Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 20 of 366)

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Schlunk, F. (author), Fisher, P. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rex, A. (author), Prinz, V. (author), Foddis, M. (author), Lütjohann, D. (author), Laufs, U. (author), Endres, M. (author)
Anti-PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) antibodies lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and significantly reduce cardiovascular end points.1 Safety concerns were raised as ultra-low levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol can be achieved. Low cholesterol levels are associated with an increased rate of...
article 2020
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Abeln, E. (author)
TNO is searching for partners for a consortium research project aiming at the identification of novel solutions for controlling pathogenic Clostridia such as Clostridium difficile and C. perfringens. These are a serious threat for human and animal health and a major reason for using antibiotics. Novel solutions preventing disease development...
other 2017
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Buist, H.E. (author), Devito, S. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Venhorst, J. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author)
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies are considered vital and economic elements for achieving global CO2 reduction targets, and is currently introduced worldwide (for more information on CCS, consult for example the websites of the International Energy Agency (http://www.iea.org/topics/ccs/) and the Global CCS Institute (http://www...
article 2015
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), Tuin, A.W. (author), Mol, M.A.E. (author), van den Berg, R.M. (author), Fidder, A. (author), van der Marel, G.A. (author), Overkleeft, H.S. (author), Noort, D. (author)
Elucidation of noncholinesterase protein targets of organophosphates, and nerve agents in particular, may reveal additional mechanisms for their high toxicity as well as clues for novel therapeutic approaches toward intoxications with these agents. Within this framework, we here describe the synthesis of the activity-based probe 3, which...
article 2009
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Heijne, W.H. (author), Dansen, M. (author), Verhoeckx, K.C. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Radonjic, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J. (author), Stierum, R. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Arts, J.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To contribute to the hazard identification of low molecular weight (LMW) respiratory allergens, respiratory allergy induced by trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was characterized by whole genome analysis of lung tissue and blood proteomics in Brown Norway rats. Dermal sensitization (50% and 25% w/v) with TMA and an inhalation challenge of 15 mg/m(3)...
article 2008
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Adourian, A. (author), Jennings, E. (author), Balasubramanian, R. (author), Hines, W.M. (author), Damian, D. (author), Plasterer, T.N. (author), Clish, C.B. (author), Stroobant, P. (author), McBurney, R. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Bobeldijk, I. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Lindberg, J. (author), Kenne, K. (author), Andersson, U. (author), Hellmold, H. (author), Nilsson, K. (author), Salter, H. (author), Schuppe-Koistinen, I. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
High-throughput biomolecular profiling techniques such as transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics are increasingly being used in in vivo studies to recognize and characterize effects of xenobiotics on organs and systems. Of particular interest are biomarkers of treatment-related effects which are detectible in easily accessible biological...
article 2008
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Hu, C. (author), van Dommelen, J. (author), van der Heijden, R. (author), Spijksma, G. (author), Reijmers, T.H. (author), Wang, M. (author), Slee, E. (author), Lu, X. (author), Xu, G. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A reversed-phase liquid chromatography-linear ion trap-Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance-mass spectrometry method was developed for the profiling of lipids in human and mouse plasma. With the use of a fused-core C<sub>8</sub> column and a binary gradient, more than 160 lipids belonging to eight different classes were detected in a single...
article 2008
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Pasman, W.J. (author), Heimerikx, J. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), van den Berg, R. (author), O'Shea, M. (author), Gambelli, L. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Einerhand, A.W.C. (author), Scott, C. (author), Keizer, H.G. (author), Mennen, L.I. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Appetite suppressants may be one strategy in the fight against obesity. This study evaluated whether Korean pine nut free fatty acids (FFA) and triglycerides (TG) work as an appetite suppressant. Korean pine nut FFA were evaluated in STC-1 cell culture for their ability to increase cholecystokinin (CCK-8) secretion vs. several other dietary...
article 2008
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Intema, F. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Elshof, B. (author), Vianen, M.E. (author), Yocum, S. (author), Zuurmond, A. (author), Mastbergen, S.C. (author), Lafeber, F.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In studies aimed at local treatment of experimental osteoarthritis (OA) it is optimal to have an internal (untreated) OA control. Such an approach excludes interanimal variation, and allows paired statistical evaluation of treatment efficacy. For this purpose, we developed and characterized a bilateral version of the canine Groove model. We...
article 2008
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Bastiaansen-Jenniskens, Y.M. (author), Koevoet, W. (author), de Bart, A.C.W. (author), Zuurmond, A.-M. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Verhaar, J.A.N. (author), de Groot, J. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) is often used in cartilage tissue engineering to increase matrix formation by cells with various phenotypes. However, adverse effects of TGFβ, such as extensive cross-linking in cultured fibroblasts, have also been reported. Our goal was to study effects of TGFβ on collagen cross-linking and evaluating the...
