Searched for: subject%3A%22Animals%22
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de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Haverkate, F. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
On October 1, 1997, a 1 day hot-topic workshop on C-reactive protein (CRP) was organized in Leiden, the Netherlands, aiming at further evaluating the importance of inflammation as a critical mechanism in cardiovascular disease. C-reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase protein that is associated with risk of cardiovascular events in healthy...
article 1998
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Delsing, D.J.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), van de Wiel, M.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), van der Laarse, A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
This study was designed to investigate the potential antiatherosclerotic effects of the calcium antagonist amlodipine as compared with the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor atorvastatin and the combination of both in ApoE*3-Leiden transgenic mice. Four groups of 15 ApoE*3-Leiden mice were put on a high-cholesterol diet. One group received 0.002% (wt...
article 2003
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), de Rooij, B.J. (author), Lindeman, J. (author), de Maat, M.M. (author), Szalai, A.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Inflammatory processes, aside from cholesterol, play a central role in atherogenesis. Human C-reactive protein (huCRP) signals systemic inflammation and independently predicts future cardiovascular risk. Cholesterol-lowering statins reduce atherosclerosis and plasma huCRP levels. Evidence is sought for a direct anti-inflammatory statin effect in...
article 2004
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de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Trion, A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Purpose of review C-reactive protein (CRP) is consistently associated with cardiovascular disease in prospective and cross-sectional clinical and epidemiological studies. Inflammation is an important mechanism in cardiovascular disease, and the plasma level of CRP is considered to. reflect the inflammatory condition of the patient and/or the...
article 2004
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Trion, A. (author), de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), van der Laarse, A. (author), Maas, M.C. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Szalai, A.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective - C-reactive protein (CRP) has been associated with risk of cardiovascular disease. It is not clear whether CRP is causally involved in the development of atherosclerosis. Mouse CRP is not expressed at high levels under normal conditions and increases in concentration only several-fold during an acute phase response. Because the...
article 2005
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Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Boesten, L.S.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Lundholm, E. (author), Camejo, G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
OBJECTIVE - We investigated whether the dual PPARα/γ agonist tesaglitazar has anti-atherogenic effects in ApoE*3Leiden mice with reduced insulin sensitivity. METHODS AND RESULTS - ApoE*3Leiden transgenic mice were fed a high-fat (HF) insulin-resistance-inducing diet. One group received a high-cholesterol (HC) supplement (1% wt/wt; HC group). A...
article 2006
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Kooistra, T. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van der Vries de-Weij, J. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Toet, K. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - To demonstrate, quantify, and mechanistically dissect antiatherosclerotic effects of fenofibrate besides lowering plasma cholesterol per se. METHODS AND RESULTS - ApoE*3Leiden transgenic mice received either a high-cholesterol diet (HC) or HC containing fenofibrate (HC+FF) resulting in 52% plasma cholesterol-lowering. In a separate...
article 2006
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Burger-Kentischer, A. (author), Göbel, H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Zernecke, A. (author), Bucala, R. (author), Leng, L. (author), Finkelmeier, D. (author), Geiger, G. (author), Schaefer, H.E. (author), Schober, A. (author), Weber, C. (author), Brunner, H. (author), Rütten, H. (author), Ihling, C. (author), Bernhagen, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory response of the arterial wall to "injury", which is prominently driven by cytokines. The inflammatory mediator macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a unique cytokine that was recently associated with atherogenesis. Here, we have investigated whether MIF has a role in spontaneous atherosclerosis by...
article 2006
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Schepers, A. (author), Eefting, D. (author), Bonta, P.I. (author), Grimbergen, J.M. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), van Weel, V. (author), de Vries, C.J. (author), Egashira, K. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - Because late vein graft failure is caused by intimal hyperplasia (IH) and accelerated atherosclerosis, and these processes are thought to be inflammation driven, influx of monocytes is one of the first phenomena seen in IH, we would like to provide direct evidence for a role of the MCP-1 pathway in the development of vein graft...
