Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), Tuin, A.W. (author), Mol, M.A.E. (author), van den Berg, R.M. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van der Marel, G.A. (author), Overkleeft, H.S. (author), Noort, D. (author)
Elucidation of noncholinesterase protein targets of organophosphates, and nerve agents in particular, may reveal additional mechanisms for their high toxicity as well as clues for novel therapeutic approaches toward intoxications with these agents. Within this framework, we here describe the synthesis of the activity-based probe 3, which...
article 2009
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Adourian, A. (author), Jennings, E. (author), Balasubramanian, R. (author), Hines, W.M. (author), Damian, D. (author), Plasterer, T.N. (author), Clish, C.B. (author), Stroobant, P. (author), McBurney, R. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Bobeldijk, I. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Lindberg, J. (author), Kenne, K. (author), Andersson, U. (author), Hellmold, H. (author), Nilsson, K. (author), Salter, H. (author), Schuppe-Koistinen, I. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
High-throughput biomolecular profiling techniques such as transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics are increasingly being used in in vivo studies to recognize and characterize effects of xenobiotics on organs and systems. Of particular interest are biomarkers of treatment-related effects which are detectible in easily accessible biological...
article 2008
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Mandard, S. (author), Zandbergen, F. (author), Nguan, S.T. (author), Escher, P. (author), Patsouris, D. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Bakker, A. (author), Veenman, F. (author), Wahli, W. (author), Müller, M. (author), Kersten, S. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The fasting-induced adipose factor (FIAF, ANGPTL4, PGAR, HFARP) was previously identified as a novel adipocytokine that was up-regulated by fasting, by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, and by hypoxia. To further characterize FIAF, we studied regulation of FIAF mRNA and protein in liver and adipose cell lines as well as in...
article 2004
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Rezaee, F. (author), Maas, A. (author), de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Koopman, J. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Many epidemiological studies suggest that elevated plasma fibrinogen concentrations form one of the most important independent risk factors in blood for cardiovascular disease and particularly atherosclerosis in humans. To clarify the effect of genetic factors, diets and their interactions on plasma fibrinogen concentrations, we examined plasma...
article 2002
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Maas, W.J.M. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Precision-cut liver slices are frequently used to study hepatic toxicity and metabolism of xenobiotics in vitro. Successful cryopreservation techniques will enhance an efficient and economic use of scarcely available (human) liver tissue. For primary hepatocytes, slow freezing has been accepted as the best approach towards successful...
article 2000
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van Puymbroeck, M. (author), Kuilman, M.E.M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Leyssens, L. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Hendriks, L. (author), van der Zande, D.J.M. (author), Adriaensens, P. (author), Jacobs, M.-P. (author), Raus, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The metabolism of the illegal growth promoter ethylestrenol (EES) was evaluated in bovine liver cells and subcellular fractions of bovine liver preparations. Incubations with bovine microsomal preparations revealed that EES is extensively biotransformed into norethandrolone (NE), another illegal growth promoter. Furthermore, incubations of...
article 1999
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van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Pearce, N.J. (author), Bergö, M. (author), Staels, B. (author), Yates, J.W. (author), Gribble, A.D. (author), Bond, B.C. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Groot, P.H.E. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Apolipoprotein (APO) E*3-Leiden mice with impaired chylomicron and VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) remnant metabolism display hyperlipidaemia and atherosclerosis. In the present study, these mice were used for testing the hypolipidaemic effect of two marketed agents, lovastatin (CAS 75330-75-5) and gemfibrozil (CAS 25812-30-0) as well as a...
article 1998
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Twisk, J. (author), Hoekman, M.F.M. (author), Lehmann, E.M. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Mager, W.H. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Evidence from in vivo studies indicates that the bile acid pool and bile acid excretion are increased in humans with diabetes mellitus and in experimental diabetic animals, and that both parameters return to normal levels after administration of insulin. To investigate the biochemical background of these changes, the effects of insulin on bile...
article 1995
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Twisk, J. (author), de Wit, E.C.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In previous work we have demonstrated suppression of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase by bile acids at the level of mRNA and transcription, resulting in a similar decline in bile acid synthesis in cultured rat hepatocytes. In view of the substantial contribution of the 'alternative' or '27-hydroxylase' route to total bile acid synthesis, as...
article 1995
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Claassen, I.J.T.M. (author), Osterhaus, A.D.M.E. (author), Claassen, E. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Several mechanisms have been postulated to explain the relatively high immunogenicity of antigens presented in immune-stimulating complexes (iscom). Their potency can in part be explained by the specific targeting of these structures to cells presenting antigens to the immune system. However, until now no method for the subcellular detection of...