article 2008
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), van Vliet, S.A.M. (author), Vanwersch, R.A.P. (author), Jongsma, M.J. (author), Olivier, B. (author), Philippens, I.H.C.H.M. (author)
Current therapies for Parkinson's disease (PD) like l-dopa and dopamine (DA) agonists have declined efficacy after long term use. Therefore, research towards supplementary or alternative medication is needed. The implementation in PD can be expedited by application of compounds already used in the clinic. In this study the therapeutic effects of...
article 2008
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Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Boesten, L.S.M. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), van Nieuwkoop, A. (author), Biessen, E.A.L. (author), Jukema, W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Here we describe a means to conditionally modify genes at a predefined and localized region of the vasculature using a perivascular drug delivery device (PDD). A 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT)-eluting PDD was applied around the carotid or femoral artery of a mouse strain carrying both the tamoxifen-inducible and smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific Cre...
article 2006
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Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Chemicals / CAS: lipoprotein lipase, 83137-80-8, 9004-02-8; APOA5 protein, human; Apolipoproteins A; Apolipoproteins; Triglycerides
article 2005
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Gerritsen, G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Kypreos, K.E. (author), Zannis, V.I. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of human apolipoprotein E (apoE) induces hyperlipidemia by stimulating the VLDL-triglyceride (TG) production rate and inhibiting the LPL-mediated VLDL-TG hydrolysis rate. Because apoC-III is a strong inhibitor of TG hydrolysis, we questioned whether Apoc3 deficiency might prevent the hyperlipidemia induced by...
article 2005
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Cho, E. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Beeson, W.L. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G.E. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Pietinen, P. (author), Potter, J.D. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Terry, P. (author), Toniolo, P. (author), Virtanen, M.J. (author), Willet, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Wu, K. (author), Yaun, S.-S. (author), Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: Studies in animals have suggested that calcium may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. However, results from epidemiologic studies of intake of calcium or dairy foods and colorectal cancer risk have been inconclusive. Methods: We pooled the primary data from 10 cohort studies in five countries that assessed usual dietary intake by...
article 2004
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de Graaf, C. (author), Blom, W.A.M. (author), Smeets, P.A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
This review's objective is to give a critical summary of studies that focused on physiologic measures relating to subjectively rated appetite, actual food intake, or both. Biomarkers of satiation and satiety may be used as a tool for assessing the satiating efficiency of foods and for understanding the regulation of food intake and energy...
article 2004
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Mandard, S. (author), Zandbergen, F. (author), Nguan, S.T. (author), Escher, P. (author), Patsouris, D. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Bakker, A. (author), Veenman, F. (author), Wahli, W. (author), Müller, M. (author), Kersten, S. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The fasting-induced adipose factor (FIAF, ANGPTL4, PGAR, HFARP) was previously identified as a novel adipocytokine that was up-regulated by fasting, by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, and by hypoxia. To further characterize FIAF, we studied regulation of FIAF mRNA and protein in liver and adipose cell lines as well as in...
article 2004
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Blankvoort, B.M.G. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Geerdink, P. (author), Spenkelink, B. (author), Rodenburg, R.J.T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Despite a ban by the European Union, the use of anabolic steroids and repartitioning agents in cattle is still occasionally observed. Due to continuing improvements in analytical techniques, very low detection limits for individual compounds have been achieved. In response to these developments, cocktails composed of several steroids have been...
article 2003
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Tryfonidou, M.A. (author), Holl, M.S. (author), Stevenhagen, J.J. (author), Buurman, C.J. (author), Deluca, H.F. (author), Oosterlaken-Dijksterhuis, M.A. (author), van den Brom, W.E. (author), van Leeuwen, J.P.T.M. (author), Hazewinkel, H.A.W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
The effects of excessive non-toxic dietary Vitamin D3 supplementation on Ca homeostasis with specific effects on endochondral ossification and skeletal remodeling were investigated in a group of growing Great Dane dogs supplemented with cholecalciferol (Vitamin D3; HVitD) versus a control group (CVitD) (1350 μg versus 11.4 μg Vitamin D3 per...
article 2003
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Cassee, F.R. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Freijer, J.J. (author), Geerse, E.K.B. (author), Marijnissen, J.C.M. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The relative importance of the three particulate matter (PM) size fractions in ambient air, i.e. coarse (2.5-10 μm), fine (0.1-2.5 μm) and ultrafine (< 0.1 μm) fractions, on the induction of adverse health effects is still unknown. Moreover, there is no straightforward relationship between ambient concentration levels, exposure (external dose)...
article 2002
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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