Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 12 of 12)
document
Stierum, R. (author), Conesa, A. (author), Heijne, W. (author), Ommen, B.v. (author), Junker, K. (author), Scott, M.P. (author), Price, R.J. (author), Meredith, C. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), Groten, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Transcriptomics was performed to gain insight into mechanisms of food additives butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), curcumin (CC), propyl gallate (PG), and thiabendazole (TB), additives for which interactions in the liver can not be excluded. Additives were administered in diets for 28 days to Sprague-Dawley rats and cDNA microarray experiments were...
article 2008
document
Hendriksen, P.J.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Thissen, U. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Mumtaz, M.M. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present research aimed to study the interaction of three chemicals, methyl mercury, benzene and trichloroethylene, on mRNA expression alterations in rat liver and kidney measured by microarray analysis. These compounds were selected based on presumed different modes of action. The chemicals were administered daily for 14 days at the Lowest...
article 2007
document
Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Benzene is an industrial chemical, component of automobile exhaust and cigarette smoke. After hepatic bioactivation benzene induces bone marrow, blood and hepatic toxicity. Using a toxicogenomics approach this study analysed the effects of benzene at three dose levels on gene expression in the liver after 28 daily doses. NMR based metabolomics...
article 2005
document
Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study investigated whether integrated analysis of transcriptomics and metabolomics data increased the sensitivity of detection and provided new insight in the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity. Metabolite levels in plasma or urine were analyzed in relation to changes in hepatic gene expression in rats that received bromobenzene to induce acute...
article 2005
document
Stierum, R. (author), Heijne, W. (author), Kienhuis, A. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Groten, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics are genomics technologies with great potential in toxicological sciences. Toxicogenomics involves the integration of conventional toxicological examinations with gene, protein or metabolite expression profiles. An overview together with selected examples of the possibilities of genomics in toxicology...
article 2005
document
Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
document
Price, R.J. (author), Scott, M.P. (author), Walters, D.G. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Meredith, C. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The effect of thiabendazole (TB) on some rat hepatic xenobiotic metabolising enzymes has been investigated. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed control diet or diets containing 102-5188 ppm TB for 28 days. As a positive control for induction of hepatic xenobiotic metabolism, rats were also fed diets containing 1457 and 10,155 ppm butylated...
article 2004
document
Maas, W.J.M. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Precision-cut liver slices are frequently used to study hepatic toxicity and metabolism of xenobiotics in vitro. Successful cryopreservation techniques will enhance an efficient and economic use of scarcely available (human) liver tissue. For primary hepatocytes, slow freezing has been accepted as the best approach towards successful...
article 2000
document
Maas, W.J.M. (author), de Graaf, I.A.M. (author), Schoen, E.D. (author), Koster, H.J. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A number of studies on the cryopreservation of precision-cut liver slices using various techniques have been reported. However, the identification of important factors that determine cell viability following cryopreservation is difficult because of large differences between the various methods published. The aim of this study was to evaluate...
article 2000
document
Graaf, I.A.M. (author), Tajima, O. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and cell proliferation were studied in control and 1,1'-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2,-trichloroethane (DDT) treated precision-cut liver slices of rat by evaluating connexin 32 (Cx32) expression and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation. In addition, the effect of different culture media (RPMI...
article 2000
document
Groten, J.P. (author), Schoen, E.D. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), van Zorge, J.A. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The present study was intended (1) to find out whether simultaneous administration of nine chemicals at a concentration equal to the 'no-observed-adverse-effect level' (NOAEL) for each of them would result in a NOAEL for the combination and (2) to test the usefulness of fractionated factorial models to detect possible interactions between...
article 1997
document
Groten, J.P. (author), Schoen, E.D. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The use of factorial designs, in which n chemicals are studied at x(n) dose levels (x treatment groups), has been put forward as one of the valuable statistical approaches for hazard assessment of chemical mixtures. Very recently a '25 study' was presented to describe interactions between the carcinogenic activity of five polycyclic aromatic...
article 1996
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 12 of 12)