Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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Schlunk, F. (author), Fisher, P. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rex, A. (author), Prinz, V. (author), Foddis, M. (author), Lütjohann, D. (author), Laufs, U. (author), Endres, M. (author)
Monoclonal anti-proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PSCK9) neutralizing antibodies effectively lower plasma cholesterol levels and decrease cardiovascular events but also raised some concern that cognitive function could worsen as a side effect. Here, we performed experiments in mice to characterize the effect of anti-PCSK9 antibodies...
article 2021
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Schlunk, F. (author), Fisher, P. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rex, A. (author), Prinz, V. (author), Foddis, M. (author), Lütjohann, D. (author), Laufs, U. (author), Endres, M. (author)
Anti-PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) antibodies lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and significantly reduce cardiovascular end points.1 Safety concerns were raised as ultra-low levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol can be achieved. Low cholesterol levels are associated with an increased rate of...
article 2020
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van Keulen, D. (author), Pouwer, M.G. (author), Pasterkamp, G. (author), van Gool, A.J. (author), Sollewijn Gelpke, M.D. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Tempel, D. (author)
Aims Endothelial activation is involved in many chronic inflammatory diseases, such as atherosclerosis, and is often initiated by cytokines. Oncostatin M (OSM) is a relatively unknown cytokine that has been suggested to play a role in both endothelial activation and atherosclerosis. We comprehensively investigated the effect of OSM on...
article 2018
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Hoeke, G. (author), Wang, Y. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Mol, M. (author), Gart, E. (author), Klop, H.G. (author), van den Berg, S.M. (author), Pieterman, E.H. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Boon, M.R. (author)
Background and aims Activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) reduces both hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis by increasing the uptake of triglyceride-derived fatty acids by BAT, accompanied by formation and clearance of lipoprotein remnants. We tested the hypothesis that the hepatic uptake of lipoprotein remnants generated by BAT activation...
article 2017
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Kühnast, S. (author), van der Tuin, S.J.L. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Simic, B. (author), Pieterman, E. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Landmesser, U. (author), Lüscher, T.F. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author)
Background The residual risk that remains after statin treatment supports the addition of other LDL-C-lowering agents and has stimulated the search for secondary treatment targets. Epidemiological studies propose HDL-C as a possible candidate. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) transfers cholesteryl esters from atheroprotective HDL to...
article 2015
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Liang, W. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Mulder, P. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Verheij, J. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Boon, M.R. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Salsalate (salicylsalicylic acid) is an anti-inflammatory drug that was recently found to exert beneficial metabolic effects on glucose and lipid metabolism. Although its utility in the prevention and management of a wide range of vascular disorders, including type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome has been suggested...
article 2015
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van der Tuin, S.J. (author), Kühnast, S. (author), Berbée, J. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W. (author), Rensen, P.C. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Princen, H.M. (author), Willems van Dijk, K. (author), Wang, Y. (author)
Recently, we showed in APOE*3-Leiden.CETP mice that anacetrapib attenuated atherosclerosis development by reducing (V)LDL-C rather than by raising HDL-C. Here, we investigated the mechanism by which anacetrapib reduces (V)LDL-C and whether this effect was dependent on the inhibition of CETP. APOE*3-Leiden.CETP mice were fed a Western type diet...
article 2015
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Gierman, L.M. (author), Kühnast, S. (author), Koudijs, A. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Kloppenburg, M. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author), Stojanovic-Susulic, V. (author), Huizinga, T.W.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author)
Objective Hypercholesterolaemia, a risk factor for atherosclerosis (ATH), has been suggested to have a role in the development of osteoarthritis (OA). To test this hypothesis, the effect of cholesterol and different cholesterol-lowering treatments on OA was investigated in a mouse model resembling human lipoprotein metabolism. Methods Female...
