Searched for: subject:"Animalia"
(1 - 20 of 307)

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van den Dries, M.A. (author), Lamballais, S. (author), El Marroun, H. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Spaan, S. (author), Ferguson, K.K. (author), Longnecker, M.P. (author), Tiemeier, H. (author), Guxens, M. (author)
Background: Prenatal exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides associate with impaired neurodevelopment in humans and animal models. However, much uncertainty exists about the brain structural alterations underlying these associations. The objective of this study was to determine whether maternal OP pesticide metabolite concentrations in urine...
article 2020
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Kindt, M. (author), Soeter, A.C. (author)
The discovery in animal research that fear memories may change upon retrieval has sparked a wave of interest into whether this phenomenon of reconsolidation also occurs in humans. The critical conditions under which memory reconsolidation can be observed and targeted in humans, however, remain elusive. Here we report that blocking beta...
article 2018
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Harris, C.M. (author), Thomas, L. (author), Falcone, E.A. (author), Hildebrand, J. (author), Houser, D. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author), Moretti, D.J. (author), Read, A.J. (author), Slabbekoorn, H. (author), Southall, B.L. (author), Tyack, P.L. (author), Wartzok, D. (author), Janik, V.M. (author)
Marine mammals may be negatively affected by anthropogenic noise. Behavioural response studies (BRS) aim to establish a relationship between noise exposure conditions (dose) from a potential stressor and associated behavioural responses of animals. A recent series of BRS have focused on the effects of naval sonar sounds on cetaceans. Here, we...
article 2018
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Sivle, L.D. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Visser, F. (author), Curé, C. (author), Harris, C.M. (author), Tyack, P.L. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
Modern long-range naval sonars are a potential disturbance for marine mammals and can cause disruption of feeding in cetaceans. We examined the lunge-feeding behaviour of humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae before, during and after controlled exposure experiments with naval sonar by use of acoustic and motion sensor archival tags attached to...
article 2016
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Curé, C. (author), Isojunno, S. (author), Visser, F. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), Sivle, L.D. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Lam, F.A. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
A key issue when investigating effects of anthropogenic noise on cetacean behavior is to identify the biological significance of the responses. Predator presence can be considered a natural high-level disturbance stimulus to which prey animals have evolved adaptive response strategies to reduce their risk of predation by altering behavior away...
article 2016
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Koster, S. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Dutman, A.E. (author), van Stee, L.L.P. (author), Munch Nielsen, L. (author), Ronsmans, S. (author), Noteborn, H. (author), Krul, L. (author)
A main challenge in food safety research is to demonstrate that processing of foodstuffs does not lead to the formation of substances for which the safety upon consumption might be questioned. This is especially so since food is a complex matrix in which the analytical detection of substances, and consequent risk assessment thereof, is difficult...
article 2015
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Dusinska, M. (author), Boland, S. (author), Saunders, M. (author), Juillerat-Jeanneret, L. (author), Tran, L. (author), Pojana, G. (author), Marcomini, A. (author), Volkovova, K. (author), Tulinska, J. (author), Knudsen, L.E. (author), Gombau, L. (author), Whelan, M. (author), Collins, A.R. (author), Marano, F. (author), Housiadas, C. (author), Bilanicova, D. (author), Halamoda Kenzaoui, B. (author), Correia Carreira, S. (author), Magdolenova, Z. (author), Fjellsbo, L.M. (author), Huk, A. (author), Handy, R. (author), Walker, L. (author), Barancokova, M. (author), Bartonova, A. (author), Burello, E. (author), Castell, J. (author), Cowie, H. (author), Drlickova, M. (author), Guadagnini, R. (author), Harris, G. (author), Harju, M. (author), Heimstad, E.S. (author), Hurbankova, M. (author), Kazimirova, A. (author), Kovacikova, Z. (author), Kuricova, M. (author), Liskova, A. (author), Milcamps, A. (author), Neubauerova, E. (author), Palosaari, T. (author), Papazafiri, P. (author), Pilou, M. (author), Poulsen, M.S. (author), Ross, B. (author), Runden-Pran, E. (author), Sebekova, K. (author), Staruchova, M. (author), Vallotto, D. (author), Worth, A. (author)
In spite of recent advances in describing the health outcomes of exposure to nanoparticles (NPs), it still remains unclear how exactly NPs interact with their cellular targets. Size, surface, mass, geometry, and composition may all play a beneficial role as well as causing toxicity. Concerns of scientists, politicians and the public about...
article 2015
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Schiffelers, M.J.W.A. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Bakker, W.E. (author), Hendriksen, C.F.M. (author), Krul, C. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The two-generation study (OECD TG 416) is the standard requirement within REACH to test reproductive toxicity effects of chemicals with production volumes >100. tonnes. This test is criticized in terms of scientific relevance and animal welfare. The Extended One Generation Reproductive Toxicity Study (EOGRTS), incorporated into the OECD test...
article 2015
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Rijsdijk, K.F. (author), Hume, J.P. (author), de Louw, P.G.B. (author), Meijer, H.J.M. (author), Janoo, A. (author), de Boer, E.J. (author), Steel, L. (author), de Vos, J. (author), van der Sluis, L.G. (author), Hooghiemstra, H. (author), Florens, F.B.V. (author), Baider, C. (author), Vernimmen, T.J.J. (author), Baas, P. (author), van Heteren, A.H. (author), Rupear, V. (author), Beebeejaun, G. (author), Grihault, A. (author), van der Plicht, J.H. (author), Besselink, M. (author), Lubeek, J.K. (author), Jansen, M. (author), Kluiving, S.J. (author), Hollund, H. (author), Shapiro, B. (author), Collins, M. (author), Buckley, M. (author), Jayasena, R.M. (author), Porch, N. (author), Floore, R. (author), Bunnik, F. (author), Biedlingmaier, A. (author), Leavitt, J. (author), Monfette, G. (author), Kimelblatt, A. (author), Randall, A. (author), Floore, P. (author), Claessens, L.P.A.M. (author)
The dodo Raphus cucullatus Linnaeus, 1758, an extinct and flightless, giant pigeon endemic to Mauritius, has fascinated people since its discovery, yet has remained surprisingly poorly known. Until the mid-19th century, almost all that was known about the dodo was based on illustrations and written accounts by 17th century mariners, often of...
