Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 20 of 39)

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Vermeulen, M. (author), Boerboom, A.M.M.J.F. (author), Blankvoort, B.M.G. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Isothiocyanates are electrophiles that are able to induce phase II biotransformation enzyme gene expression via an electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) in the gene regulatory region. To study the potency of different isothiocyanates to induce the expression of EpRE-regulated genes, a Hepa-1c1c7 luciferase reporter cell line was exposed to...
article 2009
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Punt, A. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Delatour, T. (author), Scholz, G. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Schilter, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present study defines a physiologically based biokinetic (PBBK) model for the alkenylbenzene estragole in rat based on in vitro metabolic parameters determined using relevant tissue fractions, in silico derived partition coefficients, and physiological parameters derived from the literature. The model consists of eight compartments including...
article 2008
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Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Balvers, M.G.J. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The interactions of three heavy metal-containing compounds, cisplatin (CDDP), arsenic trioxide (As2O3), and mercury dichloride (HgCl2), with the multidrug resistance transporters MRP1 and MRP2 and the involvement of glutathione (GSH)-related processes herein were investigated. In Madin-Darby canine kidney cells stably expressing MRP1 or MRP2,...
article 2008
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Boerboom, A.M.J.F. (author), Vermeulen, M. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Bremer, B.I. (author), Lee-Hilz, Y.Y. (author), Kampman, E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) is a transcriptional enhancer involved in cancer-chemoprotective gene expression modulation by certain food components. Two stably transfected luciferase reporter cell lines were developed, EpRE(hNQO1)-LUX and EpRE(mGST-Ya)-LUX, based on EpRE sequences from the human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase ...
article 2006
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Brand, W. (author), Schutte, M.E. (author), Williamson, G. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The transcellular transport of ingested food ingredients across the intestinal epithelial barrier is an important factor determining bioavailability upon oral intake. This transcellular transport of many chemicals, food ingredients, drugs or toxic compounds over the intestinal epithelium can be highly dependent on the activity of membrane bound...
article 2006
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Kaput, J. (author), Ordovas, J.M. (author), Ferguson, L. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Rodriguez, R.L. (author), Allen, L. (author), Ames, B.N. (author), Dawson, K. (author), German, B. (author), Krauss, R. (author), Malyj, W. (author), Archer, M.C. (author), Barnes, S. (author), Bortholomew, A. (author), Birk, R. (author), van Bladeren, P. (author), Bradford, K.J. (author), Brown, K.H. (author), Caetano, R. (author), Castle, D. (author), Chadwick, R. (author), Clarke, S. (author), Clemént, K. (author), Cooney, C.A. (author), Corella, D. (author), da Cruz, I.B.M. (author), Daniel, H. (author), Duster, T. (author), Ebbesson, S.O.E. (author), Elliott, R. (author), Fairweather-Tait, S. (author), Felton, J. (author), Fenech, M. (author), Finley, J.W. (author), Fogg-Johnson, N. (author), Gill-Garrison, R. (author), Gibney, M.J. (author), Gillies, P.J. (author), Gustafsson, J.-A. (author), Hartman IV, J.L. (author), He, L. (author), Hwang, J.-K. (author), Jais, J.-P. (author), Jang, Y. (author), Joost, H. (author), Junien, C. (author), Kanter, M. (author), Kibbe, W.A. (author), Koletzko, B. (author), Korf, B.R. (author), Kornman, K. (author), Krempin, D.W. (author), Langin, D. (author), Lauren, D.R. (author), Lee, J.H. (author), Leveille, G.A. (author), Lin, S.-J. (author), Mathers, J. (author), Mayne, M. (author), McNabb, W. (author), Milner, J.A. (author), Morgan, P. (author), Muller, M. (author), Nikolsky, Y. (author), van der Ouderaa, F. (author), Park, T. (author), Pensel, N. (author), Perez-Jimenez, F. (author), Poutanen, K. (author), Roberts, M. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author), Schuster, G. (author), Shelling, A.N. (author), Simopoulos, A.P. (author), Southon, S. (author), Shyong Tai, E. (author), Towne, B. (author), Trayhurn, P. (author), Uauy, R. (author), Visek, W.J. (author), Warden, C. (author), Weiss, R. (author), Wiencke, J. (author), Winkler, J. (author), Wolff, G.L. (author), Zhao-Wilson, X. (author), Zucker, J.-D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Nutrigenomics is the study of how constituents of the diet interact with genes, and their products, to alter phenotype and, conversely, how genes and their products metabolise these constituents into nutrients, antinutrients, and bioactive compounds. Results from molecular and genetic epidemiological studies indicate that dietary unbalance can...
