Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 20 of 112)

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Berbé, J.F.P. (author), Coomans, C.P. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Timely sensing of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is critical for the host to fight invading Gram-negative bacteria. We recently showed that apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) (apoCI<sub>1-57</sub>) avidly binds to LPS, involving an LPS-binding motif (apoCI<sub>48-54</sub>), and thereby enhances the LPS-induced inflammatory response. Our current aim was to...
article 2010
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van Dartel, D.A.M. (author), Pennings, J.L.A. (author), Hendriksen, P.J.M. (author), van Schooten, F.J. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The Embryonic Stem cell Test (EST) is an in vitro alternative test designed for the prediction of embryotoxicity. The endpoint of the test is the interference with mesoderm-derived cardiac muscle differentiation observed under the microscope as beating muscle foci. The relative subjectivity of this endpoint, as well as the applicability domain...
article 2009
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Kaman, W.E. (author), Wolterink, A.F.W.M. (author), Bader, M. (author), Boele, L.C.L. (author), van der Kleij, D. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The endogenous danger signal bradykinin was recently found implicated in the development of immunity against parasites via dendritic cells. We here report an essential role of the B2 (B2R) bradykinin receptor in the early immune response against Listeria infection. Mice deficient in B2R (B2R-/- mice) were shown to suffer from increased hepatic...
article 2009
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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Gautier, T. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
BACKGROUND - Although cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibition is regarded as a promising strategy to reduce atherosclerosis by increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, the CETP inhibitor torcetrapib given in addition to atorvastatin had no effect on atherosclerosis and even increased cardiovascular death in the recent...
article 2008
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Bobeldijk, I. (author), Hekman, M. (author), van der Vries de- Weij, J. (author), Coulier, L. (author), Ramaker, R. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Rubingh, C. (author), Freidig, A. (author), Verheij, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We report a sensitive, generic method for quantitative profiling of bile acids and other endogenous metabolites in small quantities of various biological fluids and tissues. The method is based on a straightforward sample preparation, separation by reversed-phase high performance liquid-chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) and electrospray...
article 2008
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Hu, C. (author), van Dommelen, J. (author), van der Heijden, R. (author), Spijksma, G. (author), Reijmers, T.H. (author), Wang, M. (author), Slee, E. (author), Lu, X. (author), Xu, G. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A reversed-phase liquid chromatography-linear ion trap-Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance-mass spectrometry method was developed for the profiling of lipids in human and mouse plasma. With the use of a fused-core C<sub>8</sub> column and a binary gradient, more than 160 lipids belonging to eight different classes were detected in a single...
article 2008
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Kleemann, R. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
In the past few years, inflammation has emerged as a major driving force of atherosclerotic lesion development. It is now well-established that from early lesion to vulnerable plaque formation, numerous cellular and molecular inflammatory components participate in the disease process. The most prominent cells that invade in evolving lesions are...
article 2008
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Madsen, L. (author), Pedersen, L.M. (author), Liaset, B. (author), Ma, T. (author), Petersen, R.K. (author), van den Berg, S. (author), Pan, J. (author), Müller-Decker, K.M. (author), Dülsner, E.D. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Døskeland, S.O. (author), Kristiansen, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effect of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFAs) on adipogenesis and obesity is controversial. Using in vitro cell culture models, we show that n-6 PUFAs was pro-adipogenic under conditions with base-line levels of cAMP, but anti-adipogenic when the levels of cAMP were elevated. The anti-adipogenic action of n-6 PUFAs was dependent on a...
article 2008
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Emeis, J.J. (author), Jirouskova, M. (author), Muchitsch, E.-M. (author), Shet, A.S. (author), Smyth, S.S. (author), Johnson, G.J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Murine blood coagulation factors and function are quite similar to those of humans. Because of this similarity and the adaptability of mice to genetic manipulation, murine coagulation factors and inhibitors have been extensively studied. These studies have provided significant insights into human hemostasis. They have also provided useful...
article 2007
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Zacharowski, K. (author), Zacharowski, P.A. (author), Friedl, P. (author), Mastan, P. (author), Koch, A. (author), Boehm, O. (author), Rother, R.P. (author), Reingruber, S. (author), Henning, R. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Petzelbauer, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Many compounds have been shown to prevent reperfusion injury in various animal models, although to date, translation into clinic has revealed several obstacles. Therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened a working group to discuss reasons for such failure. As a result, the concept of adequately powered, blinded, randomized...
article 2007
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van Bezooijen, R.L. (author), Svensson, J.P. (author), Eefting, D. (author), Visser, A. (author), van der Horst, G. (author), Karperien, M. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), Vrieling, H. (author), Papapoulos, S.E. (author), ten Dijke, P. (author), Löwik, W.G.M.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Sclerostin is an osteocyte-derived negative regulator of bone formation. It inhibits BMP-stimulated bone formation both in vitro and in vivo but has no direct effect on BMP signaling. Instead, sclerostin inhibits Wnt signaling that is required for BMP-stimulated osteoblastic differentiation. Introduction: Sclerostin is a member of the Dan family...
