Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 13 of 13)
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Punt, A. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Delatour, T. (author), Scholz, G. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Schilter, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present study defines a physiologically based biokinetic (PBBK) model for the alkenylbenzene estragole in rat based on in vitro metabolic parameters determined using relevant tissue fractions, in silico derived partition coefficients, and physiological parameters derived from the literature. The model consists of eight compartments including...
article 2008
document
Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study investigated whether integrated analysis of transcriptomics and metabolomics data increased the sensitivity of detection and provided new insight in the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity. Metabolite levels in plasma or urine were analyzed in relation to changes in hepatic gene expression in rats that received bromobenzene to induce acute...
article 2005
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Slijper, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Toxicogenomics is a novel approach integrating the expression analysis of thousands of genes (transcriptomics) or proteins (proteomics) with classical methods in toxicology. Effects at the molecular level are related to pathophysiological changes of the organisms, enabling detailed comparison of mechanisms and early detection and prediction of...
article 2003
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Dommels, Y.E.M. (author), Heemskerk, S. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Modulating effects of high fat fish oil (HFFO) and high fat corn oil (HFCO) diets on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) were studied in male F344 rats following 8 weeks of dietary treatment. The incidence of AOM-induced ACF was significantly lower in the proximal colon of rats fed the HFFO diets compared with rats fed...
article 2003
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Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Venekamp, J.C. (author), Salmon, F.G.C. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In the present study, the enzymatic conjugation of the isoprene monoepoxides 3,4 epoxy-3-methyl-1-butene (EPOX-I) and 3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-1-butene (EPOX-II) with glutathione was investigated, using purified glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) of the α, μ, π and θ-class of rat and man. HPLC analysis of incubations of EPOX-I and EPOX-II with [35S...
article 1999
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Sherratt, P.J. (author), Manson, M.M. (author), Thomson, A.M. (author), Hissink, E.A.M. (author), Neal, G.E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Green, T. (author), Hayes, J.D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A characteristic feature of the class Theta glutathione S-transferase (GST) T1-1 is its ability to activate dichloromethane and dibromoethane by catalysing the formation of mutagenic conjugates. The level of the GSTT1 subunit within tissues is an important determinant of susceptibility to the carcinogenic effects of these dihaloalkanes. In the...
article 1998
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Groten, J.P. (author), Schoen, E.D. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), van Zorge, J.A. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The present study was intended (1) to find out whether simultaneous administration of nine chemicals at a concentration equal to the 'no-observed-adverse-effect level' (NOAEL) for each of them would result in a NOAEL for the combination and (2) to test the usefulness of fractionated factorial models to detect possible interactions between...
article 1997
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van der Aar, E.M. (author), Buikema, D. (author), Commandeur, J.N.M. (author), te Koppele, J.M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), Leiden/Amsterdam Ctr. for Drug Res., Department of Pharmacochemistry, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, Netherlands TNO Preventie en Gezondheid TNO Voeding (author)
1. Four different rat glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes, belonging to three different classes, were examined for their GSH conjugating capacity towards 11 2-substituted 1-chloro-4-nitrobenzene derivatives. Significant differences were found in their enzyme kinetic parameters K(m), k(cat) and k(cat)/K(m). 2. Substrates with bulky...
article 1996
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Soffers, A.E.M.F. (author), Ploemen, J.H.T.M. (author), Moonen, M.J.H. (author), Wobbes, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Quantitative structure - activity relationships (QSAR's) are described for the rate of conjugation of a series of fluoronitrobenzenes with cytosolic as well as with two major alpha and mu class enzymes of rat and human liver, viz., glutathione S-transferases (GST) 1-1, 3-3, A1-1, and M1a-1a. For all purified enzymes studied, the natural...
article 1996
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Hissink, E. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bogaards, J.J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
article 1996
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Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Ploemen, J.H.T.M. (author), Jespersen, S. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The irreversible and reversible inhibition of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) by eugenol was studied in rat, mouse and man. Using liver cytosol of human, rat and mouse, species differences were found in the rate of irreversible inhibition of GSTs by eugenol in the presence of the enzyme tyrosinase. Tyrosinase was used to oxidize eugenol. No...
article 1996
document
Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
Eight dimeric isoenzymes of glutathione S-transferase (GST) were purified from liver, kidney and testis of the Syrian golden hamster, using S-hexylglutathione affinity chromatography and chromatofocusing. The isoenzymes were characterized according to their substrate selectivity, physical properties and amino acid sequence analysis. Thus a...
article 1992
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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