Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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de Haan, W. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Dallinga-Thie, G.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: In addition to lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, statins modestly increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol in humans and decrease cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) mass and activity. Our aim was to determine whether the increase in HDL depends on CETP expression. Methods and results: APOE*3-Leiden ...
article 2008
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van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Berbée, J.P.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Rensen, P.C. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective - Niacin potently decreases plasma triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol. In addition, niacin is the most potent HDL-cholesterol- increasing drug used in the clinic. In the present study, we aimed at elucidation of the mechanism underlying its HDL-raising effect. Methods and Results - InAPOE*3Leiden transgenic mice expressing the human...
article 2008
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van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Teusink, B. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Obese humans are often insulin- and leptin resistant. Since leptin can affect glucose metabolism, it is conceivable that a lack of leptin signal transduction contributes to insulin resistance. It remains unclear whether leptin affects glucose metabolism via peripheral and/or central mechanistic routes. In the present study, we aimed: (i) to...
article 2008
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Abildayeva, K. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Blokland, A. (author), Jansen, P.J. (author), Hoek, F.J. (author), Meijer, O. (author), Lütjohann, D. (author), Gautier, T. (author), Pillot, T. (author), de Vente, J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Ramaekers, F.C.S. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Mulder, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The H2 allele of APOC1, giving rise to increased gene expression of apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I), is in genetic disequilibrium with the APOE4 allele and may provide a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). We found that apoC-I protein is present in astrocytes and endothelial cells within hippocampal regions in both human control and AD...
article 2008
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Kel, J.M. (author), de Geus, E.D. (author), van Stipdonk, M.J. (author), Drijfhout, J.W. (author), Koning, F. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this study, we investigated the development of T cell responses in mice after administration of a mannosylated ovalbumin peptide (M-OVA323-339). Immunization with M-OVA323-339 in complete adjuvant resulted in enhanced antigen presentation in draining lymph nodes. Monitoring the fate of CFSE-labeled ovalbumin peptide-specific TCR transgenic...
article 2008
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Gerritsen, G. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Schaap, F.G. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kypreos, K.E. (author), Maeda, N. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Apolipoprotein E2 (apoE2)-associated hyperlipidemia is characterized by a disturbed clearance of apoE2-enriched VLDL remnants. Because excess apoE2 inhibits LPL-mediated triglyceride (TG) hydrolysis in vitro, we in vestigated whether direct or indirect stimulation of LPL activity in vivo reduces the apoE2-associated hypertriglyc-eridemia. Here,...
article 2008
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Nagelkerken, L. (author), Verzaal, P. (author), Lagerweij, T. (author), Persoon-Deen, C. (author), Berbee, J.F.P. (author), Prens, E.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Oranje, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Mice with transgenic expression of human apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1) in liver and skin have strongly increased serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and free fatty acids, indicative of a disturbed lipid metabolism. Importantly, these mice display a disturbed skin barrier function, evident from increased transepidermal water loss, and...
article 2008
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Pols, T.W.H. (author), Ottenhoff, R. (author), Vos, M. (author), Levels, J.H.M. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), Meijers, J.C.M. (author), Pannekoek, H. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), de Vries, C.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
NR4A nuclear receptors are induced in the liver upon fasting and regulate hepatic gluconeogenesis. Here, we studied the role of nuclear receptor Nur77 (NR4A1) in hepatic lipid metabolism. We generated mice expressing hepatic Nur77 using adenoviral vectors, and demonstrate that these mice exhibit a modulation of the plasma lipid profile and a...
article 2008
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Madsen, L. (author), Pedersen, L.M. (author), Liaset, B. (author), Ma, T. (author), Petersen, R.K. (author), van den Berg, S. (author), Pan, J. (author), Müller-Decker, K.M. (author), Dülsner, E.D. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Døskeland, S.O. (author), Kristiansen, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effect of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFAs) on adipogenesis and obesity is controversial. Using in vitro cell culture models, we show that n-6 PUFAs was pro-adipogenic under conditions with base-line levels of cAMP, but anti-adipogenic when the levels of cAMP were elevated. The anti-adipogenic action of n-6 PUFAs was dependent on a...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Jong, W.H. (author), van Triel, J.J. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), de Klerk, A. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The local lymph node assay (LLNA) is used to test the potential of low molecular weight (LMW) compounds to induce sensitization via the skin. In the present study, a respiratory LLNA was developed. Male BALB/c mice were exposed head/nose-only during three consecutive days for 45, 90, 180, or 360 min/day to various LMW allergens. Ear application ...
