Searched for: subject%3A%22Animals%22
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Scholten, B. (author), Portengen, L. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Stierum, R. (author), Downward, G.S. (author), Vlaanderen, J. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Background: Chemical risk assessment can benefit from integrating data across multiple evidence bases, especially in exposure–response curve (ERC) modeling when data across the exposure range are sparse. Methods: We estimated the ERC for benzene and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), by fitting linear and spline-based Bayesian meta-regression models...
article 2022
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Suchowerska, A.K. (author), Stokman, G. (author), Palmer, J.T. (author), Coghlan, P.A. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Keijzer, N. (author), Lambert, G. (author), Chemello, K. (author), Jaafar, A.K. (author), Parmar, J. (author), Yan, L. (author), Tong, Y. (author), Mu, L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Bonnar, J. (author), Evison, B.J. (author)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibits the clearance of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C) from plasma by directly binding with the LDL receptor (LDLR) and sending the receptor for lysosomal degradation. As the interaction promotes elevated plasma LDL-C levels, and therefore a predisposition to...
article 2022
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Komninos, D. (author), Ramos, L. (author), van der Heijden, G.W. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), van Herwaarden, A.E. (author), Kiliaan, A.J. (author), Arnoldussen, I.A.C. (author)
Obesity can disturb spermatogenesis and subsequently affect male fertility and reproduction. In our study, we aim to elucidate at which cellular level of adult spermatogenesis the detrimental effects of obesity manifest. We induced high fat diet (HFD) obesity in low-density lipoprotein receptor knock-out Leiden (Ldlr−/−.Leiden) mice, and studied...
article 2022
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Patel, N. (author), Adelman, D.C. (author), Anagnostou, K. (author), Baumert, J.L. (author), Blom, W.M. (author), Campbell, D.E. (author), Chinthrajah, R.S. (author), Mills, E.N.C. (author), Javed, B. (author), Purington, N. (author), Remington, B.C. (author), Sampson, H.A. (author), Smith, A.D. (author), Yarham, R.A.R. (author), Turner, P.J. (author)
Background Eliciting doses (EDs) (eg, ED01 or ED05 values, which are the amounts of allergen expected to cause objective symptoms in 1% and 5% of the population with an allergy, respectively) are increasingly being used to inform allergen labeling and clinical management. These values are generated from food challenge, but the frequency of...
article 2021
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Pieters, R.H.H. (author), van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author)
The thoracic and peritoneal cavities are lined by serous membranes and are home of the serosal immune system. This immune system fuses innate and adaptive immunity, to maintain local homeostasis and repair local tissue damage, and to cooperate closely with the mucosal immune system. Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are found abundantly in the...
article 2021
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Sabbadini, A. (author), Caenen, A. (author), Keijzer, L.B.H. (author), van Neer, P.L. (author), Vos, H.J. (author), de Jong, N. (author), Verweij, M.D. (author)
Shear wave elastography (SWE) has the potential to determine cardiac tissue stiffness from non-invasive shear wave speed measurements, important, e.g., for predicting heart failure. Previous studies showed that waves traveling in the interventricular septum (IVS) may display Lamb-like dispersive behaviour, introducing a thickness-frequency...
article 2021
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Offringa, A. (author), Montijn, R. (author), Singh, S. (author), Paul, M. (author), Pinto, Y.M. (author), Pinto-Sietsma, S.J. (author)
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is a healthcare crisis caused by insufficient knowledge applicable to effectively combat the virus. Therefore, different scientific discovery strategies need to be connected, to generate a rational treatment which can be made available as rapidly as possible. This relies on a solid theoretical understanding of the...
article 2020
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Pali-Scholl, I. (author), Verhoeckx, K. (author), Mafra, I. (author), Bavaro, S.L. (author), Mills, E.N.C. (author), Monaci, L. (author)
Background. There is an increasing demand for animal-derived products in the developing countries. This poses major concerns for the sustainable production of safe and nutritious food. Consequently, to address these needs alternative sustainable sources of valuable dietary proteins are sought for. Scope and approach. In this review, we discuss...
article 2019
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Remels, A.H.V. (author), Derks, W.J.A. (author), Cillero-Pastor, B. (author), Verhees, K.J.P. (author), Kelders, M.C. (author), Heggermont, W. (author), Carai, P. (author), Summer, G. (author), Ellis, S.R. (author), de Theije, C.C. (author), Heeren, R.M.A. (author), Heymans, S. (author), Papageorgiou, A.P. (author), van Bilsen, M. (author)
Acute viral myocarditis (VM), characterised by leukocyte infiltration and dysfunction of the heart, is an important cause of sudden cardiac death in young adults. Unfortunately, to date, the pathological mechanisms underlying cardiac failure in VM remain incompletely understood. In the current study, we investigated if acute VM leads to cardiac...
article 2018
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van Keulen, D. (author), Pouwer, M.G. (author), Pasterkamp, G. (author), van Gool, A.J. (author), Sollewijn Gelpke, M.D. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Tempel, D. (author)
Aims Endothelial activation is involved in many chronic inflammatory diseases, such as atherosclerosis, and is often initiated by cytokines. Oncostatin M (OSM) is a relatively unknown cytokine that has been suggested to play a role in both endothelial activation and atherosclerosis. We comprehensively investigated the effect of OSM on...
