Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 20 of 36)

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Bijland, S. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Maas, A.C.E. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) activator fenofibrate efficiently decreases plasma triglycerides (TG), which is generally attributed to enhanced very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-TG clearance and decreased VLDL-TG production. However, because data on the effect of fenofibrate on VLDL production are controversial,...
article 2010
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Groux-Degroote, S. (author), van Dijk, S.M. (author), Wolthoorn, J. (author), Neumann, S. (author), Theos, A.C. (author), de Mazière, A.M. (author), Klumperman, J. (author), van Meer, G. (author), Sprong, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Melanosomes are lysosome-related organelles that coexist with lysosomes in mammalian pigment cells. Melanosomal and lysosomal membrane proteins share similar sorting signals in their cytoplasmic tail, raising the question how they are segregated. We show that in control melanocytes, the melanosomal enzymes tyrosinase-related protein 1 (Tyrp1)...
article 2008
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Hu, L. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Espirito Santo, S.M.S. (author), Out, R. (author), Kypreos, K.E. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
LPL activity plays an important role in preceding the VLDL remnant clearance via the three major apolipoprotein E (apoE)-recognizing receptors: the LDL receptor (LDLr), LDL receptor-related protein (LRP), and VLDL receptor (VLDLr). The aim of this study was to determine whether LPL activity is also important for VLDL remnant clearance...
article 2008
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Gerritsen, G. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Schaap, F.G. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kypreos, K.E. (author), Maeda, N. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Apolipoprotein E2 (apoE2)-associated hyperlipidemia is characterized by a disturbed clearance of apoE2-enriched VLDL remnants. Because excess apoE2 inhibits LPL-mediated triglyceride (TG) hydrolysis in vitro, we in vestigated whether direct or indirect stimulation of LPL activity in vivo reduces the apoE2-associated hypertriglyc-eridemia. Here,...
article 2008
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Alkemade, F.E. (author), de Gittenberger-Groot, A.C. (author), Schiel, A.E. (author), van Munsteren, J.C. (author), Hogers, B. (author), van Vliet, L.S.J. (author), Poelmann, R.E. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), de Ruiter, M.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - Maternal hypercholesterolemia is associated with a higher incidence and faster progression of atherosclerotic lesions in neonatal offspring. We aimed to determine whether an in utero environment exposing a fetus to maternal hypercholesterolemia and associated risk factors can prime the murine vessel wall to accelerated development of...
article 2007
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Krom, Y.D. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Neointima formation is the underlying mechanism of (in-stent) restenosis. 17β-Estradiol (E2) is known to inhibit injury-induced neointima formation and post-angioplasty restenosis. Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) has been demonstrated to mediate E2 anti-restenotic properties. However, the role of estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is not...
article 2007
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van Ginneken, V. (author), Verhey, E. (author), Poelmann, R. (author), Ramakers, R. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Ham, L. (author), Voshol, P. (author), Havekes, L. (author), van Eck, M. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A metabolomic approach was applied to a mouse model of starvation-induced hepatic steatosis. After 24 h of fasting it appears that starvation reduced the phospholipids (PL), free cholesterol (FC), and cholesterol esters (CE) content of low-density lipoproteins (LDL). In liver lipid profiles major changes were observed using different techniques....
article 2007
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Halter, D. (author), Neumann, S. (author), van Dijk, S.M. (author), Wolthoorn, J. (author), de Mazière, A.M. (author), Vieira, O.V. (author), Mattjus, P. (author), Klumperman, J. (author), van Meer, G. (author), Sprong, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Glycosphingolipids are controlled by the spatial organization of their metabolism and by transport specificity. Using immunoelectron microscopy, we localize to the Golgi stack the glycosyltransferases that produce glucosylceramide (GlcCer), lactosylceramide (LacCer), and GM3. GlcCer is synthesized on the cytosolic side and must translocate...
article 2007
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Ferreira, V. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), Vos, R.M. (author), van der Kaa, J. (author), Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Pannekoek, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Accumulation of lipid-laden macrophages is a hallmark of atherosclerosis. The relevance of the key transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) for macrophage-derived foam-cell formation has not been unequivocally resolved. Transgenic mice lines were generated in which NF-κB activation is specifically inhibited in macrophages by overexpressing...
article 2007
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Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Boesten, L.S.M. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), van Nieuwkoop, A. (author), Biessen, E.A.L. (author), Jukema, W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Here we describe a means to conditionally modify genes at a predefined and localized region of the vasculature using a perivascular drug delivery device (PDD). A 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT)-eluting PDD was applied around the carotid or femoral artery of a mouse strain carrying both the tamoxifen-inducible and smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific Cre...