article 2006
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Oude Nijhuis, M.M. (author), van Keulen, J.K. (author), Pasterkamp, G. (author), Quax, P.H. (author), de Kleijn, D.P.V. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Innate immunity is the first line of defence against invading micro-organisms. The family of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognizes pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are carried by the invading micro-organisms. Infectious pathogens have been implicated to play an important role in atherosclerosis. Nowadays, evidence is...
article 2007
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Nikolsky, Y. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Smith, G.J. (author), Kaznacheev, V. (author), Nikolskaya, T. (author), Melnikov, A. (author), Hurt-Camejo, E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Increased dietary cholesterol intake is associated with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis development requires a lipid and an inflammatory component. It is unclear where and how the inflammatory component develops. To assess the role of the liver in the evolution of inflammation, we treated ApoE* 3Leiden mice with cholesterol-free ...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author)
AIM: This study was designed to investigate the effect of the angiotensin II receptor blocker olmesartan alone, or in combination with standard treatment with a statin, pravastatin, on atherosclerosis development in APOE*3Leiden transgenic mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four groups of 15 mice received an atherogenic diet alone (plasma cholesterol 17...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), van Mierlo, G.J.D. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
BACKGROUND - Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which is released from Gram-negative bacteria on multiplication or lysis, aggravates atherosclerosis in humans and rodents by inducing inflammation via toll-like receptors. Because apolipoprotein C-I (apoCI) enhances the LPS-induced inflammatory response in macrophages in vitro and in mice, we investigated...
article 2007
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Kleemann, R. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
In the past few years, inflammation has emerged as a major driving force of atherosclerotic lesion development. It is now well-established that from early lesion to vulnerable plaque formation, numerous cellular and molecular inflammatory components participate in the disease process. The most prominent cells that invade in evolving lesions are...
article 2008
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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Gautier, T. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
BACKGROUND - Although cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibition is regarded as a promising strategy to reduce atherosclerosis by increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, the CETP inhibitor torcetrapib given in addition to atorvastatin had no effect on atherosclerosis and even increased cardiovascular death in the recent...
article 2008
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van der Vries de Weij, J. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Kooistra, T. (author)
The aim of this study was to define the anti-atherosclerotic role of liver-X-receptors (LXRs) under lesion progressive and lesion regressive conditions, to establish a temporal line of events, and to gain insights into the mechanisms underlying the anti-atherogenic potency of LXRs. We used apoE*3Leiden (E3L) mice to comprehensively and time...
article 2009
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van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Lundholm, E. (author), Camejo, G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background and purpose: We have evaluated the effects of a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α/γ agonist on the progression of pre-existing atherosclerotic lesions in APOE*3Leiden.cholesteryl ester transfer protein (E3L.CETP) transgenic mice. Experimental approach: E3L.CETP mice were fed a high-cholesterol diet for 11 weeks to...
article 2009
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Morrison, M. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Kooistra, T. (author)
Objective: Polyphenols such as quercetin may exert several beneficial effects, including those resulting from anti-inflammatory activities, but their impact on cardiovascular health is debated. We investigated the effect of quercetin on cardiovascular risk markers including human C-reactive protein (CRP) and on atherosclerosis using transgenic...
article 2011
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Kooijman, S. (author), Meurs, I. (author), van der Stoep, M. (author), Habets, K.L. (author), Lammers, B. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Eck, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Korporaal, S.J.A. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
Summary: Background: The autonomic nervous system attenuates inflammation through activation of the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR), a pathway termed the cholinergic anti-inflammatory reflex. Interestingly, α7nAChR is expressed on immune cells and platelets, both of which play a crucial role in the development of atherosclerosis....
article 2015
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Mulder, P. (author), Stavro, P.M. (author), Manuel Suárez, M. (author), Arola-Arnal, A. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Background and Aims As dietary saturated fatty acids are associated with metabolic and cardiovascular disease, a potentially interesting strategy to reduce disease risk is modification of the quality of fat consumed. Vegetable oils represent an attractive target for intervention, as they largely determine the intake of dietary fats. Furthermore,...
article 2015
Searched for: subject%3A%22Animals%22
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