Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(21 - 40 of 1,459)

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van Keulen, D. (author), Pouwer, M.G. (author), Pasterkamp, G. (author), van Gool, A.J. (author), Sollewijn Gelpke, M.D. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Tempel, D. (author)
Aims Endothelial activation is involved in many chronic inflammatory diseases, such as atherosclerosis, and is often initiated by cytokines. Oncostatin M (OSM) is a relatively unknown cytokine that has been suggested to play a role in both endothelial activation and atherosclerosis. We comprehensively investigated the effect of OSM on...
article 2018
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Carmany, D. (author), Walz, A.J. (author), Hsu, F.L. (author), Benton, B. (author), Burnett, D. (author), Gibbons, J. (author), Noort, D. (author), Glaros, T. (author), Sekowski, J.W. (author)
Organophosphorus (OP) nerve agents continue to be a threat at home and abroad during the war against terrorism. Human exposure to nerve agents such as VX results in a cascade of toxic effects relative to the exposure level including ocular miosis, excessive secretions, convulsions, seizures, and death. The primary mechanism behind these overt...
article 2017
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Wei, W. (author), Bastiaanen-Jenniskens, Y.M. (author), Suijkerbuik, M. (author), Kops, N. (author), Bos, P.K. (author), Verhaar, J.A.M. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Dell'Accio, F. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author)
Obesity is a well-known risk factor for osteoarthritis, but it is unknown what it does on cartilage repair. Here we investigated whether a high fat diet (HFD) influences cartilage repair in a mouse model of cartilage repair. We fed DBA/1 mice control or HFD (60% energy from fat). After 2 weeks, a full thickness cartilage defect was made in the...
article 2017
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Botschuijver, S. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Levin, E. (author), Jonkers, D.M. (author), Welting, O. (author), Heinsbroek, S.E.M. (author), de Weerd, H.H. (author), Boekhout, T. (author), Fornai, M. (author), Masclee, A.A. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Jonge, W.J. (author), Seppen, J. (author), van den Wijngaard, R.M. (author)
Background & Aims Visceral hypersensitivity is one feature of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Bacterial dysbiosis might be involved in the activation of nociceptive sensory pathways, but there have been few studies of the role of the mycobiome (the fungal microbiome) in the development of IBS. We analyzed intestinal mycobiomes of patients with...
article 2017
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van de Steeg, E. (author), Läppchen, T. (author), Aguilera, B. (author), Jansen, H.T. (author), Muilwijk, D. (author), Vermue, R. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W. (author), Donato, K. (author), Rossin, R. (author), de Visser, P.C. (author), Vlaming, M.L.H. (author)
Antisense oligonucleotides (AONs) are promising candidates for treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a severe and progressive disease resulting in premature death. However, more knowledge on the pharmacokinetics of new AON drug candidates is desired for effective application in the clinic. We assessed the feasibility of using...
article 2017
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Hoeke, G. (author), Wang, Y. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Mol, M. (author), Gart, E. (author), Klop, H.G. (author), van den Berg, S.M. (author), Pieterman, E.H. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Boon, M.R. (author)
Background and aims Activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) reduces both hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis by increasing the uptake of triglyceride-derived fatty acids by BAT, accompanied by formation and clearance of lipoprotein remnants. We tested the hypothesis that the hepatic uptake of lipoprotein remnants generated by BAT activation...
article 2017
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Krul, L. (author), Kremer, B.H.A. (author), Lucas Luijckx, N.B. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author)
The EU Food Supplements Directive (2002/46/EC) mandates the determination of both maximum and minimum permitted levels (MPLs) for micronutrients. In order to determine MPLs which are feasible for particular population groups, a scientific approach should be used in which risk of high intake, risk of inadequacy and benefits are assessed in an...
article 2017
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Abeln, E. (author)
TNO is searching for partners for a consortium research project aiming at the identification of novel solutions for controlling pathogenic Clostridia such as Clostridium difficile and C. perfringens. These are a serious threat for human and animal health and a major reason for using antibiotics. Novel solutions preventing disease development...
other 2017
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Strikwold, M. (author), Spenkelink, B. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Punt, A. (author)
With our recently developed in vitro physiologically based kinetic (PBK) modelling approach, we could extrapolate in vitro toxicity data to human toxicity values applying PBK-based reverse dosimetry. Ideally information on kinetic differences among human individuals within a population should be considered. In the present study, we demonstrated...
article 2017
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Raaphorst, R.M. (author), Savolainen, H. (author), Cantore, M. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), van Waarde, A. (author), Colabufo, N.A. (author), Elsinga, P.H. (author), Lammertsma, A.A. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Luurtsema, G. (author)
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the blood-brain barrier can be important in neurological diseases where P-gp is affected, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Radiotracers used in the imaging studies are present at very small, nanomolar, concentration, whereas in vitro assays where these tracers are characterized,...
