Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 20 of 183)

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Bijland, S. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Maas, A.C.E. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) activator fenofibrate efficiently decreases plasma triglycerides (TG), which is generally attributed to enhanced very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-TG clearance and decreased VLDL-TG production. However, because data on the effect of fenofibrate on VLDL production are controversial,...
article 2010
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Kienhuis, A.S. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Hoflack, J.C. (author), Moonen, E.J. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Sandwich-cultured primary rat hepatocytes are often used as an in vitro model in toxicology and pharmacology. However, loss of liver-specific functions, in particular, the decline of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme activity, limits the value of this model for prediction of in vivo toxicity. In this study, we investigated whether a hepatic in vitro...
article 2006
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Maas, W.J.M. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Precision-cut liver slices are frequently used to study hepatic toxicity and metabolism of xenobiotics in vitro. Successful cryopreservation techniques will enhance an efficient and economic use of scarcely available (human) liver tissue. For primary hepatocytes, slow freezing has been accepted as the best approach towards successful...
article 2000
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Clish, C.B. (author), Davidov, E. (author), Oresic, M. (author), Plasterer, T.N. (author), Lavine, G. (author), Londo, T. (author), Meys, M. (author), Snell, P. (author), Stochaj, W. (author), Adourian, A. (author), Zhang, X. (author), Morel, N. (author), Neumann, E. (author), Verheij, E. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Afeyan, N. (author), Regnier, F. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Naylor, S. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Integrative (or systems biology) is a new approach to analyzing biological entities as integrated systems of genetic, genomic, protein, metabolite, cellular, and pathway events that are in flux and interdependent. Here, we demonstrate the application of intregrative biological analysis to a mammalian disease model, the apolipoprotein E3-Leiden ...
article 2004
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Lina, B.A.R. (author), Bos-Kuijpers, M.H.M. (author), Til, H.P. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The potential toxicity and carcinogenicity of erythritol, a low-calorie sugar substitute, were examined in Wistar Crl:(WI) WU BR rats. Groups of 50 rats of each sex consumed diets with 0, 2, 5, or 10% erythritol, or 10% mannitol, for a period of 104-107 weeks. To each of these main groups, two satellite groups of 20 males each were attached for...
article 1996
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Izeboud, C.A. (author), Hoebe, K.H.N. (author), Grootendorst, A.F. (author), Nijmeijer, S.M. (author), van Miert, A.S. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Rodenburg, R.J.T. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective and Design: To investigate the effects of β2- adrenoceptor (β2-AR) stimulation on endotoxin-induced liver damage and systemic cytokine levels in rats. Subjects: Standard male Wistar rats. Treatment: A disease-model of lipolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute systemic inflammation was used. The β2-selective AR agonist clenbuterol was...
article 2004
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van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Pearce, N.J. (author), Bergö, M. (author), Staels, B. (author), Yates, J.W. (author), Gribble, A.D. (author), Bond, B.C. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Groot, P.H.E. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Apolipoprotein (APO) E*3-Leiden mice with impaired chylomicron and VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) remnant metabolism display hyperlipidaemia and atherosclerosis. In the present study, these mice were used for testing the hypolipidaemic effect of two marketed agents, lovastatin (CAS 75330-75-5) and gemfibrozil (CAS 25812-30-0) as well as a...
article 1998
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Korst, A.E.C. (author), Boven, E. (author), van der Sterre, M.L.T. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.M.J. (author), van der Vijgh, W.J.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Amifostine (Ethyol, WR-2721) is in use in the clinic as a protector against platinum-induced toxicities. We have previously reported that amifostine induced a potentiation of the antitumour activity of carboplatin in human ovarian cancer xenografts. An influence of amifostine on the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, resulting in higher platinum...
article 1998
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Kockx, M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Fibrates are used to lower plasma triglycerides and cholesterol levels in hyperlipidemic patients. In addition, fibrates have been found to alter the plasma concentrations of fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I). We have investigated the in vitro effects of fibrates on fibrinogen, PAI-1 and apo A...
article 1998
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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Mol, I.M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonism has been shown to affect multiple steps in both the synthesis and catabolism of HDL, but its integrated effect on HDL metabolism in vivo remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the net effect of PXR agonism on HDL metabolism in ApoE*3-Leiden (E3L) and E3L.CETP mice, well-established models for...