article 2015
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Aguirre, M. (author), Venema, K. (author)
Recently, a great deal of interest has been expressed regarding strategies to tackle worldwide obesity because of its accelerated wide spread accompanied with numerous negative effects on health and high costs. Obesity has been traditionally associated with an imbalance in energy consumed when compared to energy expenditure. However, growing...
article 2015
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ter Burg, W. (author), Bokkers, B.G.H. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author), Schuur, A.G. (author)
ABSTRACT: Health impact assessments (HIA) have become an important tool for applying evidence-based policy. Recently, the concept of HIA has been introduced in the field of chemical substances. Two main issues are encountered, i.e., the focus of risk assessment is deriving safe levels and on first signs of adverse effects. These adverse effects,...
article 2015
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Busnadiego, O. (author), Gorbenko del Blanco, D. (author), González-Santamaría, J. (author), Habashi, J.P. (author), Calderon, J.F. (author), Sandoval, P. (author), Bedja, D. (author), Guinea-Viniegra, J. (author), Lopez-Cabrera, M. (author), Rosell-Garcia, T. (author), Snabel, J.M. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Forteza, A. (author), Dietz, H.C. (author), Egea, G. (author), Rodriguez-Pascual, F. (author)
Patients with Marfan syndrome (MFS) are at high risk of life-threatening aortic dissections. The condition is caused by mutations in the gene encoding fibrillin-1, an essential component in the formation of elastic fibers. While experimental findings in animal models of the disease have shown the involvement of transforming growth factor-β (TGF...
article 2015
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Kroese, E.D. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Buist, H.E. (author), Lewin, G. (author), van der Linden, S.C. (author), Man, H.Y. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), Rorije, E. (author), Schulpen, S.H.W. (author), Schwarz, M. (author), Uibel, F. (author), van Vugt-Lussenburg, B.M.A. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), van der Burg, B. (author)
Previously we showed a battery consisting of CALUX transcriptional activation assays, the ReProGlo assay, and the embryonic stem cell test, and zebrafish embryotoxicity assay as 'apical' tests to correctly predict developmental toxicity for 11 out of 12 compounds, and to explain the one false negative [7]. Here we report on applying this battery...
article 2015
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Louisse, J. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author)
The use of laboratory animals for toxicity testing in chemical safety assessment meets increasing ethical, economic and legislative constraints. The development, validation and application of reliable alternatives for in vivo toxicity testing are therefore urgently needed. In order to use toxicity data obtained from in vitro assays for risk...
article 2015
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Visser, F. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author), Antunes, R.N. (author), Oudejans, M.G. (author), Mackenzie, M.L. (author), Aoki, K. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Huisman, J. (author), Tyack, P.L. (author)
Long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) are highly social cetaceans that live in matrilineal groups and acquire their prey during deep foraging dives. We tagged individual pilot whales to record their diving behaviour. To describe the social context of this individual behaviour, the tag data were matched with surface observations at the...
article 2014
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Berg, N. (author), de Wever, B. (author), Fuchs, H.W. (author), Gaca, M. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Roggen, E.L. (author)
In November 2009 the In Vitro Testing Industrial Platform (IVTIP) organized a meeting entitled '. Toxicology in the 21st century - working our way towards a visionary reality'. Participating delegates included scientists, key opinion leaders, developers and users of 3Rs-related tests and testing strategies. This paper summarizes the discussions...
article 2011
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Vandebriel, R. (author), Callant Cransveld, C. (author), Crommelin, D. (author), Diamant, Z. (author), Glazenburg, B. (author), Joos, G. (author), Kuper, F. (author), Natsch, A. (author), Nijkamp, F. (author), Noteborn, H. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Roberts, D. (author), Roggen, E. (author), Rorije, E. (author), Seed, M. (author), Sewald, K. (author), van den Heuvel, R. (author), van Engelen, J. (author), Verstraelen, S. (author), van Loveren, H. (author)
Respiratory sensitization provides a case study for a new approach to chemical safety evaluation, as the prevalence of respiratory sensitization has increased considerably over the last decades, but animal and/or human experimental/predictive models are not currently available. Therefore, the goal of a working group was to design a road map to...
article 2011
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Vink, S.R. (author), Mikkers, J. (author), Bouwman, T. (author), Marquart, H. (author), Kroese, E.D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
REACH requests the exploration of alternative strategies for hazard identification before resorting to (in vivo) testing. Here, we combined read-across as non-testing strategy with a tiered exposure assessment for the risk characterisation of 1-methoxypropan-2-ol (PGME) as a representative for phase-in substances to be registered under REACH....
article 2010
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Baumans, V. (author), van Loo, P.L.P. (author), Pham, T.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Rats and mice are the most commonly used species as laboratory animal models of diseases in biomedical research. Environmental factors such as cage size, number of cage mates and cage structure such as environmental enrichment can affect the physiology and behavioural development of laboratory animals and their well-being throughout their lives....
article 2010
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Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The obesity epidemic is associated with an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular morbidity and various types of cancer. A better insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie adipogenesis and obesity may result in novel therapeutic handles to fight obesity and these associated diseases. Adipogenesis is determined by the...
article 2009
Searched for: subject:"Animalia"
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