article 2007
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Pires, N.M.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Daemen, M.J.A.P. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In 2001, the first human study with drug-eluting stents (DES) was published showing a nearly complete abolition of restenosis by using a sirolimus-eluting stent. This success was very encouraging to test new compounds in combination with the DES platform. Nevertheless, several other anti-restenotic compounds have been used in human clinical...
article 2006
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Westerterp, M. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Dallinga-Thie, G.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - The role of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) in the development of atherosclerosis is still undergoing debate. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of human CETP expression on atherosclerosis in APOE*3-Leiden (E3L) mice with a humanized lipoprotein profile. METHODS AND RESULTS - E3L mice were crossbred with human CETP...
article 2006
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Pant, N. (author), Hultberg, A. (author), Zhao, Y. (author), Svensson, L. (author), Pan-Hammarström, Q. (author), Johansen, K. (author), Pouwels, P.H. (author), Ruggeri, F.M. (author), Hermans, P. (author), Frenken, L. (author), Borén, T. (author), Marcotte, H. (author), Hammarström, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Background. Rotavirus-induced diarrhea poses a worldwide medical problem in causing substantial morbidity and mortality among children in developing countries. We therefore developed a system for passive immunotherapy in which recombinant lactobacilli constitutively express neutralizing variable domain of llama heavy-chain (VHH) antibody...
article 2006
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Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Boesten, L.S.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Lundholm, E. (author), Camejo, G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
OBJECTIVE - We investigated whether the dual PPARα/γ agonist tesaglitazar has anti-atherogenic effects in ApoE*3Leiden mice with reduced insulin sensitivity. METHODS AND RESULTS - ApoE*3Leiden transgenic mice were fed a high-fat (HF) insulin-resistance-inducing diet. One group received a high-cholesterol (HC) supplement (1% wt/wt; HC group). A...
article 2006
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Boesten, L.S.M. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), de Clercq, S. (author), Francoz, S. (author), van Nieuwkoop, A. (author), Biessen, E.A.L. (author), Hofmann, F. (author), Feil, S. (author), Feil, R. (author), Jochemsen, A.G. (author), Zurcher, C. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Marine, J.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
p53 is a potent inhibitor of cell growth and an inducer of apoptosis. During embryonic development, Mdm2 and Mdm4 inhibit the growth suppressive activities of p53. However, whether tight surveillance of p53 activity is required in quiescent cells is unknown. To test this, conditional inactivation of mdm2 and mdm4 was carried out in smooth muscle...
article 2006
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Boerboom, A.M.J.F. (author), Vermeulen, M. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Bremer, B.I. (author), Lee-Hilz, Y.Y. (author), Kampman, E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) is a transcriptional enhancer involved in cancer-chemoprotective gene expression modulation by certain food components. Two stably transfected luciferase reporter cell lines were developed, EpRE(hNQO1)-LUX and EpRE(mGST-Ya)-LUX, based on EpRE sequences from the human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase ...
article 2006
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Gray, S.L. (author), Dalla Nora, E. (author), Grosse, J. (author), Manieri, M. (author), Stoeger, T. (author), Medina-Gomez, G. (author), Burling, K. (author), Wattler, S. (author), Russ, A. (author), Yeo, G.S.H. (author), Chatterjee, V.K. (author), O'Rahilly, S. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Cinti, S. (author), Vidal-Puig, A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ is a key transcription factor facilitating fat deposition in adipose tissue through its proadipogenic and lipogenic actions. Human patients with dominant-negative mutations in PPARγ display lipodystrophy and extreme insulin resistance. For this reason it was completely unexpected that mice...
article 2006
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Valverde-Franco, G. (author), Binette, J.S. (author), Li, W. (author), Wang, H. (author), Chai, S. (author), Laflamme, F. (author), Tran-Khanh, N. (author), Quenneville, E. (author), Meijers, T. (author), Poole, A.R. (author), Mort, J.S. (author), Buschmann, M.D. (author), Henderson, J.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptor 3 has been identified as a key regulator of endochondral bone development and of post-natal bone metabolism through its action on growth plate chondrocytes and osteoblasts, respectively. It has also been shown to promote chondrogenesis and cartilage production by cultured pre-chondrogenic cells in response...
article 2006
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Korsheninnikova, E. (author), van der Zon, G.C.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Janssen, G.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Grefhorst, A. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Reijngoud, D.-J. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Maassen, J.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims/hypothesis: Activation of nutrient sensing through mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) has been linked to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. We examined activation of mTOR-signalling in relation to insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis in mice. Materials and methods: Chronic hepatic steatosis and hepatic insulin resistance were...
article 2006
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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