article 2008
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van Weel, V. (author), Toes, R.E.M. (author), Seghers, L. (author), Deckers, M.M.L. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Eilers, P.H. (author), Sipkens, J. (author), Schepers, A. (author), Eefting, D. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - The immune system is thought to play a crucial role in regulating collateral circulation (arteriogenesis), a vital compensatory mechanism in patients with arterial obstructive disease. Here, we studied the role of lymphocytes in a murine model of hindlimb ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS - Lymphocytes, detected with markers for NK1.1,...
article 2007
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Emeis, J.J. (author), Jirouskova, M. (author), Muchitsch, E.-M. (author), Shet, A.S. (author), Smyth, S.S. (author), Johnson, G.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Murine blood coagulation factors and function are quite similar to those of humans. Because of this similarity and the adaptability of mice to genetic manipulation, murine coagulation factors and inhibitors have been extensively studied. These studies have provided significant insights into human hemostasis. They have also provided useful...
article 2007
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Kel, J. (author), Oldenampsen, J. (author), Luca, M. (author), Drijfhout, J.W. (author), Koning, F. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We have previously shown that immunization with a mannosylated myelin peptide in complete adjuvant induces tolerance instead of disease in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a rodent model for multiple sclerosis. In this report we demonstrate that treatment with a soluble mannosylated epitope of proteolipid protein (M-PLP139-151)...
article 2007
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Hu, L. (author), Bovenschen, N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Tamsma, J.T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2007
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van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
AIM: This study was designed to investigate the effect of the angiotensin II receptor blocker olmesartan alone, or in combination with standard treatment with a statin, pravastatin, on atherosclerosis development in APOE*3Leiden transgenic mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four groups of 15 mice received an atherogenic diet alone (plasma cholesterol 17...
article 2007
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Alkemade, F.E. (author), de Gittenberger-Groot, A.C. (author), Schiel, A.E. (author), van Munsteren, J.C. (author), Hogers, B. (author), van Vliet, L.S.J. (author), Poelmann, R.E. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), de Ruiter, M.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - Maternal hypercholesterolemia is associated with a higher incidence and faster progression of atherosclerotic lesions in neonatal offspring. We aimed to determine whether an in utero environment exposing a fetus to maternal hypercholesterolemia and associated risk factors can prime the murine vessel wall to accelerated development of...
article 2007
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Hassane, S. (author), Claij, N. (author), Lantinga-van Leeuwen, I.S. (author), van Munsteren, J.C. (author), van Lent, N. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Breuning, M.H. (author), Peters, D.J.M. (author), de Ruiter, M.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is a multi-system disorder characterized by progressive cyst formation in the kidneys. Serious complications of ADPKD are intracranial and aortic aneurysms. The condition is mainly caused by mutations in the PKD1 or PKD2 gene. We have carefully analyzed vascular remodeling in...
article 2007
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Moen, C.J.A. (author), Tholens, A.P. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gargalovic, P. (author), Lusis, A.J. (author), van Dyk, K.W. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The Hyplip2 congenic mouse strain contains part of chromosome 15 from MRL/MpJ on the BALB/cJ background. Hyplip2 mice show increased plasma levels of cholesterol and predominantly triglycerides (TGs) and are susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis. This study aimed at elucidation of the mechanism(s) explaining the hypertriglyceridemia....
article 2007
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Krom, Y.D. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Neointima formation is the underlying mechanism of (in-stent) restenosis. 17β-Estradiol (E2) is known to inhibit injury-induced neointima formation and post-angioplasty restenosis. Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) has been demonstrated to mediate E2 anti-restenotic properties. However, the role of estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is not...
article 2007
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van Ginneken, V. (author), Verhey, E. (author), Poelmann, R. (author), Ramakers, R. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Ham, L. (author), Voshol, P. (author), Havekes, L. (author), van Eck, M. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A metabolomic approach was applied to a mouse model of starvation-induced hepatic steatosis. After 24 h of fasting it appears that starvation reduced the phospholipids (PL), free cholesterol (FC), and cholesterol esters (CE) content of low-density lipoproteins (LDL). In liver lipid profiles major changes were observed using different techniques....
article 2007
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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