Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 20 of 38)

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Ndika, J. (author), Ilves, M. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author), Grollers-Mulderij, M. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Tromp, P.C. (author), Kuper, F. (author), Kinaret, P. (author), Greco, D. (author), Karisola, P. (author), Alenius, H. (author)
The diversity and increasing prevalence of products derived from engineered nanomaterials (ENM), warrants implementation of non-animal approaches to health hazard assessment for ethical and practical reasons. Although non-animal approaches are becoming increasingly popular, there are almost no studies of side-by-side comparisons with traditional...
article 2020
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Bodin, J. (author), Kocbach Bølling, A. (author), Wendt, A. (author), Eliasson, L. (author), Becher, R. (author), Kuper, F. (author), Løvik, M. (author), Nygaard, U.C. (author)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune destruction of insulin producing pancreatic beta-cells due to a genetic predisposition and can be triggered by environmental factors. We have previously shown that bisphenol A (BPA) accelerates the spontaneous development of diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. Here, we hypothesized that...
article 2015
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van Mierlo, G.J.D. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Wouters, D. (author), Wolbink, G.J. (author), Hart, M.H.L. (author), Rispens, T. (author), Ganderup, N.C. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Aarden, L. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author)
Immunogenicity is a major issue of concern for monoclonal antibodies used in human diseases and is by default mainly determined in non-human primates (NHP), as target molecules are considered most similar in NHP compared to human. In this manuscript the predictive value of immunogenicity testing in minipigs for human safety is evaluated, as the...
article 2014
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Vandebriel, R. (author), Callant Cransveld, C. (author), Crommelin, D. (author), Diamant, Z. (author), Glazenburg, B. (author), Joos, G. (author), Kuper, F. (author), Natsch, A. (author), Nijkamp, F. (author), Noteborn, H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Roberts, D. (author), Roggen, E. (author), Rorije, E. (author), Seed, M. (author), Sewald, K. (author), van den Heuvel, R. (author), van Engelen, J. (author), Verstraelen, S. (author), van Loveren, H. (author)
Respiratory sensitization provides a case study for a new approach to chemical safety evaluation, as the prevalence of respiratory sensitization has increased considerably over the last decades, but animal and/or human experimental/predictive models are not currently available. Therefore, the goal of a working group was to design a road map to...
article 2011
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van Triel, J.J. (author), Arts, J.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Previously, the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) was identified as a sensitizer by inhalation in BALB/c mice; in addition, DNCB induced a lymphocytic infiltrate in the larynx of dermally sensitized Th1-prone Wistar rats upon a single inhalation challenge. In the present study, repeated inhalation exposures to DNCB were investigated...
article 2010
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de Jong, W.H. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Klerk, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There are currently no validated animal models that can identify low molecular weight (LMW) respiratory sensitizers. The Local Lymph Node Assay (LLNA) is a validated animal model developed to detect contact sensitizers using skin exposure, but all LMW respiratory sensitizers tested so far were also positive in this assay. Discrimination between...
article 2009
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Heijne, W.H. (author), Dansen, M. (author), Verhoeckx, K.C. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Radonjic, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J. (author), Stierum, R. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Arts, J.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To contribute to the hazard identification of low molecular weight (LMW) respiratory allergens, respiratory allergy induced by trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was characterized by whole genome analysis of lung tissue and blood proteomics in Brown Norway rats. Dermal sensitization (50% and 25% w/v) with TMA and an inhalation challenge of 15 mg/m(3)...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Irritant-induced inflammation of the airways may aggravate respiratory allergy induced by chemical respiratory allergens. Therefore, the effect of airway irritation by synthetic amorphous silica (SAS) on respiratory allergy to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) was studied. Brown Norway (BN) rats were topically sensitized on day 0 and on day 7,...
article 2008
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Boorsma, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Prinsen, M. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
All LMW respiratory allergens known to date can also induce skin allergy in test animals. The question here was if in turn skin allergens can induce allergy in the respiratory tract. Respiratory allergy was tested in Th2-prone Brown Norway (BN) rats by dermal sensitization with the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB; 1%, day 0; 0.5%,...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Jong, W.H. (author), van Triel, J.J. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), de Klerk, A. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The local lymph node assay (LLNA) is used to test the potential of low molecular weight (LMW) compounds to induce sensitization via the skin. In the present study, a respiratory LLNA was developed. Male BALB/c mice were exposed head/nose-only during three consecutive days for 45, 90, 180, or 360 min/day to various LMW allergens. Ear application ...
