Searched for: subject%3A%22Animals%22
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Komninos, D. (author), Ramos, L. (author), van der Heijden, G.W. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), van Herwaarden, A.E. (author), Kiliaan, A.J. (author), Arnoldussen, I.A.C. (author)
Obesity can disturb spermatogenesis and subsequently affect male fertility and reproduction. In our study, we aim to elucidate at which cellular level of adult spermatogenesis the detrimental effects of obesity manifest. We induced high fat diet (HFD) obesity in low-density lipoprotein receptor knock-out Leiden (Ldlr−/−.Leiden) mice, and studied...
article 2022
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Schlunk, F. (author), Fisher, P. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rex, A. (author), Prinz, V. (author), Foddis, M. (author), Lütjohann, D. (author), Laufs, U. (author), Endres, M. (author)
Monoclonal anti-proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PSCK9) neutralizing antibodies effectively lower plasma cholesterol levels and decrease cardiovascular events but also raised some concern that cognitive function could worsen as a side effect. Here, we performed experiments in mice to characterize the effect of anti-PCSK9 antibodies...
article 2021
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Giordano, L. (author), Mihaila, S.M. (author), Eslami Amirabadi, H. (author), Masereeuw, R. (author)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) typically appears alongside other comorbidities, highlighting an underlying complex pathophysiology that is thought to be vastly modulated by the bidirectional gut–kidney crosstalk. By combining advances in tissue engineering, biofabrication, microfluidics, and biosensors, microphysiological systems (MPSs) have...
article 2021
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van Berlo, D. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), Amirabadi, H.E. (author), Masereeuw, R. (author)
The development of new medicines suffers from attrition, especially in the development pipeline. Eight out of nine drug candidates entering the clinical testing phase fail, mostly due to poor safety and efficacy. The low predictive value of animal models, used in earlier phases of drug development, for effects in humans poses a major problem. In...
article 2021
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Patel, N. (author), Adelman, D.C. (author), Anagnostou, K. (author), Baumert, J.L. (author), Blom, W.M. (author), Campbell, D.E. (author), Chinthrajah, R.S. (author), Mills, E.N.C. (author), Javed, B. (author), Purington, N. (author), Remington, B.C. (author), Sampson, H.A. (author), Smith, A.D. (author), Yarham, R.A.R. (author), Turner, P.J. (author)
Background Eliciting doses (EDs) (eg, ED01 or ED05 values, which are the amounts of allergen expected to cause objective symptoms in 1% and 5% of the population with an allergy, respectively) are increasingly being used to inform allergen labeling and clinical management. These values are generated from food challenge, but the frequency of...
article 2021
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Kuper, C.F. (author), Pieters, R.H.H. (author), van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author)
The thoracic and peritoneal cavities are lined by serous membranes and are home of the serosal immune system. This immune system fuses innate and adaptive immunity, to maintain local homeostasis and repair local tissue damage, and to cooperate closely with the mucosal immune system. Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) are found abundantly in the...
article 2021
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Sabbadini, A. (author), Caenen, A. (author), Keijzer, L.B.H. (author), van Neer, P.L. (author), Vos, H.J. (author), de Jong, N. (author), Verweij, M.D. (author)
Shear wave elastography (SWE) has the potential to determine cardiac tissue stiffness from non-invasive shear wave speed measurements, important, e.g., for predicting heart failure. Previous studies showed that waves traveling in the interventricular septum (IVS) may display Lamb-like dispersive behaviour, introducing a thickness-frequency...
article 2021
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Onder, S. (author), van Grol, M. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Xiao, G. (author), Noort, D. (author), Yerramalla, U. (author), Tacal, O. (author), Schopfer, L.M. (author), Lockridge, O. (author)
Chronic low-dose exposure to organophosphorus pesticides is associated with the risk of neurodegenerative disease. The mechanism of neurotoxicity is independent of acetylcholinesterase inhibition. Adducts on tyrosine, lysine, threonine, and serine can occur after exposure to organophosphorus pesticides, the most stable being adducts on tyrosine....
article 2021
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Castan, L. (author), Bøgh, K.L. (author), Maryniak, N.Z. (author), Epstein, M.M. (author), Sahar Kazemi, S. (author), O'Mahony, L. (author), Bodinier, M. (author), Smit, J.J. (author), van Bilsen, J.H.M. (author), Blanchard, C. (author), Głogowski, R. (author), Kozáková, H. (author), Schwarzer, M. (author), Noti, M. (author), de Wit, N. (author), Bouchaud, G. (author), Bastiaan-Net, S. (author)
Significant efforts are necessary to introduce new dietary protein sources to feed a growing world population while maintaining food supply chain sustainability. Such a sustainable protein transition includes the use of highly modified proteins from side streams or the introduction of new protein sources that may lead to increased clinically...