article 2005
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), de Mul, A. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the present study, the effects of myricetin on either MRP1 or MRP2 mediated vincristine resistance in transfected MDCKII cells were examined. The results obtained show that myricetin can inhibit both MRP1 and MRP2 mediated vincristine efflux in a concentration dependent manner. The IC50 values for cellular vincristine transport inhibition by...
article 2005
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study investigated whether integrated analysis of transcriptomics and metabolomics data increased the sensitivity of detection and provided new insight in the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity. Metabolite levels in plasma or urine were analyzed in relation to changes in hepatic gene expression in rats that received bromobenzene to induce acute...
article 2005
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Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the possible interplay between glutathione metabolism of and MRP inhibition by thiol reactive compounds, the interactions of a series of α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds with multidrug resistance proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1/ABCC1 and MRP2/ABCC2) were studied. α,β-Unsaturated carbonyl compounds react with glutathione, and therefore either...
article 2005
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), Geraets, L. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The objective of this study was to investigate the structural requirements necessary for inhibition of glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and GS-X pump (MRP1 and MRP2) activity by structurally related flavonoids, in GSTP1-1 transfected MCF7 cells (pMTG5). The results reveal that GSTP1-1 activity in MCF7 pMTG5 cells can be inhibited by some...
article 2004
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Slijper, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Toxicogenomics is a novel approach integrating the expression analysis of thousands of genes (transcriptomics) or proteins (proteomics) with classical methods in toxicology. Effects at the molecular level are related to pathophysiological changes of the organisms, enabling detailed comparison of mechanisms and early detection and prediction of...
article 2003
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Dommels, Y.E.M. (author), Heemskerk, S. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Modulating effects of high fat fish oil (HFFO) and high fat corn oil (HFCO) diets on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) were studied in male F344 rats following 8 weeks of dietary treatment. The incidence of AOM-induced ACF was significantly lower in the proximal colon of rats fed the HFFO diets compared with rats fed...
article 2003
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Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Usta, M. (author), van der Velde, A.E. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Spenkelink, B. (author), van Zanden, J.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author)
The multidrug resistance proteins MRP1 and MRP2 are efflux transporters with broad substrate specificity, including glutathione, glucuronide, and sulfate conjugates. In the present study, the interaction of the dietary polyphenol curcumin with MRP1 and MRP2 and the interplay between curcumin-dependent MRP inhibition and its glutathione-dependent...
article 2003
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Dommels, Y.E.M. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
During the past few decades, many studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on colorectal carcinogenesis. This report provides a brief overview of the recent studies that have been performed in cultured colon cells, animal models as well as of the population-based and short-term...
article 2002
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Wormhoudt, L.W. (author), Sherratt, P.J. (author), Hayes, J.D. (author), Commandeur, J.N.M. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
A physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PB-PK) model was developed for ethylene dibromide (1,2-dibromoethane, EDB) for rats and humans, partly based on previously published in vitro data (Ploemen et al., 1997). In the present study, this PB-PK model has been validated for the rat. In addition, new data were used for the human class ΘGST T1-1....
article 2000
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van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In general, glutathione conjugation is regarded as a detoxication reaction. However, depending on the properties of the substrate, bioactivation is also possible. Four types of activation reaction have been recognized: direct-acting compounds, conjugates that are activated through cysteine conjugate beta-lyase, conjugates that are activated...
article 2000
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Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Venekamp, J.C. (author), Salmon, F.G.C. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In the present study, the enzymatic conjugation of the isoprene monoepoxides 3,4 epoxy-3-methyl-1-butene (EPOX-I) and 3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-1-butene (EPOX-II) with glutathione was investigated, using purified glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) of the α, μ, π and θ-class of rat and man. HPLC analysis of incubations of EPOX-I and EPOX-II with [35S...
article 1999
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Cassee, F.R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A major objective of combination toxicology is to establish whether a mixture of chemicals will result in an effect similar to that expected on the basis of additivity. This requires understanding of the basic concepts of the combined toxicological action of the compounds of the mixture: simple similar action (dose addition), simple dissimilar...
article 1998
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Sherratt, P.J. (author), Manson, M.M. (author), Thomson, A.M. (author), Hissink, E.A.M. (author), Neal, G.E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Green, T. (author), Hayes, J.D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A characteristic feature of the class Theta glutathione S-transferase (GST) T1-1 is its ability to activate dichloromethane and dibromoethane by catalysing the formation of mutagenic conjugates. The level of the GSTT1 subunit within tissues is an important determinant of susceptibility to the carcinogenic effects of these dihaloalkanes. In the...
article 1998
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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