article 2018
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Rusli, F. (author), Boekschoten, M.V. (author), Borelli, V. (author), Sun, C. (author), Lute, C. (author), Menke, A.L. (author), van den Heuvel, J. (author), Salvioli, S. (author), Franceschi, C. (author), Müller, M. (author), Steegenga, W.T. (author)
Calorie restriction (CR) is a dietary regimen that supports healthy aging. In this study, we investigated the systemic and liver-specific responses caused by a diet switch to a medium-fat (MF) diet in 24-month-old lifelong, CR-exposed mice. This study aimed to increase the knowledge base on dietary alterations of gerontological relevance. Nine...
article 2018
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Zhao, Y. (author), Kumar, M. (author), Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Nierop Groot, M.N. (author), van der Vossen, J.M.B.M. (author), Abee, T. (author)
Thermophilic bacilli such as Anoxybacillus and Geobacillus are important contaminants in dairy powder products. Remarkably, one of the common contaminants, Geobacillus thermoglucosidans, showed poor growth in skim milk, whereas significant growth of G. thermoglucosidans was observed in the presence of an Anoxybacillus flavithermus dairy isolate....
article 2018
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Botschuijver, S. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), Levin, E. (author), Jonkers, D.M. (author), Welting, O. (author), Heinsbroek, S.E.M. (author), de Weerd, H.H. (author), Boekhout, T. (author), Fornai, M. (author), Masclee, A.A. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), de Jonge, W.J. (author), Seppen, J. (author), van den Wijngaard, R.M. (author)
Background & Aims Visceral hypersensitivity is one feature of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Bacterial dysbiosis might be involved in the activation of nociceptive sensory pathways, but there have been few studies of the role of the mycobiome (the fungal microbiome) in the development of IBS. We analyzed intestinal mycobiomes of patients with...
article 2017
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Schoemaker, M.H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Verheij, J. (author), Salic, K. (author), van Tol, E.A.F. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author)
Background: Obesity frequently associates with the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and atherosclerosis. Chronic inflammation in white adipose tissue (WAT) seems to be an important driver of these manifestations. Objective: This study investigated a combination of an extensively hydrolyzed casein (eHC), docosahexaenoic...
article 2017
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Luijten, M. (author), Olthof, E.D. (author), Hakkert, B.C. (author), Rorije, E. (author), van der Laan, J.-W. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), van Benthem, J. (author)
Assessment of genotoxic and carcinogenic potential is considered one of the basic requirements when evaluating possible human health risks associated with exposure to chemicals. Test strategies currently in place focus primarily on identifying genotoxic potential due to the strong association between the accumulation of genetic damage and cancer...
article 2016
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van der Heijden, R.A. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Sheedfar, F. (author), Mulder, P. (author), Schreurs, M. (author), Hommelberg, P.P.H. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Schalkwijk, C. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Tietge, U.J.F. (author), Koonen, D.P.Y. (author), Heeringa, P. (author)
Background. Naturally occurring substances from the flavanol and anthocyanin family of polyphenols have been proposed to exert beneficial effects in the course of obesity. We hypothesized that their effects on attenuating obesity-induced dyslipidemia as well as the associated inflammatory sequelae especially have health-promoting potential....
article 2016
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Lam, F.P. (author), Kleivane, L. (author), Sivle, L.D. (author), van Ijsselmuide, S.P. (author), Visser, F. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), Dekeling, R.P.A. (author)
bookPart 2016
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van Dam, A.D. (author), Nahon, K.J. (author), Kooijman, S. (author), van den Berg, S.M. (author), Kanhai, A.A. (author), Kikuchi, T. (author), Heemskerk, M.M. (author), van Harmelen, V. (author), Lombès, M. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), de Winther, M.P. (author), Lutgens, E. (author), Guigas, B. (author), Rensen, P.C. (author), Boon, M.R. (author)
Salsalate improves glucose intolerance and dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes patients, but the mechanism is still unknown. The aim of the current study was to unravel the molecular mechanisms involved in these beneficial metabolic effects of salsalate by treating mice with salsalate during and after development of high-fat diet-induced obesity. We...
article 2015
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Buist, H.E. (author), Devito, S. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Venhorst, J. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author)
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies are considered vital and economic elements for achieving global CO2 reduction targets, and is currently introduced worldwide (for more information on CCS, consult for example the websites of the International Energy Agency (http://www.iea.org/topics/ccs/) and the Global CCS Institute (http://www...
article 2015
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Wagner, A. (author), Cohen, N. (author), Kelder, T. (author), Amit, U. (author), Liebman, E. (author), Steinberg, D.M. (author), Radonjic, M. (author), Ruppin, E. (author)
High-throughput omics have proven invaluable in studying human disease, and yet day-to-day clinical practice still relies on physiological, non-omic markers. The metabolic syndrome, for example, is diagnosed and monitored by blood and urine indices such as blood cholesterol levels. Nevertheless, the association between the molecular and the...
article 2015
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