Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 20 of 265)

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ter Burg, W. (author), Bokkers, B.G.H. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author), Schuur, A.G. (author)
ABSTRACT: Health impact assessments (HIA) have become an important tool for applying evidence-based policy. Recently, the concept of HIA has been introduced in the field of chemical substances. Two main issues are encountered, i.e., the focus of risk assessment is deriving safe levels and on first signs of adverse effects. These adverse effects,...
article 2015
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Busnadiego, O. (author), Gorbenko del Blanco, D. (author), González-Santamaría, J. (author), Habashi, J.P. (author), Calderon, J.F. (author), Sandoval, P. (author), Bedja, D. (author), Guinea-Viniegra, J. (author), Lopez-Cabrera, M. (author), Rosell-Garcia, T. (author), Snabel, J.M. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Forteza, A. (author), Dietz, H.C. (author), Egea, G. (author), Rodriguez-Pascual, F. (author)
Patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) are at high risk of life-threatening aortic dissections. The condition is caused by mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin-1, an essential component in the formation of elastic fibers. While experimental findings in animal models of the disease have shown the involvement of transforming growth factor-β (TGF...
article 2015
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Kroese, E.D. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Buist, H.E. (author), Lewin, G. (author), van der Linden, S.C. (author), Man, H.Y. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), Rorije, E. (author), Schulpen, S.H.W. (author), Schwarz, M. (author), Uibel, F. (author), van Vugt-Lussenburg, B.M.A. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), van der Burg, B. (author)
Previously we showed a battery consisting of CALUX transcriptional activation assays, the ReProGlo assay, and the embryonic stem cell test, and zebrafish embryotoxicity assay as 'apical' tests to correctly predict developmental toxicity for 11 out of 12 compounds, and to explain the one false negative [7]. Here we report on applying this battery...
article 2015
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Vandebriel, R. (author), Callant Cransveld, C. (author), Crommelin, D. (author), Diamant, Z. (author), Glazenburg, B. (author), Joos, G. (author), Kuper, F. (author), Natsch, A. (author), Nijkamp, F. (author), Noteborn, H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Roberts, D. (author), Roggen, E. (author), Rorije, E. (author), Seed, M. (author), Sewald, K. (author), van den Heuvel, R. (author), van Engelen, J. (author), Verstraelen, S. (author), van Loveren, H. (author)
Respiratory sensitization provides a case study for a new approach to chemical safety evaluation, as the prevalence of respiratory sensitization has increased considerably over the last decades, but animal and/or human experimental/predictive models are not currently available. Therefore, the goal of a working group was to design a road map to...
article 2011
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Vink, S.R. (author), Mikkers, J. (author), Bouwman, T. (author), Marquart, H. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
REACH requests the exploration of alternative strategies for hazard identification before resorting to (in vivo) testing. Here, we combined read-across as non-testing strategy with a tiered exposure assessment for the risk characterisation of 1-methoxypropan-2-ol (PGME) as a representative for phase-in substances to be registered under REACH....
article 2010
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Baumans, V. (author), van Loo, P.L.P. (author), Pham, T.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Rats and mice are the most commonly used species as laboratory animal models of diseases in biomedical research. Environmental factors such as cage size, number of cage mates and cage structure such as environmental enrichment can affect the physiology and behavioural development of laboratory animals and their well-being throughout their lives....
article 2010
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Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The obesity epidemic is associated with an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular morbidity and various types of cancer. A better insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie adipogenesis and obesity may result in novel therapeutic handles to fight obesity and these associated diseases. Adipogenesis is determined by the...
article 2009
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de Jong, W.H. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Klerk, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There are currently no validated animal models that can identify low molecular weight (LMW) respiratory sensitizers. The Local Lymph Node Assay (LLNA) is a validated animal model developed to detect contact sensitizers using skin exposure, but all LMW respiratory sensitizers tested so far were also positive in this assay. Discrimination between...
article 2009
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Joosen, M.J.A. (author), Jousma, E. (author), van den Boom, T.M. (author), Kuijpers, W.C. (author), Smit, A.B. (author), Lucassen, P.J. (author), van Helden, H.P.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
To date, treatment of organophosphate (OP) poisoning shows several shortcomings, and OP-victims might suffer from lasting cognitive deficits and sleep–wake disturbances. In the present study, long-term effects of soman poisoning on learning ability, memory and neurogenesis were investigated in rats, treated with the anticholinergic atropine and...
article 2009
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Schaafsma, G. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author), Tielemans, E.L.J.P. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), van Leeuwen, C.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The objectives of REACH cannot be achieved under the current risk assessment approach. A change in mind set among all the relevant stakeholders is needed: risk assessment should move away from a labor-intensive and animal-consuming approach to intelligent and pragmatic testing, by combining exposure and hazard data effectively and trying to...