article 2020
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Ndika, J. (author), Ilves, M. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author), Grollers-Mulderij, M. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Tromp, P.C. (author), Kuper, F. (author), Kinaret, P. (author), Greco, D. (author), Karisola, P. (author), Alenius, H. (author)
The diversity and increasing prevalence of products derived from engineered nanomaterials (ENM), warrants implementation of non-animal approaches to health hazard assessment for ethical and practical reasons. Although non-animal approaches are becoming increasingly popular, there are almost no studies of side-by-side comparisons with traditional...
article 2020
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Warmink, K. (author), Kozijn, A.E. (author), Bobeldijk, I. (author), Stoop, R. (author), Weinans, H. (author), Korthagen, N.M. (author)
Objective. Obesity is one of the greatest risk factors for osteoarthritis (OA) and evidence is accumulating that inflammatory mediators and innate immunity play an important role. The infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) could be a potential local source of inflammatory mediators in the knee. Here, we combine surgical joint damage with high-fat feeding...
article 2020
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Offringa, A. (author), Montijn, R. (author), Singh, S. (author), Paul, M. (author), Pinto, Y.M. (author), Pinto-Sietsma, S.J. (author)
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is a healthcare crisis caused by insufficient knowledge applicable to effectively combat the virus. Therefore, different scientific discovery strategies need to be connected, to generate a rational treatment which can be made available as rapidly as possible. This relies on a solid theoretical understanding of the...
article 2020
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Sewell, F. (author), Strupp, C. (author), van der Laan, J.W. (author), Wolf, D.C. (author), Wolterink, G. (author), Woutersen, R. (author), Zvonar, Z. (author), Heusinkveld, H. (author), Braakhuis, H. (author)
Currently the only methods for non-genotoxic carcinogenic hazard assessment accepted by most regulatory authorities are lifetime carcinogenicity studies. However, these involve the use of large numbers of animals and the relevance of their predictive power and results has been scientifically challenged. With increased availability of innovative...
article 2020
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van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Worms, N. (author), van Nieuwkoop, A. (author), de Ruiter, C. (author), Attema, J. (author), Menke, A.L. (author), Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Radhakrishnan, S. (author), Salic, K. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a fast-growing liver disorder that is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Animal models adequately mimicking this condition are scarce. We herein investigate whether Ldlr−/−. Leiden mice on different high-fat diets represent a suitable NASH model. Ldlr−/−....
article 2020
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Schlunk, F. (author), Fisher, P. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rex, A. (author), Prinz, V. (author), Foddis, M. (author), Lütjohann, D. (author), Laufs, U. (author), Endres, M. (author)
Anti-PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) antibodies lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels and significantly reduce cardiovascular end points.1 Safety concerns were raised as ultra-low levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol can be achieved. Low cholesterol levels are associated with an increased rate of...
article 2020
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von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), Prior, M. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Hansen, R.R. (author), Isojunno, S. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
To understand the consequences of underwater noise exposure for cetaceans, there is a need for assessments of behavioural responses over increased spatial and temporal scales. Bottom-moored acoustic recorders and satellite tags provide such long-term and large spatial coverage of behaviour compared to short-duration acoustic-recording tags....
article 2019
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Watts, S. (author), Kirkman, E. (author), Bieler, D. (author), Bjarnason, S. (author), Franke, A. (author), Gupta, R. (author), Leggieri, M.J. (author), Orru, H. (author), Ouellet, S. (author), Philippens, M.M.G.M. (author), Sarron, J.C. (author), Skriudalen, S. (author), Teland, J.A. (author), Risling, M. (author), Cernak, I. (author)
Blast injury is a very complex phenomenon and frequently results in multiple injuries. One method to investigate the consequences of blast injuries is with the use of living systems (animal models). The use of animals allows the examination and evaluation of injury mechanisms in a more controlled manner, allowing variables such as primary or...
conference paper 2019
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Pali-Scholl, I. (author), Verhoeckx, K. (author), Mafra, I. (author), Bavaro, S.L. (author), Mills, E.N.C. (author), Monaci, L. (author)
Background. There is an increasing demand for animal-derived products in the developing countries. This poses major concerns for the sustainable production of safe and nutritious food. Consequently, to address these needs alternative sustainable sources of valuable dietary proteins are sought for. Scope and approach. In this review, we discuss...
article 2019
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Abe, N. (author), Kato, S. (author), Tsuchida, T. (author), Sugimoto, K. (author), Saito, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Oka, K. (author)
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a fast-growing liver disease in the Western world. Currently, only a few animal models show both the metabolic and histological features of human NASH. We aimed to explore murine NASH models in a time dependent manner that exhibit metabolic, histological and transcriptomic hallmarks of human NASH. For this...
article 2019
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Jurburg, S.D. (author), Cornelissen, J.J.B.W.J. (author), de Boer, P. (author), Smits, M.A. (author), Rebel, J.M.J. (author)
Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) are a major cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. It is hypothesized that CDI develops due to the antibiotic-induced disruption of the intestinal microbial community structure, which allows C. difficile to flourish. Here, we pre-treated weaned pigs with the antibiotics Clindamycin or Ciprofloxacin for 1...
article 2019
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