article 2009
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de Beer, F. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), van Vark, L.C. (author), van der Zee, A. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Fallaux, F.J. (author), Hoeben, R.C. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The apolipoprotein E2 (Lys146→Gln) variant is associated with a dominant form of familial dysbetalipoproteinemia. Heterozygous carriers of this variant have elevated levels of plasma triglycerides, cholesterol, and apolipoprotein E (apoE). It was hypothesized that the high amounts of triglycerides in the very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)...
article 2000
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de Roos, B. (author), Duivenvoorden, I. (author), Rucklidge, G. (author), Reid, M. (author), Ross, K. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Teusink, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2005
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Rezaee, F. (author), Maas, A. (author), de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Koopman, J. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Many epidemiological studies suggest that elevated plasma fibrinogen concentrations form one of the most important independent risk factors in blood for cardiovascular disease and particularly atherosclerosis in humans. To clarify the effect of genetic factors, diets and their interactions on plasma fibrinogen concentrations, we examined plasma...
article 2002
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Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Punt, A. (author), Delatour, T. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effects of a basil extract on the sulfation and concomitant DNA adduct formation of the proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxyestragole were studied using rat and human liver S9 homogenates and the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Basil was chosen since it contains the procarcinogen estragole that can be metabolized to 1′-hydroxyestragole by...
article 2008
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Lu, Y. (author), Boekschoten, M.V. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Müller, M. (author), Kersten, S. (author)
Comparative transcriptomic and metabolomic analysis of fenofibrate and fish oil treatments in mice. Physiol Genomics 43: 1307-1318, 2011. First published September 27, 2011; doi:10.1152/physiolgenomics.00100.2011. Elevated circulating triglycerides, which are considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, can be targeted by treatment with...
article 2011
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Horbach, G.J.M.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), van der Kroef, M. (author), van Bezooijen, C.F.A. (author), Yap, S.H. (author)
To investigate the regulation of age-related changes in albumin synthesis in the rat liver, total postnuclear RNA and polyribosomes, both membrane-bound and free, were prepared from livers of rats of different ages. By the use of a specific complementary DNA probe, the albumin mRNA sequence content was quantitated in these RNA fractions. These...
article 1984
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Appel, M.J. (author), Meijers, M. (author), van Garderen-Hoetmer, A. (author), Lamers, C.B.H.W. (author), Rovati, L.C. (author), Sprij-Mooij, D. (author), Jansen, J.B.M.J. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The role of cholecystokinin in dietary fat-promoted pancreatic carcinogenesis was investigated in azaserine-treated rats, using lorglumide, a highly specific cholecystokinin-receptor antagonist. The animals were killed 8 months after the start of treatment. Cholecystokinin, but not dietary unsaturated fat, increased pancreatic weight. Rats...
article 1992
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Twisk, J. (author), Hoekman, M.F.M. (author), Lehmann, E.M. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Mager, W.H. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Evidence from in vivo studies indicates that the bile acid pool and bile acid excretion are increased in humans with diabetes mellitus and in experimental diabetic animals, and that both parameters return to normal levels after administration of insulin. To investigate the biochemical background of these changes, the effects of insulin on bile...
article 1995
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Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Steenwinkel, M.J.S.T. (author), van Asten, J.G. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To study the possible reduction by eugenol of the mutagenicity and genotoxicity of benzoja]pyrene (B[a]P) in vivo, the X-lacZ-transgenic mouse strain 40.6 (Muta(TM)Mouse) was used. Male mice were fed a diet containing 0.4% (w/w) eugenol or a control diet for 58 days. On day 10, half of the mice received an i.p. dose of 100 mg/kg b.w. B[a]P. The...
article 1996
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Muurling, M. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Mensink, R.P. (author), Hornstra, G. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Previous studies have shown that energy restriction (ER) or low-fat (LF) diets have beneficial effects on high-fat (HF) diet-induced obesity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes. However, comparison between ER and low-fat diet regarding the effect on insulin resistance and lipid metabolism has not been reported. After inducing insulin resistance...
article 2002
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 20 of 183)

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