article 2017
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Bøgh, K.L. (author), van Bilsen, J. (author), Głogowski, R. (author), López-Expósito, I. (author), Bouchaud, G. (author), Blanchard, C. (author), Bodinier, M. (author), Smit, J. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Bastiaan-Net, S. (author), de Wit, N. (author), Untersmayr, E. (author), Adel-Patient, K. (author), Knippels, L. (author), Epstein, M.M. (author), Noti, M. (author), Nygaard, U.C. (author), Kimber, I. (author), Verhoeckx, K. (author), O'Mahony, L. (author)
Food allergy is a major health problem of increasing concern. The insufficiency of protein sources for human nutrition in a world with a growing population is also a significant problem. The introduction of new protein sources into the diet, such as newly developed innovative foods or foods produced using new technologies and production...
article 2016
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Fuijkschot, W.W. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), van der Linden, R. (author), Krijnen, P.A.J. (author), Zethof, I.P.A. (author), Theyse, L.F.H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Niessen, H.W.M. (author), Smulders, Y.M. (author)
Background and aims Observational studies show a peak incidence of cardiovascular events after major surgery. For example, the risk of myocardial infarction increases 25-fold early after hip replacement. The acuteness of this increased risk suggests abrupt enhancement in plaque vulnerability, which may be related to intra-plaque inflammation,...
article 2016
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Bolle, L.J. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Bierman, S.M. (author), van van Beek, P.J.G. (author), Wessels, P.W. (author), Blom, E. (author), van Damme, C.J.G. (author), Winter, H.V. (author), Dekeling, R.P.A. (author)
Concern exists about the potential effects of pile-driving sounds on fish, but evidence is limited, especially for fish larvae. A device was developed to expose larvae to accurately reproduced pile-driving sounds. Controlled exposure experiments were carried out to examine the lethal effects in common sole larvae. No significant effects were...
conference paper 2016
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Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Tel, S.L. (author), Hemmes, M.A. (author), Langenkamp-Brand, A. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Jansen, H.T. (author), de Bie, B.T.H.J. (author)
Background: Worldwide obesity has nearly doubled since 1980 and is a leading risk for global deaths, profoundly affecting morbidity, mortality, health-care costs, and professional and personal quality of life. Treatment of obesity and its consequences include lifestyle intervention, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Polyglucosamines have...
article 2016
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van der Heijden, R.A. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Sheedfar, F. (author), Mulder, P. (author), Schreurs, M. (author), Hommelberg, P.P.H. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Schalkwijk, C. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Tietge, U.J.F. (author), Koonen, D.P.Y. (author), Heeringa, P. (author)
Background. Naturally occurring substances from the flavanol and anthocyanin family of polyphenols have been proposed to exert beneficial effects in the course of obesity. We hypothesized that their effects on attenuating obesity-induced dyslipidemia as well as the associated inflammatory sequelae especially have health-promoting potential....
article 2016
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Luijten, M. (author), Olthof, E.D. (author), Hakkert, B.C. (author), Rorije, E. (author), van der Laan, J.-W. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), van Benthem, J. (author)
Assessment of genotoxic and carcinogenic potential is considered one of the basic requirements when evaluating possible human health risks associated with exposure to chemicals. Test strategies currently in place focus primarily on identifying genotoxic potential due to the strong association between the accumulation of genetic damage and cancer...
article 2016
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van der Burg, B. (author), Pieterse, B. (author), Rorije, E. (author), Lewin, G. (author), van der Linden, S.C. (author), Man, H.Y. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), Mangelsdorf, I. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author), van Vugt-Lussenburg, B.M.A. (author)
There is a great need for alternative testing methods for reproductive toxicants that are practical, fast, cost-effective and easy to interpret. Previously we followed a pragmatic approach using readily available tests, which was successful in predicting reproductive toxicity of chemicals [13]. This initial battery still contained apical tests...
article 2015
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Derous, D. (author), Kelder, T. (author), van Schothorst, E.M. (author), van Erk, M. (author), Voigt, A. (author), Klaus, S. (author), Keijer, J. (author), Radonjic, M. (author)
Health is influenced by interplay of molecular, physiological and environmental factors. To effectively maintain health and prevent disease, health-relevant relations need to be understood at multiple levels of biological complexity. Network-based methods provide a powerful platform for integration and mining of data and knowledge characterizing...
article 2015
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Kroeze, R.J. (author), Smit, T.H. (author), Vergroesen, P.P. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Stoop, R. (author), van Rietbergen, B. (author), van Royen, B.J. (author), Helder, M.N. (author)
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of a one-step surgical concept, employing adipose stem cells (ASCs) and a novel degradable radiolucent cage filler (poly-L-lactide-co-caprolactone; PLCL), within polyetheretherketone cages in a stand-alone caprine spinal fusion model. METHODS: A double-level fusion study was performed in 36 goats. Four cage...
article 2015
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Ripken, D. (author), van der Wielen, N. (author), van der Meulen, J. (author), Schuurman, T. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Koopmans, S.J. (author)
The vagal nerve and gut hormones CCK and GLP-1 play important roles in the control of food intake. However, it is not clear to what extent CCK and GLP-1 increase satiation by stimulating receptors located on abdominal vagal nerve endings or via receptors located elsewhere. This study aimed to further explore the relative contribution of the...
article 2015
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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