Searched for: subject:"Animals"
(1 - 9 of 9)
document
Sakharov, D.V. (author), Jie, A.F.H. (author), Bekkers, M.E.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Rijken, D.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
We present the first steps in the elaboration of an approach of extracellular matrix-targeted local drug delivery (ECM-LDD), designed to provide a high concentration, ubiquitous distribution, and long-term retention of a drug within the vessel wall after local intravascular delivery. The approach is based on the concept of a bifunctional drug...
article 2001
document
Nieuwenhuys, C.M.A. (author), Béguin, S. (author), Offermans, R.F.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Hornstra, G. (author), Heemskerk, J.W.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
We investigated the effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on blood lipids and processes that determine hemostatic potential: platelet activation, coagulation, and fibrinolysis. For 8 to 10 weeks, Wistar rats were fed a high-fat diet containing various amounts (2% to 16%) of n-3 PUFAs derived from fish oil (FO) or a diet enriched...
article 1998
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Noorman, F. (author), Barrett-Bergshoeff, M.M. (author), Bekkers, M. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Rijken, D.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Dextran is used during surgery as a prophylactic agent to prevent deep venous thrombosis. Recently it has been shown that dextran increases t-PA plasma concentrations in patients. As dextran is a potential ligand for the mannose receptor, we studied whether this glucose-polymer would be able to inhibit mannose receptor-mediated clearance of t-PA...
article 1997
document
Emeis, J.E. (author), Hoekzema, R. (author), de Vos, A.F. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In experimental animals and humans, intravenous (IV) injection of endotoxin induces large increases in circulating plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), a major inhibitor of blood fibrinolysis. A similar increase is seen after the injection of interleukin-1 (IL-1) or of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), suggesting that these cytokines...
article 1995
document
Padro, T. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), van den Hoogen, C.M. (author), Roholl, P. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Plasminogen activator (PA) and PA inhibitor (PAI) antigen, activity, and mRNA were analyzed in the three layers of rat aorta, and the effect of endotoxin on PA and PAI was studied. All PA activity in aorta was identified as tissue-type PA (TPA) activity; no urokinase-type PA was detected. In the tunica adventitia TPA activity, TPA antigen, and...
article 1994
document
Padró, T. (author), van den Hoogen, C.M. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether hypothyroidism would affect the components of the rat plasma fibrinolytic system. Hypothyroidism was induced by feeding rats a thiouracil-containing diet for 2 weeks. During this period, half of the animals received subcutaneous injections of L-thyroxine (20 μg/kg daily) to restore thyroid...
article 1993
document
Tranquille, N. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Gaubius Laboratory Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
The modulation of the induced acute release of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and of von Willebrand factor (vWF) by compounds affecting cyclic nucleotide levels was studied, using an isolated rat hindleg perfusion system. Platelet-activating factor (PAF; 5 nM) or bradykinin (0.8 μM) were used to induce release of t-PA and vWF. The...
article 1993
document
Emeis, J.J. (author), van den Hoogen, C.M. (author), Gaubius Laboratory IVVO-TNO, P.O. Box 430, 2300 AK Leiden, Netherlands Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
Pharmacological modulation of the in vivo induction of plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) synthesis was studied in rats using the induction of PAI-1 by endotoxin as a model system. Both the cyclooxygenase inhibitors acetylsalicylic acid and indomethacin enhanced PAI-1 induction. The combined cyclooxygenase-lipoxygenase inhibitor,...
article 1992
document
Emeis, J.J. (author), Tranquille, N. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Bradykinin will induce, in perfused rat hindlegs, the acute release from endothelial cells of tissue-type plasminogen activator and of von Willebrand factor. This release is mediated by B2-receptors, requires the influx of extracellular calcium, and is modulated by cyclic nucleotides. A possible role of bradykinin in the physiological regulation...
article 1992
Searched for: subject:"Animals"
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