article 2014
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Kühnast, S. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Sasiela, W.J. (author), Gusarova, V. (author), Peyman, A. (author), Schäfer, H.L. (author), Schwahn, U. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibition is a potential novel strategy for treatment of CVD. Alirocumab is a fully human PCSK9 monoclonal antibody in phase 3 clinical development. We evaluated the antiatherogenic potential of alirocumab in APOE∗3Leiden. CETP mice. Mice received a Western-type diet and were treated with...
article 2014
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Bijland, S. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Maas, A.C.E. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) activator fenofibrate efficiently decreases plasma triglycerides (TG), which is generally attributed to enhanced very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-TG clearance and decreased VLDL-TG production. However, because data on the effect of fenofibrate on VLDL production are controversial,...
article 2010
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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Mol, I.M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonism has been shown to affect multiple steps in both the synthesis and catabolism of HDL, but its integrated effect on HDL metabolism in vivo remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the net effect of PXR agonism on HDL metabolism in ApoE*3-Leiden (E3L) and E3L.CETP mice, well-established models for...
article 2009
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van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Lundholm, E. (author), Camejo, G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background and purpose: We have evaluated the effects of a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α/γ agonist on the progression of pre-existing atherosclerotic lesions in APOE*3Leiden.cholesteryl ester transfer protein (E3L.CETP) transgenic mice. Experimental approach: E3L.CETP mice were fed a high-cholesterol diet for 11 weeks to...
article 2009
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Plat, J. (author), de Jong, A. (author), Volger, O.L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Mensink, R.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Intestinal absorption of plant sterols and stanols is much lower as compared with that of cholesterol; and therefore, serum concentrations are low. Circulating plant sterols and stanols are incorporated into tissues. However, hardly any data are available about tissue distributions of individual plant sterols and stanols, particularly in...
article 2008
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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Gautier, T. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
BACKGROUND - Although cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibition is regarded as a promising strategy to reduce atherosclerosis by increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, the CETP inhibitor torcetrapib given in addition to atorvastatin had no effect on atherosclerosis and even increased cardiovascular death in the recent...
article 2008
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de Haan, W. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Dallinga-Thie, G.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: In addition to lowering low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, statins modestly increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol in humans and decrease cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) mass and activity. Our aim was to determine whether the increase in HDL depends on CETP expression. Methods and results: APOE*3-Leiden ...
article 2008
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van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Berbée, J.P.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Rensen, P.C. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective - Niacin potently decreases plasma triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol. In addition, niacin is the most potent HDL-cholesterol- increasing drug used in the clinic. In the present study, we aimed at elucidation of the mechanism underlying its HDL-raising effect. Methods and Results - InAPOE*3Leiden transgenic mice expressing the human...
article 2008
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van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
AIM: This study was designed to investigate the effect of the angiotensin II receptor blocker olmesartan alone, or in combination with standard treatment with a statin, pravastatin, on atherosclerosis development in APOE*3Leiden transgenic mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four groups of 15 mice received an atherogenic diet alone (plasma cholesterol 17...
article 2007
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Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), van der Hoorn, J. (author), Princen, H.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial highly-complex disease with numerous etiologies that work synergistically to promote lesion development. The ability to develop preventive and ameliorative treatments will depend on animal models that mimic the human subject metabolically and pathophysiologically and will develop lesions comparable to those in...
article 2007
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van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Dallinga-Thie, G.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In addition to efficiently decreasing VLDL-triglycerides (TGs), fenofibrate increases HDL-cholesterol levels in humans. We investigated whether the fenofibrate-induced increase in HDL-cholesterol is dependent on the expression of the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). To this end, APOE*3-Leiden (E3L) transgenic mice without and with the...
article 2007
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Kooistra, T. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van der Vries de-Weij, J. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Toet, K. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - To demonstrate, quantify, and mechanistically dissect antiatherosclerotic effects of fenofibrate besides lowering plasma cholesterol per se. METHODS AND RESULTS - ApoE*3Leiden transgenic mice received either a high-cholesterol diet (HC) or HC containing fenofibrate (HC+FF) resulting in 52% plasma cholesterol-lowering. In a separate...
article 2006
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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