Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 12 of 12)
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van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Worms, N. (author), van Nieuwkoop, A. (author), de Ruiter, C. (author), Attema, J. (author), Menke, A.L. (author), Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Radhakrishnan, S. (author), Salic, K. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a fast-growing liver disorder that is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Animal models adequately mimicking this condition are scarce. We herein investigate whether Ldlr−/−. Leiden mice on different high-fat diets represent a suitable NASH model. Ldlr−/−....
article 2020
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Morrison, M.C. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), van Koppen, A. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author)
Introduction: It is generally accepted that metabolic inflammation in the liver is an important driver of disease progression in NASH and associated matrix remodeling/fibrosis. However, the exact molecular inflammatory mechanisms are poorly defined in human studies. Investigation of key pathogenic mechanisms requires the use of pre-clinical...
article 2018
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Fuijkschot, W.W. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), van der Linden, R. (author), Krijnen, P.A.J. (author), Zethof, I.P.A. (author), Theyse, L.F.H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Niessen, H.W.M. (author), Smulders, Y.M. (author)
Background and aims Observational studies show a peak incidence of cardiovascular events after major surgery. For example, the risk of myocardial infarction increases 25-fold early after hip replacement. The acuteness of this increased risk suggests abrupt enhancement in plaque vulnerability, which may be related to intra-plaque inflammation,...
article 2016
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Liang, W. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Mulder, P. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Verheij, J. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Boon, M.R. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Salsalate (salicylsalicylic acid) is an anti-inflammatory drug that was recently found to exert beneficial metabolic effects on glucose and lipid metabolism. Although its utility in the prevention and management of a wide range of vascular disorders, including type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome has been suggested...
article 2015
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Morrison, M.C. (author), Mulder, P. (author), Stavro, P.M. (author), Manuel Suárez, M. (author), Arola-Arnal, A. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Background and Aims As dietary saturated fatty acids are associated with metabolic and cardiovascular disease, a potentially interesting strategy to reduce disease risk is modification of the quality of fat consumed. Vegetable oils represent an attractive target for intervention, as they largely determine the intake of dietary fats. Furthermore,...
article 2015
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Liang, W. (author), Menke, A.L. (author), Driessen, A. (author), Koek, G.H. (author), Lindeman, J.H. (author), Stoop, R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author)
Results: The criteria macrovesicular steatosis, microvesicular steatosis, hepatocellular hypertrophy, inflammation and fibrosis were generally applicable to rodent NAFLD. The inter-observer reproducibility (evaluated using the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient) between the ten observers was high for the analysis of macrovesicular steatosis and...
article 2014
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Kim, E.S. (author), Cha, Y. (author), Ham, M. (author), Jung, J. (author), Kim, S.G. (author), Hwang, S. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Moon, A. (author)
A crucial role of the inflammatory lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in breast cancer aggressiveness has been reported. Recent clinical studies have suggested that C-reactive protein (CRP) has a role in breast cancer development. However, limited information is available on the molecular basis for the expression of CRP and its functional...
article 2014
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Madsen, L. (author), Pedersen, L.M. (author), Liaset, B. (author), Ma, T. (author), Petersen, R.K. (author), van den Berg, S. (author), Pan, J. (author), Müller-Decker, K.M. (author), Dülsner, E.D. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Døskeland, S.O. (author), Kristiansen, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effect of n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFAs) on adipogenesis and obesity is controversial. Using in vitro cell culture models, we show that n-6 PUFAs was pro-adipogenic under conditions with base-line levels of cAMP, but anti-adipogenic when the levels of cAMP were elevated. The anti-adipogenic action of n-6 PUFAs was dependent on a...
article 2008
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Kooistra, T. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van der Vries de-Weij, J. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Toet, K. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - To demonstrate, quantify, and mechanistically dissect antiatherosclerotic effects of fenofibrate besides lowering plasma cholesterol per se. METHODS AND RESULTS - ApoE*3Leiden transgenic mice received either a high-cholesterol diet (HC) or HC containing fenofibrate (HC+FF) resulting in 52% plasma cholesterol-lowering. In a separate...
article 2006
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Burger-Kentischer, A. (author), Göbel, H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Zernecke, A. (author), Bucala, R. (author), Leng, L. (author), Finkelmeier, D. (author), Geiger, G. (author), Schaefer, H.E. (author), Schober, A. (author), Weber, C. (author), Brunner, H. (author), Rütten, H. (author), Ihling, C. (author), Bernhagen, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory response of the arterial wall to "injury", which is prominently driven by cytokines. The inflammatory mediator macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a unique cytokine that was recently associated with atherogenesis. Here, we have investigated whether MIF has a role in spontaneous atherosclerosis by...
article 2006
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), de Rooij, B.J. (author), Lindeman, J. (author), de Maat, M.M. (author), Szalai, A.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Inflammatory processes, aside from cholesterol, play a central role in atherogenesis. Human C-reactive protein (huCRP) signals systemic inflammation and independently predicts future cardiovascular risk. Cholesterol-lowering statins reduce atherosclerosis and plasma huCRP levels. Evidence is sought for a direct anti-inflammatory statin effect in...
article 2004
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Kleemann, R. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Fontijn, R.D. (author), Horrevoets, A.J.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author)
Background - Statins can exert anti-inflammatory antiatherosclerotic effects through an anti-inflammatory action, independent of lowering cholesterol. We addressed the question whether the anti-inflammatory activities of statins can reduce atherosclerosis beyond the reduction achieved by cholesterol lowering per se. Methods and Results - Two...
article 2003
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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