Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 12 of 12)
document
Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Nikolsky, Y. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Smith, G.J. (author), Kaznacheev, V. (author), Nikolskaya, T. (author), Melnikov, A. (author), Hurt-Camejo, E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Increased dietary cholesterol intake is associated with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis development requires a lipid and an inflammatory component. It is unclear where and how the inflammatory component develops. To assess the role of the liver in the evolution of inflammation, we treated ApoE* 3Leiden mice with cholesterol-free ...
article 2007
document
Kienhuis, A.S. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Hoflack, J.C. (author), Moonen, E.J. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Sandwich-cultured primary rat hepatocytes are often used as an in vitro model in toxicology and pharmacology. However, loss of liver-specific functions, in particular, the decline of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme activity, limits the value of this model for prediction of in vivo toxicity. In this study, we investigated whether a hepatic in vitro...
article 2006
document
Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Benzene is an industrial chemical, component of automobile exhaust and cigarette smoke. After hepatic bioactivation benzene induces bone marrow, blood and hepatic toxicity. Using a toxicogenomics approach this study analysed the effects of benzene at three dose levels on gene expression in the liver after 28 daily doses. NMR based metabolomics...
article 2005
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study investigated whether integrated analysis of transcriptomics and metabolomics data increased the sensitivity of detection and provided new insight in the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity. Metabolite levels in plasma or urine were analyzed in relation to changes in hepatic gene expression in rats that received bromobenzene to induce acute...
article 2005
document
Stierum, R. (author), Heijne, W. (author), Kienhuis, A. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Groten, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics are genomics technologies with great potential in toxicological sciences. Toxicogenomics involves the integration of conventional toxicological examinations with gene, protein or metabolite expression profiles. An overview together with selected examples of the possibilities of genomics in toxicology...
article 2005
document
Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Slijper, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Toxicogenomics is a novel approach integrating the expression analysis of thousands of genes (transcriptomics) or proteins (proteomics) with classical methods in toxicology. Effects at the molecular level are related to pathophysiological changes of the organisms, enabling detailed comparison of mechanisms and early detection and prediction of...
article 2003
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Dommels, Y.E.M. (author), Heemskerk, S. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Modulating effects of high fat fish oil (HFFO) and high fat corn oil (HFCO) diets on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) were studied in male F344 rats following 8 weeks of dietary treatment. The incidence of AOM-induced ACF was significantly lower in the proximal colon of rats fed the HFFO diets compared with rats fed...
article 2003
document
van der Aar, E.M. (author), Buikema, D. (author), Commandeur, J.N.M. (author), te Koppele, J.M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), Leiden/Amsterdam Ctr. for Drug Res., Department of Pharmacochemistry, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, Netherlands TNO Preventie en Gezondheid TNO Voeding (author)
1. Four different rat glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes, belonging to three different classes, were examined for their GSH conjugating capacity towards 11 2-substituted 1-chloro-4-nitrobenzene derivatives. Significant differences were found in their enzyme kinetic parameters K(m), k(cat) and k(cat)/K(m). 2. Substrates with bulky...
article 1996
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Soffers, A.E.M.F. (author), Ploemen, J.H.T.M. (author), Moonen, M.J.H. (author), Wobbes, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Quantitative structure - activity relationships (QSAR's) are described for the rate of conjugation of a series of fluoronitrobenzenes with cytosolic as well as with two major alpha and mu class enzymes of rat and human liver, viz., glutathione S-transferases (GST) 1-1, 3-3, A1-1, and M1a-1a. For all purified enzymes studied, the natural...
article 1996
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Hissink, E. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bogaards, J.J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
article 1996
document
Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
Eight dimeric isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase (GST) were purified from liver, kidney and testis of the Syrian golden hamster, using S-hexylglutathione affinity chromatography and chromatofocusing. The isoenzymes were characterized according to their substrate selectivity, physical properties and amino acid sequence analysis. Thus a...
article 1992
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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