article 2008
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Kuper, C.F. (author), van Zijverden, M. (author), Klaassen, C. (author), Tegelenbosch-Schouten, M. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effects of cyclosporin A (CY) and cyclophosphamide (CPS) on Peyer's patches (PP) were studied in Wistar rats, exposed in utero and neonatally or during adult age. In one study, pregnant dams received 5 or 15 mg/kg bw/day CY from gestation day 6 to day 21 of lactation. In two other studies, animals were exposed at young adult age: female rats...
article 2007
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
At present, there are no widely applied or fully validated test methods to identify respiratory LMW allergens, i.e. compounds that are considered capable of inducing allergic asthma. Most tests have been investigated using strong respiratory allergens. Moreover, they are meant to detect the potential of a chemical to induce respiratory...
article 2007
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Kimber, I. (author), Agius, R. (author), Basketter, D.A. (author), Corsini, E. (author), Cullinan, P. (author), Dearman, R.J. (author), Gimenez-Arnau, E. (author), Greenwell, L. (author), Hartung, T. (author), Kuper, F. (author), Maestrelli, P. (author), Roggen, E. (author), Rovida, C. (author), Casati, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2007
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Valstar, D.L. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Nijkamp, F.P. (author), Storm, G. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Henricks, P.A.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Occupational exposure to low molecular weight chemicals, like trimellitic anhydride (TMA), can result in occupational asthma. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are among the first cells to encounter these inhaled compounds and were previously shown to affect TMA-induced asthma-like symptoms in the Brown Norway rat (Valstar et al., Toxicol. Appl....
article 2006
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Valstar, D.L. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Nijkamp, F.P. (author), Storm, G. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Henricks, P.A.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Occupational exposure to low molecular weight chemicals, like trimellitic anhydride (TMA), can result in occupational asthma. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are among the first cells to encounter inhaled compounds. These cells can produce many different mediators that have a putative role in asthma. In this study, we examined the role of AMs in lung...
article 2006
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Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is a generalized term incorporating a disseminated collection of lymphoid tissues in multiple sites throughout the body. MALT sites that have been/are primarily studied include bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT), gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), and nasopharynx-associated lymphoid tissue ...
article 2006
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Germolec, D.R. (author), Kashon, M. (author), Nyska, A. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Portier, C. (author), Kommineni, C. (author), Johnson, K.A. (author), Luster, M.I. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The accuracy of extended histopathology to detect immunotoxic chemicals in female B6C3F1 mice was evaluated under the auspices of the National Toxicology Program (NTP). A workgroup was formed consisting of four pathologists who conducted extended histopathological evaluation of lymphoid tissues obtained from a subset of NTP toxicology studies,...
article 2004
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Appel, M.J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Bessems, J.G.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The subacute oral and inhalation toxicity of furfural vapour was studied in Fischer 344 rats to investigate whether route-to-route extrapolation could be employed to derive the limit value for inhalation exposure from oral toxicity data. Groups of 5 rats per sex were treated by gavage daily for 28 days at dose levels of 6-192 mg/kg bw/day, or...
article 2004
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Koning, M.W. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The present study investigated whether airway responses of sensitized rats to trimellitic anhydride (TMA) were concentration dependent and whether these were related to irritation by TMA. Groups of BN and Wistar rats were sensitized by two dermal applications of TMA (50% w/v, followed by 25% w/v in vehicle). Controls received vehicle (acetone...
article 2004
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Germolec, D.R. (author), Nyska, A. (author), Kashon, M. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Portier, C. (author), Kommineni, C. (author), Johnson, K.A. (author), Luster, M.I. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
There has been considerable interest in the use of expanded histopathology as a primary screen for immunotoxicity assessment. To determine the utility of a semiquantitative histopathology approach for examining specific structural and architectural changes in lymphoid tissues, a validation effort was initiated. This study addresses the...
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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