article 1995
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Twisk, J. (author), Hoekman, M.F.M. (author), Mager, W.H. (author), Moorman, A.F.M. (author), de Boer, P.A.J. (author), Scheja, L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Gebhardt, R. (author), Instituut voor Verouderings- en Vaatziekten Onderzoek TNO (author)
We investigated the lobular localization and molecular level of expression of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase and sterol 27-hydroxylase, two key enzymes in bile acid synthesis, in isolated periportal and pericentral hepatocytes and by in situ hybridization of rat liver. Enzyme activity, mRNA, and gene transcription of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase were...
article 1995
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Seifert, W.F. (author), Bosma, A. (author), Brouwer, A. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Roholl, P.J.M. (author), van Leeuwen, R.E.W. (author), de Thiel van-Ruiter, G.C.F. (author), Seifert-Bock, I. (author), Knook, D.L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Earlier studies have shown that retinoid administration suppresses the generation of hepatic fibrosis and stimulates its regression in normal (i.e., vitamin A-sufficient) carbon tetrachloride-treated rats. This study focuses on the possible role of a marginal or deficient vitamin A status on carbon tetrachloride-induced fibrosis. This...
article 1994
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Bosma, A. (author), Seifert, W.F. (author), de Thiel van - Ruiter, G.C.F. (author), van Leeuwen, R.E.W. (author), Blauw, B. (author), Roholl, P. (author), Knook, D.L. (author), Brouwer, A. (author), Gaubius Laboratory TNO Preventie en Gezondheid Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were malnourished for 12 months with a highly inadequate fat-rich, calorie-sufficient but otherwise poly-deficient liquid diet composed of mashed potatoes with mayonnaise, comparable with the nutritional intake of many chronic alcoholics. When alcohol was incorporated into this diet, administered as whisky in drinking water available ad...
article 1994
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Twisk, J. (author), Lehmann, E.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
We have used primary monolayer cultures of rat hepatocytes to study the effects of physiological concentrations of various bile acids, commonly found in bile of normal rats, on the mechanism of regulation of cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase and bile acid synthesis. Addition of taurocholic acid, the most predominant bile acid in rat bile, to the...
article 1993
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Dahlback-Sjoberg, H. (author), Bjorkhem, I. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author)
It was demonstrated recently that cyclosporin A blocks bile acid synthesis in cultured rat and human hepatocytes by specific inhibition of chenodeoxycholic acid formation. The site of inhibition was found to be the 27-hydroxylation of cholesterol catalysed by the liver mitochondrial 27-hydroxylase. In this paper the mechanism by which...
article 1993
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Appel, M.J. (author), Meijers, M. (author), van Garderen-Hoetmer, A. (author), Lamers, C.B.H.W. (author), Rovati, L.C. (author), Sprij-Mooij, D. (author), Jansen, J.B.M.J. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The role of cholecystokinin in dietary fat-promoted pancreatic carcinogenesis was investigated in azaserine-treated rats, using lorglumide, a highly specific cholecystokinin-receptor antagonist. The animals were killed 8 months after the start of treatment. Cholecystokinin, but not dietary unsaturated fat, increased pancreatic weight. Rats...
article 1992
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Claassen, E. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
A fast and simple method for the in vivo/in situ detection of liposomes is described. Utilizing lipophilic carbocyanine dyes, DiI and DiO, yellow (or red) and green fluorescent liposomes can be visualised with routinely available filters. The main advantages of the method are (i) the vesicles can be labelled after they are formed and (ii) the...
article 1992
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Otter, M. (author), Kuiper, J. (author), Bos, R. (author), Rijken, D.C. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Gaubius Laboratory Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
The interaction of 125I-labelled tissue-type plasminogen activator (125I-t-PA) with freshly isolated rat parenchymal and endothelial liver cells was studied. Binding experiments at 4°C with parenchymal cells and endothelial liver cells indicated the presence of 68000 and 44000 high-affinity t-PA-binding sites, with an apparent K(d) of 3.5 and 4...
article 1992
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Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
Eight dimeric isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase (GST) were purified from liver, kidney and testis of the Syrian golden hamster, using S-hexylglutathione affinity chromatography and chromatofocusing. The isoenzymes were characterized according to their substrate selectivity, physical properties and amino acid sequence analysis. Thus a...
article 1992
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Wolthers, B.G. (author), Vonk, R.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author)
Bile acid synthesis, determined by conversion of [4-14C]cholesterol into bile acids in rat and human hepatocytes and by measurement of mass production of bile acids in rat hepatocytes, was dose-dependently decreased by cyclosporin A, with 52% (rat) and 45% (human) inhibition at 10 μM. The decreased bile acid production in rat hepatocytes was due...
article 1991
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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