article 2006
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Kypreos, K.E. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Zannis, V.I. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To identify the residues in the carboxyl-terminal region 260-299 of human apolipoprotein E (apoE) that contribute to hypertriglyceridemia, two sets of conserved, hydrophobic amino acids between residues 261 and 283 were mutated to alanines, and recombinant adenoviruses expressing these apoE mutants were generated. Adenovirus-mediated gene...
article 2005
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Gerritsen, G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Kypreos, K.E. (author), Zannis, V.I. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of human apolipoprotein E (apoE) induces hyperlipidemia by stimulating the VLDL-triglyceride (TG) production rate and inhibiting the LPL-mediated VLDL-TG hydrolysis rate. Because apoC-III is a strong inhibitor of TG hydrolysis, we questioned whether Apoc3 deficiency might prevent the hyperlipidemia induced by...
article 2005
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Krom, Y.D. (author), Gras, J.C.E. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Berkel, T.J. (author), Biessen, E.A.L. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Vascular smooth muscle (VSMC) and endothelial cells (EC) are particularly resistant to infection by type 5 adenovirus (Ad) vectors. To overcome this limitation and target Ad vectors to ubiquitously expressed α Vβ3/5 integrins, we have generated a linker protein consisting of the extracellular domain of the coxsackie adenovirus receptor (CAR)...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Grefhorst, A. (author), van Dijk, T.H. (author), Hammer, A. (author), van der Sluijs, F.H. (author), Havinga, R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Groot, P.H. (author), Reijngoud, D.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author)
Liver X receptor (LXR) agonists have been proposed to act as anti-diabetic drugs. However, pharmacological LXR activation leads to severe hepatic steatosis, a condition usually associated with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. To address this apparent contradiction, lean and ob/ob mice were treated with the LXR agonist GW-3965 for...
article 2005
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Bovenschen, N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Mertens, K. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) contributes to factor VIII (FVIII) catabolism in vivo. Besides LRP, FVIII also interacts with very low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) in vitro. We investigated the physiological role of VLDLR in FVIII catabolism, using knockout mouse models for VLDLR and LRP, alone and in combination....
article 2004
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Schaap, F.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Vrins, C. (author), van der Vliet, H.N. (author), Chamuleau, R.A.F.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
ApoAV has been discovered recently as a novel modifier of triglyceride (TG) metabolism, but the pathways involved are currently unknown. To gain insight into the function of apoAV, adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of murine apoa5 to C57Bl/6 mice was employed. The injection of low doses of Ad-apoa5 (1-5 x 108 plaque-forming units/mouse) dose...
article 2004
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Espirito Santo, S.M.S. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Boesten, L.S.M. (author), Gerritsen, G. (author), Bovenschen, N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Bensadoun, A. (author), Li, W.P. (author), Herz, J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein (LRP) has a well-established role in the hepatic removal of atherogenic apolipoprotein E (APOE)-rich remnant lipoproteins from plasma. In addition, LRP recognizes multiple distinct pro- and antiatherogenic ligands in vitro. Here, we investigated the role of hepatic LRP in atherogenesis...
article 2004
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Goudriaan, J.R. (author), Espirito Santo, S.M.S. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Teusink, B. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The VLDL receptor (VLDLr) is involved in tissue delivery of VLDL-triglyceride (TG)-derived FFA by facilitating the expression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). However, vldlr-/- mice do not show altered plasma lipoprotein levels, despite reduced LPL expression. Because LPL activity is crucial in postprandial lipid metabolism, we investigated whether...
article 2004
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Gerritsen, G. (author), Kypreos, K.E. (author), van der Zee, A. (author), Teusink, B. (author), Zannis, V.I. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Familial dysbetalipoproteinemia associated with the apolipoprotein E2 (APOE2) genotype is a recessive disorder with low penetrance. We have investigated whether additional expression of full-length APOE3, APOE4, or a truncated variant of APOE4 (APOE4-202) can reduce APOE2-associated hyperlipidemia. This was achieved using adenovirus-mediated...
article 2003
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Teusink, B. (author), Mensenkamp, A.R. (author), van der Boom, H. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Apolipoprotein (apo) E stimulates the secretion of very low density lipoproteins (VLDLs) by an as yet unknown mechanism. Recently, a working mechanism for apoE was proposed (Twisk, J., Gillian-Daniel, D. L., Tebon, A., Wang, L., Barrett, P. H., and Attie, A. D. (2000) J. Clin. Invest. 105, 521-532) in which apoE prevents the inhibitory action of...
article 2001
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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