article 2009
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de Jong, E. (author), Louisse, J. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The embryonic stem cell test (EST) has been proposed as an in vitro assay that might reduce animal experimentation in regulatory developmental toxicology. So far, evaluation of the EST was not performed using compounds within distinct chemical classes. Evaluation within a distinct class of chemically related compounds can define the usefulness...
article 2009
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Liu, J. (author), O'Brien, K.L. (author), Lynch, D.M. (author), Simmons, N.L. (author), La Porte, A. (author), Riggs, A.M. (author), Abbink, P. (author), Coffey, R.T. (author), Grandpre, L.E. (author), Seaman, M.S. (author), Landucci, G. (author), Forthal, D.N. (author), Montefiori, D.C. (author), Carville, A. (author), Mansfield, K.G. (author), Havenga, M.J. (author), Pau, M.G. (author), Goudsmit, J. (author), Barouch, D.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A recombinant adenovirus serotype 5 (rAd5) vector-based vaccine for HIV-1 has recently failed in a phase 2b efficacy study in humans. Consistent with these results, preclinical studies have demonstrated that rAd5 vectors expressing simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) Gag failed to reduce peak or setpoint viral loads after SIV challenge of rhesus...
article 2009
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Adams, T.B. (author), Gavin, C.L. (author), Taylor, S.V. (author), Waddell, W.J. (author), Cohen, S.M. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Goodman, J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Marnett, L.J. (author), Portoghese, P.S. (author), Smith, R.L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
This publication is the 12th in a series of safety evaluations performed by the Expert Panel of the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA). In 1993, the Panel initiated a comprehensive program to re-evaluate the safety of more than 1700 GRAS flavoring substances under conditions of intended use. Since then, the number of flavoring...
article 2008
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Adourian, A. (author), Jennings, E. (author), Balasubramanian, R. (author), Hines, W.M. (author), Damian, D. (author), Plasterer, T.N. (author), Clish, C.B. (author), Stroobant, P. (author), McBurney, R. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Bobeldijk, I. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Lindberg, J. (author), Kenne, K. (author), Andersson, U. (author), Hellmold, H. (author), Nilsson, K. (author), Salter, H. (author), Schuppe-Koistinen, I. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
High-throughput biomolecular profiling techniques such as transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics are increasingly being used in in vivo studies to recognize and characterize effects of xenobiotics on organs and systems. Of particular interest are biomarkers of treatment-related effects which are detectible in easily accessible biological...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Jonker, D. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Bos, P.M.J. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The OECD Health Effects Test Guidelines (TGs) provide guidance concerning the use of methods for the identification and characterization of hazards from chemical substances. These TGs are largely based on tests in routine use for many years and are known to yield information relevant to various types of toxicity. They have proven their value in...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, the effect of airway irritation by synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) on respiratory allergy to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was studied. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically sensitized on day 0 and on day 7,...
article 2008
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de Jonge, J.D. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Probiotics are claimed to beneficially affect the immune system and their involvement in allergy prevention is being investigated extensively. However, the efficacy of probiotics in allergy prevention remains controversial. We investigated whether the probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota (LcS) could modulate the food allergic response against...
article 2008
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Prinsen, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
All LMW respiratory allergens known to date can also induce skin allergy in test animals. The question here was if in turn skin allergens can induce allergy in the respiratory tract. Respiratory allergy was tested in Th2-prone Brown Norway (BN) rats by dermal sensitization with the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB; 1%, day 0; 0.5%,...
article 2008
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Hoogendoorn, R.J.W. (author), Lu, Z.F. (author), Kroeze, R.J. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Wuisman, P.I. (author), Helder, M.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Introduction Degenerative disc disease and emerging biological treatment approaches Stem cell sources Integration of ASC-based regenerative medicine and surgery In vitro studies Animal models Cells in disc regeneration in vivo In vivo studies Perspective Conclusions Abstract New regenerative treatment strategies are being developed for...
article 2008
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Vinken, M. (author), Doktorova, T. (author), Ellinger-Ziegelbauer, H. (author), Ahr, H.-J. (author), Lock, E. (author), Carmichael, P. (author), Roggen, E. (author), van Delft, J. (author), Kleinjans, J. (author), Castell, J. (author), Bort, R. (author), Donato, T. (author), Ryan, M. (author), Corvi, R. (author), Keun, H. (author), Ebbels, T. (author), Athersuch, T. (author), Sansone, S.-A. (author), Rocca-Serra, P. (author), Stierum, R. (author), Jennings, P. (author), Pfaller, W. (author), Gmuender, H. (author), Vanhaecke, T. (author), Rogiers, V. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Recent changes in the European legislation of chemical-related substances have forced the scientific community to speed up the search for alternative methods that could partly or fully replace animal experimentation. The Sixth Framework Program project carcinoGENOMICS was specifically raised to develop omics-based in vitro screens for testing...
article 2008
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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