing in number. Limited studies have found that CCK...
article 2014
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Westerhout, J. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Zeijdner, E.E. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author)
A reliable prediction of the oral bioavailability in humans is crucial and of high interest for pharmaceutical and food industry. The predictive value of currently used in silico methods, in vitro cell lines, ex vivo intestinal tissue and/or in vivo animal studies for human intestinal absorption, however, is often insufficient, especially when...
article 2014
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Kooijman, S. (author), Boon, M.R. (author), Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Geerling, J.J. (author), van de Pol, V. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Meurs, I. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
The melanocortin system is an important regulator of energy balance, and melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) deficiency is the most common monogenic cause of obesity. We investigated whether the relationship between melanocortin system activity and energy expenditure (EE) is mediated by brown adipose tissue (BAT) activity. Therefore, female APOE∗3...
article 2014
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Liang, W. (author), Menke, A.L. (author), Driessen, A. (author), Koek, G.H. (author), Lindeman, J.H. (author), Stoop, R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author)
Results: The criteria macrovesicular steatosis, microvesicular steatosis, hepatocellular hypertrophy, inflammation and fibrosis were generally applicable to rodent NAFLD. The inter-observer reproducibility (evaluated using the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient) between the ten observers was high for the analysis of macrovesicular steatosis and...
article 2014
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Beker van Woudenberg, A. (author), Snel, C. (author), Rijkmans, E. (author), de Groot, D. (author), Bouma, M. (author), Hermsen, S. (author), Piersma, A. (author), Menke, A. (author), Wolterbeek, A. (author)
To improve the predictability of the zebrafish embryotoxicity test (ZET) for developmental (neuro)toxicity screening, we used a multiple-endpoints strategy, including morphology, motor activity (MA), histopathology and kinetics. The model compounds used were antiepileptic drugs (AEDs): valproic acid (VPA), carbamazepine (CBZ), ethosuximide (ETH)...
article 2014
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Gozalpour, E. (author), Greupink, R. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Bilos, A. (author), Schreurs, M. (author), Russel, F.G.M. (author), Koenderink, J.B. (author)
Digitalis-like compounds (DLCs) such as digoxin, digitoxin, and ouabain, also known as cardiac glycosides, are among the oldest pharmacological treatments for heart failure. The compounds have a narrow therapeutic window, while at the same time, DLC pharmacokinetics is prone to drug-drug interactions at the transport level. Hepatic transporters...
article 2014
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Boon, M.R. (author), Kooijman, S. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Pelgrom, L.R. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Visseren, C.A.R. (author), van Aggele, R.C. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Sips, H.C.M. (author), Lombès, M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Tamsma, J.T. (author), Guigas, B. (author), Meijer, O.C. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
The endocannabinoid system is an important player in energy metabolism by regulating appetite, lipolysis, and energy expenditure. Chronic blockade of the cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) leads to long-term maintenance of weight loss and reduction of dyslipidemia in experimental and human obesity. The molecular mechanism by which CB1R blockade...
article 2014
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Neumann, A. (author), Berends, E.T.M. (author), Nerlich, A. (author), Molhoek, E.M. (author), Gallo, R.L. (author), Meerloo, T. (author), Nizet, V. (author), Naim, H.Y. (author), von Köckritz-Blickwede, M. (author)
NETs (neutrophil extracellular traps) have been described as a fundamental innate immune defence mechanism. Duringformation of NETs, the nuclear membrane is disrupted by an asyet unknown mechanism. In the present study we investigated the role of human cathelicidin LL-37 in nuclear membrane disruption and formation of NETs. Immunofluorescence...
article 2014
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Zimmer, B. (author), Pallocca, G. (author), Dreser, N. (author), Foerster, S. (author), Waldmann, T. (author), Westerhout, J. (author), Julien, S. (author), Krause, K.H. (author), Van Thriel, C. (author), Hengstler, J.G. (author), Sachinidis, A. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Leist, M. (author)
Developmental toxicity in vitro assays have hitherto been established as stand-alone systems, based on a limited number of toxicants. Within the embryonic stem cell-based novel alternative tests project, we developed a test battery framework that allows inclusion of any developmental toxicity assay and that explores the responses of such test...
article 2014
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de Oliveira, J.E. (author), van der Hoeven-Hangoor, E. (author), van de Linde, I.B. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), van der Vossen, J.M.B.M. (author)
The feasibility of establishing probiotic bacteria in the intestine of broiler chickens by in ovo inoculation was investigated, followed by verifying possible subsequent protection against Salmonella Enteriditis infection. In a first study, 7 commercially available probiotics were screened for compatibility with in ovo inoculation. Two of these...
article 2014
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(61 - 80 of 1,459)

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